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The Réveillon riots between 26–29 April 1789 centered in the St. Antoine district of Paris where a factory which produced luxury wallpaper was owned by Jean-Baptiste Réveillon. The factory employed around 300 people. The riots were one of the first instances of violence during the French Revolution. The factory where the riot took place was unusual in pre-revolutionary France as the factory was guild-free in an era where guilds controlled quality standards.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Réveillon riots
  • Affaire Réveillon
  • Sommossa Réveillon
  • レヴェイヨン事件
  • Дело Ревельона
  • 通宵骚乱
rdfs:comment
  • L’affaire Réveillon est une révolte populaire, qui eut lieu du 26 avril au 28 avril 1789 au faubourg Saint-Antoine, à Paris, en France. Cet évènement est considéré comme un élément avant-coureur de la prise de la Bastille, le 14 juillet 1789 et, à plus grande échelle, de la Révolution française.
  • レヴェイヨン事件(れゔぇいよんじけん、仏: L’affaire Réveillon)は、フランス、パリので1789年4月26日から4月28日にかけて起こった大規模な暴動。この出来事は同年7月14日のバスティーユ襲撃、そしてさらに大規模なフランス革命の先駆けとなったと考えられている。
  • «Де́ло Ревельо́на» (фр. Affaire Réveillon) — во Франции вспышка народного недовольства в парижском предместье Сент-Антуан 26-28 апреля 1789 года, выразившаяся в манифестации нескольких тысяч человек, разграблении усадеб фабрикантов Ревельона и Анрио и массовых беспорядках, закончившихся кровопролитной стычкой с воинскими частями. Восстание стало предтечей случившегося 14 июля взятия Бастилии и последовавшей Великой французской революции.
  • The Réveillon riots between 26–29 April 1789 centered in the St. Antoine district of Paris where a factory which produced luxury wallpaper was owned by Jean-Baptiste Réveillon. The factory employed around 300 people. The riots were one of the first instances of violence during the French Revolution. The factory where the riot took place was unusual in pre-revolutionary France as the factory was guild-free in an era where guilds controlled quality standards.
  • La sommossa Réveillon fu una violenta manifestazione di operai parigini, iniziata il 27 aprile 1789 e conclusa il giorno dopo con il saccheggio e la distruzione della fabbrica e della casa dell'industriale Jean-Baptiste Réveillon. L'intervento delle guardie incaricate di porre fine ai disordini avrebbe provocato diverse centinaia di morti.
  • 通宵骚乱(Réveillon riots)发生于1789年4月26日至29日在巴黎的发生。骚乱起源于该区一家生产豪华壁纸的工厂。工厂为(jean-Baptiste réveillon)拥有。通宵骚乱这一名称即来源于首先发生骚乱的工厂的厂主姓勒维烈(在法语中,勒维烈意为通宵)整座工厂雇有约300名劳工。通宵骚乱是法国大革命中的第一次暴力抗争。这座骚乱发生的工厂在革命前的法国很不寻常。因为在一个行会控制质量标准的时代,这座工厂竟是无行会的。 骚乱发生于一个谣言传开之时。该谣言声称:在许多工人都是优秀技工的情况下,厂主要削减工厂工人的工资。于是,壁纸也要跟着降价。工人们在1788年的严冬后已经受够了食物的短缺、居高不下的失业率和低廉的工资。然而勒维烈以他对穷人的善行著称。而且也的确提议把面包价格降低到这些人可以付得起的程度(每天15个苏以下)。然而由于工资下降,他的提议被曲解了。他于4月21日发表这一提议,正当集会讨论关于人民不满的报告。他们所有的代表都在为三级会议的召开做准备。 随着对面包需求的增长,骚乱扩散到法国的其他地区,例如佛兰德斯和诺曼底。面包价格持续上涨,在七月达到了最高点。这次骚乱原本是经济性质的,但是有些骚乱者喊出了政治口号以表达他们的政治诉求。
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  • The Réveillon riots between 26–29 April 1789 centered in the St. Antoine district of Paris where a factory which produced luxury wallpaper was owned by Jean-Baptiste Réveillon. The factory employed around 300 people. The riots were one of the first instances of violence during the French Revolution. The factory where the riot took place was unusual in pre-revolutionary France as the factory was guild-free in an era where guilds controlled quality standards. Protests began after rumors spread that the owner had made a speech stating that workers, many of whom were highly skilled, were to be paid lower wages and, as a result, there would be lower prices. Workers were concerned with food shortages, high unemployment, and low wages after a difficult winter in 1789. However, Réveillon was known for his benevolence towards the poor and actually stated that bread prices should be brought down to those that people could afford (below 15 sous a day) but his comments were misinterpreted as wage restrictions. He made the comments on 21 April when the assembly of the Saint-Marguerite was discussing its Cahier which all Estates drew up before the Estates-General was to be called. After informal protests on Sunday 26 April, groups of protesters congregated on the Île de la Cité and in the , Marais, and Faubourg Saint-Antoine the next day for a series of protest-marches. Though the first three marches - one of which targeted the Third Estate's Assembly of Electors - were resolved peacefully, confrontations between troops and participants in the fourth demonstration led to the outbreak of violence in the Faubourg Saint-Antoine that evening. While the protesters did not manage to destroy the factory, which was being guarded by a group of around fifty troops, a factory owned by the saltpetre manufacturer Henriot was destroyed after he made similar comments. However Réveillon’s factory was destroyed a day later as was his home The riot killed 25 people and wounded around the same number although rumour caused the casualty figures to be exaggerated. The French Guard were used to restore order.
