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New villages (Chinese: 新村; pinyin: xīn cūn; Malay: Kampung baru), also known as Chinese new villages (Chinese: 华人新村; pinyin: huá rén xīn cūn), are settlements created during the waning days of British rule over Malaysia. The New Villages were originally internment camps created by the British military as part of the Briggs' Plan, first implemented in 1950 to imprison rural civilian populations during the Malayan Emergency. Their location and designs were chosen by the British to eliminate rural communities, therefore lessening their contact with the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA) communist guerrillas who lived in the Malayan jungles.

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  • New village
  • 华人新村
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  • 华人新村是马来西亚华人聚居的村落,形成于1950年代,是马来亚英国殖民地政府在长达12年的紧急状态中设立的一系列华人集中定居点。当时英殖民政府为了阻止郊区的华人与森林中的马来亚共产党游击队接触,便将原本散居在郊外华人集中起来,这些集中点后来就变成了华人聚居的新村落。 今日整个马来西亚共有452个传统华人新村(Kampung baru),占该国百分之22的人口,其中霹雳州是马来西亚最多华人新村的州属。在这之中以华人居多,而马来人和印度人居住在甘榜和园丘。早期的华人新村多为木屋区,随着时代发展,今日许多木屋已翻新成现代式洋房,也有一些新村因人口外移、房屋废弃而逐渐变得破旧不堪。 这些华人新村在20世纪中叶出现。华人新村的村民只可以根据政府规定时间内出入橡胶园和郊区或其它森林里,时间在早上7时至傍晚6时。这些华人村民大部分都是以割胶为生。 华人新村基本上都坐落于西马,但东马也有三个因砂拉越英殖民政府为应对砂拉越的共产党人而设立的三个新村——“新生村”、“来拓村”和“大富村”。目前马来西亚人口最多和土地面积最广的新村是位于吉隆坡的增江新村,而吉打的拉武勿刹则是最小的新村,约有44人。 马来西亚房屋及地方政府部也于2009年3月5日将157個華人非傳統新村,包括113個重組村及44個漁村正式納入其管轄范围,和传统新村同级。。
  • New villages (Chinese: 新村; pinyin: xīn cūn; Malay: Kampung baru), also known as Chinese new villages (Chinese: 华人新村; pinyin: huá rén xīn cūn), are settlements created during the waning days of British rule over Malaysia. The New Villages were originally internment camps created by the British military as part of the Briggs' Plan, first implemented in 1950 to imprison rural civilian populations during the Malayan Emergency. Their location and designs were chosen by the British to eliminate rural communities, therefore lessening their contact with the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA) communist guerrillas who lived in the Malayan jungles.
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  • 华人新村
  • 新村
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  • huá rén xīn cūn
  • xīn cūn
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  • New villages (Chinese: 新村; pinyin: xīn cūn; Malay: Kampung baru), also known as Chinese new villages (Chinese: 华人新村; pinyin: huá rén xīn cūn), are settlements created during the waning days of British rule over Malaysia. The New Villages were originally internment camps created by the British military as part of the Briggs' Plan, first implemented in 1950 to imprison rural civilian populations during the Malayan Emergency. Their location and designs were chosen by the British to eliminate rural communities, therefore lessening their contact with the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA) communist guerrillas who lived in the Malayan jungles. According to British military historian John Newsinger, people forced to live in the New Villages had been "effectively deprived of all civil rights". Although the majority of inhabitants were Chinese, thousands of Orang Asli were forcefully uprooted from their ancestral lands and imprisoned in new villages. Historian John D. Leary in his study of the Orang Asli during the Emergency, argued that the forced resettlement used to create the New Villages brought "misery, disease and death" to many aboriginals. Today the New Villages are no longer internment camps and since the end of British colonialism in Malaya have evolved into ordinary civilian communities.
  • 华人新村是马来西亚华人聚居的村落,形成于1950年代,是马来亚英国殖民地政府在长达12年的紧急状态中设立的一系列华人集中定居点。当时英殖民政府为了阻止郊区的华人与森林中的马来亚共产党游击队接触,便将原本散居在郊外华人集中起来,这些集中点后来就变成了华人聚居的新村落。 今日整个马来西亚共有452个传统华人新村(Kampung baru),占该国百分之22的人口,其中霹雳州是马来西亚最多华人新村的州属。在这之中以华人居多,而马来人和印度人居住在甘榜和园丘。早期的华人新村多为木屋区,随着时代发展,今日许多木屋已翻新成现代式洋房,也有一些新村因人口外移、房屋废弃而逐渐变得破旧不堪。 这些华人新村在20世纪中叶出现。华人新村的村民只可以根据政府规定时间内出入橡胶园和郊区或其它森林里,时间在早上7时至傍晚6时。这些华人村民大部分都是以割胶为生。 华人新村基本上都坐落于西马,但东马也有三个因砂拉越英殖民政府为应对砂拉越的共产党人而设立的三个新村——“新生村”、“来拓村”和“大富村”。目前马来西亚人口最多和土地面积最广的新村是位于吉隆坡的增江新村,而吉打的拉武勿刹则是最小的新村,约有44人。 马来西亚房屋及地方政府部也于2009年3月5日将157個華人非傳統新村,包括113個重組村及44個漁村正式納入其管轄范围,和传统新村同级。。
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