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Qey Shibir or Kay Shibbir (Amharic: ቀይ ሽብር ḳäy šəbbər), also known as the Ethiopian Red Terror, was a violent political repression campaign of the Derg against other competing Marxist-Leninist groups in Ethiopia and Eritrea from 1976 to 1977. The Qey Shibir was an attempt to consolidate Derg rule during the political instability after their overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974 and the subsequent Ethiopian Civil War. The Qey Shibir was based on the Red Terror of the Russian Civil War, and most visibly took place after Mengistu Haile Mariam became Chairman of the Derg on 3 February 1977. It is estimated that 30,000 to 750,000 people were killed over the course of the Qey Shibir.

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rdf:type
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  • Terror roig etíop
  • Red Terror (Ethiopia)
  • Terror Rojo (Etiopía)
  • Terreur rouge (Éthiopie)
  • Terrore rosso (Etiopia)
  • Terror Vermelho (Etiópia)
  • Красный террор в Эфиопии
  • 红色恐怖 (埃塞俄比亚)
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  • El Terror Rojo (o Qey Shibir; amhárico: ቀይ ሽብር ḳäy šəbbər) fue una violenta campaña de represión llevada a cabo entre 1977 y 1978, bajo el gobierno del Consejo Administrativo Militar Provisional (Derg, por transliteración de su primera palabra en amárico), presidido por Mengistu Haile Mariam, el cual fue condenado in absentia por la justicia etíope en 2006, como culpable directo del mismo.
  • La Terreur rouge éthiopienne (ou Qey Shibir, Key Shibbir, amharique : ቀይ ሽብር) est une violente campagne politique menée en Éthiopie par Mengistu Hailé Mariam lorsqu'il a pris le contrôle de la junte militaire Derg le 3 février 1977. Mise en place par le gouvernement militaire provisoire de l'Éthiopie socialiste, la politique de terreur rouge est poursuivie par la République populaire démocratique d'Éthiopie. En décembre 2006, Mengistu a été condamné par contumace pour son rôle lors de cette période.
  • Terror Vermelho Etíope (ou Qey Shibir ou ainda Key Shibbir, em amárico: ቀይ ሽብር ḳäy šəbbər; 1977–1978) , foi uma violenta campanha política de grupos marxistas-leninistas na Etiópia e na Eritreia que mais ocorreram depois que Mengistu Haile Mariam obteve o controle do Derg, a junta militar etíope, em 3 de fevereiro de 1977. Em dezembro de 2006, Mengistu foi condenado in absentia por seu papel no Terror Vermelho enquanto líder da Etiópia. Estima-se que entre 500.000 e 750.000 pessoas foram mortas durante o Qey Shibir.
  • Красный террор в Эфиопии (амх. ቀይ ሽብር käy šəbbər) — название массовых репрессий, проводившихся коммунистической военной диктатурой («Дерг») в ходе Гражданской войны в Эфиопии против противников режима, сепаратистов и мирного населения.
  • 红色恐怖(阿姆哈拉語:ቀይ ሽብር)指的是1977年至1978年期间由埃塞俄比亚军事独裁者海尔·马里亚姆·门格斯图发动的政治清洗运动。主要针对的是埃塞俄比亚人民革命党和全埃塞俄比亚社会主义运动两个政党的支持者。 埃塞俄比亚人民革命党、全埃塞俄比亚社会主义运动都是共产主义政党,曾在推翻海尔·塞拉西一世政权中扮演重要角色。然而,海尔·马里亚姆·门格斯图掌权后,这两个政党与门格斯图政权产生了严重的政治分歧,最终引发暴力冲突。门格斯图便发动这场镇压运动,来清洗这两个政党及其支持者的势力。 在1977年至1978年期间,埃塞俄比亚境内共有3万至50万人左右被杀。两个政党发起武装起义,最终引发埃塞俄比亚内战。1991年,首都亚的斯亚贝巴被霍查派领导的反对派联盟埃塞俄比亚人民革命民主阵线攻陷,门格斯图出逃国外,因其在大屠杀中的角色,被缺席判处死刑。
  • El terror roig etíop va ser un període de repressió política que va instigar el govern d'Etiòpia contra grups opositors durant els anys 1976 i 1977. Va suposar entre 30000 i 750000 morts segons les fonts consultades. Un dels seus màxims organitzadors, Mengistu Haile Mariam, va ser condemnat per genocidi mentre estava refugiat fora del país.
  • Qey Shibir or Kay Shibbir (Amharic: ቀይ ሽብር ḳäy šəbbər), also known as the Ethiopian Red Terror, was a violent political repression campaign of the Derg against other competing Marxist-Leninist groups in Ethiopia and Eritrea from 1976 to 1977. The Qey Shibir was an attempt to consolidate Derg rule during the political instability after their overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974 and the subsequent Ethiopian Civil War. The Qey Shibir was based on the Red Terror of the Russian Civil War, and most visibly took place after Mengistu Haile Mariam became Chairman of the Derg on 3 February 1977. It is estimated that 30,000 to 750,000 people were killed over the course of the Qey Shibir.
  • Il Terrore rosso (in amarico: ቀይ ሽብር, ḳäy šəbbər a volte traslitterato anche come Qey Shibir o Key Shibbir) è stata una violenta campagna repressiva politica in Etiopia ed Eritrea, ideata principalmente dall'allora presidente e dittatore Menghistu Hailè Mariàm, che fu condotta dalla giunta militare Derg contro i gruppi politici avversari di ispirazione marxista-leninista, cominciata il 3 febbraio 1977.
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