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Escherichia coli (Latin pronunciation: [eskeˈrikja ˈkoli] Anglicized to /ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlaɪ/; commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms). Most E. coli strains are harmless, but pathogenic varieties cause serious food poisoning, septic shock, meningitis, or urinary tract infections in humans. Unlike normal flora E. coli, the pathogenic varieties produce toxins and other virulence factors that enable them to reside in parts of the body normally not inhabited by E. coli, and to damage host cells. These pathogenic traits are encoded by virulence genes carried only by the pathogens.

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  • 病原性大腸菌
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli
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  • 病原性大腸菌(びょうげんせいだいちょうきん)とは、特定の疾病を起こす大腸菌菌株の総称である。毒素原性大腸菌とも呼ばれる。細菌学的には、菌の表面にある抗原(O抗原とH抗原)に基づいて細かく分類される。このうち、O111 (O-111とも) やO157 (オーいちごーなな、O-157とも) の抗原を持つ菌株は、100人を超える規模の食中毒をたびたび発生させ先進国で問題となっており、メディアによる報道ではこの抗原名で呼称されている。
  • Escherichia coli (Latin pronunciation: [eskeˈrikja ˈkoli] Anglicized to /ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə ˈkoʊlaɪ/; commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms). Most E. coli strains are harmless, but pathogenic varieties cause serious food poisoning, septic shock, meningitis, or urinary tract infections in humans. Unlike normal flora E. coli, the pathogenic varieties produce toxins and other virulence factors that enable them to reside in parts of the body normally not inhabited by E. coli, and to damage host cells. These pathogenic traits are encoded by virulence genes carried only by the pathogens.
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