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The Moscow Orphanage or Foundling Home (Russian: Воспитательный дом в Москве) was an ambitious project conceived by Catherine the Great and Ivan Betskoy, in the early 1760s. This idealistic experiment of the Age of Enlightenment was intended to manufacture "ideal citizens" for the Russian state by bringing up thousands of abandoned children to a very high standard of refinement, cultivation, and professional qualifications. Despite more than adequate staffing and financing, the Orphanage was plagued by high infant mortality and ultimately failed as a social institution.

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  • Moscow Orphanage
  • Московский императорский воспитательный дом
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  • Моско́вский импера́торский воспита́тельный дом — заложен в 1764 по инициативе просветителя И. И. Бецкого как благотворительное закрытое учебно-воспитательное учреждение для сирот, подкидышей и беспризорников. Крупнейшее здание Москвы дореволюционного периода (длина фасада по набережной 379 м). Из трёх корпусов-каре в XVIII веке были выстроены только два (арх. Карл Бланк); восточный корпус завершен в XX веке (арх. И. И. Ловейко). В XIX веке расширением Воспитательного дома заведовали архитекторы И. Д. Жилярди и Доменико Жилярди, А. Г. Григорьев, М. Д. Быковский. До 2015 года в зданиях Воспитательного дома базировались Военная академия РВСН и Российская академия медицинских наук. Ансамбль зданий, входивших в комплекс воспитательного дома, является памятником архитектуры XVIII—XX веков.
  • The Moscow Orphanage or Foundling Home (Russian: Воспитательный дом в Москве) was an ambitious project conceived by Catherine the Great and Ivan Betskoy, in the early 1760s. This idealistic experiment of the Age of Enlightenment was intended to manufacture "ideal citizens" for the Russian state by bringing up thousands of abandoned children to a very high standard of refinement, cultivation, and professional qualifications. Despite more than adequate staffing and financing, the Orphanage was plagued by high infant mortality and ultimately failed as a social institution.
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