  • L’affaire Réveillon est une révolte populaire, qui eut lieu du 26 avril au 28 avril 1789 au faubourg Saint-Antoine, à Paris, en France. Cet évènement est considéré comme un élément avant-coureur de la prise de la Bastille, le 14 juillet 1789 et, à plus grande échelle, de la Révolution française.
  • La sommossa Réveillon fu una violenta manifestazione di operai parigini, iniziata il 27 aprile 1789 e conclusa il giorno dopo con il saccheggio e la distruzione della fabbrica e della casa dell'industriale Jean-Baptiste Réveillon. L'intervento delle guardie incaricate di porre fine ai disordini avrebbe provocato diverse centinaia di morti. La sommossa fu provocata dalla proposta, presentata durante un'assemblea elettorale del Terzo Stato dal Réveillon e da un altro industriale parigino, di ridurre i salari degli operai per abbassare i prezzi dei manufatti. Fu il più sanguinoso moto popolare avvenuto a Parigi immediatamente prima dell'inizio della Rivoluzione.
  • レヴェイヨン事件(れゔぇいよんじけん、仏: L’affaire Réveillon)は、フランス、パリので1789年4月26日から4月28日にかけて起こった大規模な暴動。この出来事は同年7月14日のバスティーユ襲撃、そしてさらに大規模なフランス革命の先駆けとなったと考えられている。
  • «Де́ло Ревельо́на» (фр. Affaire Réveillon) — во Франции вспышка народного недовольства в парижском предместье Сент-Антуан 26-28 апреля 1789 года, выразившаяся в манифестации нескольких тысяч человек, разграблении усадеб фабрикантов Ревельона и Анрио и массовых беспорядках, закончившихся кровопролитной стычкой с воинскими частями. Восстание стало предтечей случившегося 14 июля взятия Бастилии и последовавшей Великой французской революции.
  • 通宵骚乱(Réveillon riots)发生于1789年4月26日至29日在巴黎的发生。骚乱起源于该区一家生产豪华壁纸的工厂。工厂为(jean-Baptiste réveillon)拥有。通宵骚乱这一名称即来源于首先发生骚乱的工厂的厂主姓勒维烈(在法语中,勒维烈意为通宵)整座工厂雇有约300名劳工。通宵骚乱是法国大革命中的第一次暴力抗争。这座骚乱发生的工厂在革命前的法国很不寻常。因为在一个行会控制质量标准的时代,这座工厂竟是无行会的。 骚乱发生于一个谣言传开之时。该谣言声称:在许多工人都是优秀技工的情况下,厂主要削减工厂工人的工资。于是,壁纸也要跟着降价。工人们在1788年的严冬后已经受够了食物的短缺、居高不下的失业率和低廉的工资。然而勒维烈以他对穷人的善行著称。而且也的确提议把面包价格降低到这些人可以付得起的程度(每天15个苏以下)。然而由于工资下降,他的提议被曲解了。他于4月21日发表这一提议,正当集会讨论关于人民不满的报告。他们所有的代表都在为三级会议的召开做准备。 随着对面包需求的增长,骚乱扩散到法国的其他地区,例如佛兰德斯和诺曼底。面包价格持续上涨,在七月达到了最高点。这次骚乱原本是经济性质的,但是有些骚乱者喊出了政治口号以表达他们的政治诉求。 谣言导致爆发了骚乱,那时正值三级会议召开前夕。骚乱者没有成功摧毁由大约五十名军人把守的勒维烈的工厂(即首个爆发骚乱的工厂)。一座为硝石加工厂厂商昂里奥(Henriot)拥有的工厂在他提出了相同建议之后被摧毁了。 尽管骚乱爆发的那所工厂安然无恙,然而勒维烈过去作为家的工厂却未能幸免于难。 尽管伤亡数字常常被夸大,但仍可肯定这次骚乱中有25人死亡伤者人数与此相当。法军在这一次事件中服从命令,但在攻克巴士底狱时,他们选择了拒绝。
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