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Before humans went into space in the 1960s, several other animals were launched into space, including numerous other primates, so that scientists could investigate the biological effects of spaceflight. The United States launched flights containing primate passengers primarily between 1948 and 1961 with one flight in 1969 and one in 1985. France launched two monkey-carrying flights in 1967. The Soviet Union and Russia launched monkeys between 1983 and 1996. Most primates were anesthetized before lift-off.

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  • Monkeys and apes in space
  • Monos en el espacio
  • Обезьяны в космосе
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  • Before humans went into space in the 1960s, several other animals were launched into space, including numerous other primates, so that scientists could investigate the biological effects of spaceflight. The United States launched flights containing primate passengers primarily between 1948 and 1961 with one flight in 1969 and one in 1985. France launched two monkey-carrying flights in 1967. The Soviet Union and Russia launched monkeys between 1983 and 1996. Most primates were anesthetized before lift-off.
  • Antes de que el humano fuera en un vuelo espacial tripulado lanzado al espacio, diversos animales fueron usados para investigar los efectos biológicos de una exploración espacial como el macaco . Estados Unidos lanzó vuelos primarios tripulados por monos, entre 1948 y 1961 con dos vuelos espaciales: uno en 1969 y otro en 1985. Francia lanzó dos monos en vuelos espaciales primarios en 1967. Rusia a su vez, lanzó monos de 1983 a 1996. Entre 1969 y 1970 Argentina lanzó pequeños simios en vuelos suborbitales a bordo de cohetes Canopus II y Pantera X-1 de fabricación propia.
  • В целях изучения биологического воздействия орбитальных и суборбитальных полётов на живой организм, в космос летали близкие по физиологии к человеку обезьяны нескольких видов: макак-резус, макак-крабоед, обыкновенная беличья обезьяна, свинохвостый макак. Всего в космос летали более тридцати обезьян-космонавтов, каждая по одному разу. Обезьяны-дублёры также проходили полный курс подготовки. В США обезьян запускали в космос в 1948—1961, и по одному полёту в 1969 и 1985 годах, во Франции в 1967 году, в Аргентине в 1969—1970 годы, в Советском Союзе и России в 1983—1996 годы, в Иране с 2011 года.
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