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Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat. Large areas of these forests are being logged at high rates. Peat swamp forests are typically surrounded by lowland rain forests on better-drained soils, and by brackish or salt-water mangrove forests near the coast.

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  • Peat swamp forest
  • Hutan gambut
  • Foresta torbiera
  • 泥炭沼澤森林
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  • Hutan gambut adalah di mana tanah yang terendam air mencegah dedaunan dan kayu terdekomposisi sepenuhnya. Seiring waktu berlalu, terbentuk lapisan gambut yang bersifat asam. Hutan gambut umumnya dikelilingi oleh hutan hujan pada tanah yang tidak terendam air dan hutan bakau di .
  • 泥炭沼泽森林(Peat swamp forests)为,土壤长期浸水,枯叶和木头无法完全分解,逐渐形成厚厚的酸性泥炭层。泥炭沼泽森林大多存在于高海拔地区。 泥炭沼泽森林通常被土壤排水良好的低地雨林,或沿海的半海水或海水红树林包围。 印度尼西亚政府已将婆罗洲大量的泥炭沼泽森林砍伐掉,转变为农业用地。1997年8月和2002年3月旱季的大型山火摧毁了大量泥炭沼泽森林。欧洲航天局研究发现,泥炭沼泽森林是地球重要的碳汇,1997年8月的山火向大气中排放了25亿吨碳,2002年3月的山火则向大气中排放了2亿至10亿吨碳。印度尼西亚拥有世界上50%的热带泥炭沼泽。
  • Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat. Large areas of these forests are being logged at high rates. Peat swamp forests are typically surrounded by lowland rain forests on better-drained soils, and by brackish or salt-water mangrove forests near the coast.
  • Le foreste torbiere sono foreste umide in cui la biomassa si accumula sotto il pelo dell'acqua ed è sottoposta a un lento processo di macerazione anerobica e quindi di carbonificazione, che la trasforma in torba. Lo strato di torba può andare dai due ai venti metri di profondità (solitamente la profondità cresce allontanandosi dai corsi d'acqua). Si tratta di foresta caratterizzate da alberi non alti e da una flora non più rada, a causa della scarsa fertilità del suolo torboso. Malgrado ciò alcune di esse ospitano specie animali iconiche e oramai in via di estinzione, come la tigre di Sumatra e l'orango.Queste foreste si trovano nelle regioni equatoriali dell'Africa, nella regione amazzonica del Sudamerica, in Asia (Borneo e Sumatra) e in Papua Nuova Guinea.
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