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The basal ganglia form a major brain system in all species of vertebrates, but in primates (including humans) there are special features that justify a separate consideration. As in other vertebrates, the primate basal ganglia can be divided into striatal, pallidal, nigral, and subthalamic components. In primates, however, there are two pallidal subdivisions called the external globus pallidus (GPe) and internal globus pallidus (GPi). Also in primates, the dorsal striatum is divided by a large tract called the internal capsule into two masses named the caudate nucleus and the putamen—in most other species no such division exists, and only the striatum as a whole is recognized. Beyond this, there is a complex circuitry of connections between the striatum and cortex that is specific to prima

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  • Primate basal ganglia
  • Système des ganglions de la base du primate
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  • The basal ganglia form a major brain system in all species of vertebrates, but in primates (including humans) there are special features that justify a separate consideration. As in other vertebrates, the primate basal ganglia can be divided into striatal, pallidal, nigral, and subthalamic components. In primates, however, there are two pallidal subdivisions called the external globus pallidus (GPe) and internal globus pallidus (GPi). Also in primates, the dorsal striatum is divided by a large tract called the internal capsule into two masses named the caudate nucleus and the putamen—in most other species no such division exists, and only the striatum as a whole is recognized. Beyond this, there is a complex circuitry of connections between the striatum and cortex that is specific to prima
  • Le système des ganglions de la base, aussi appelés noyaux gris centraux, est un ensemble pair de noyaux interconnectés entre eux au sein du système nerveux. Ils sont principalement situés aux étages télencéphalique et diencéphalique. Ces noyaux comprennent : * le striatum dorsal, composé du noyau caudé et du putamen * le pallidum, composé du globus pallidus interne (GPi) et externe (GPe) * le noyau sous-thalamique * la substance noire (SN), aussi appelée locus niger (LN) tandis-que le striatum ventral comprendrait : * le noyau accumbens septi et * les tubercules olfactifs, en partie.
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