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Military Units to Aid Production or UMAPs (Unidades Militares de Ayuda a la Producción) were agricultural labor camps operated by the Cuban government from November 1965 to July 1968 in the province of Camagüey. The UMAP camps served as a form of alternative civilian service for Cubans who could not serve in the military due to being, conscientious objectors, Christians and other religious people, homosexuals, or political enemies of Fidel Castro or his communist revolution. The language used in the title can be misleading, as pointed by historian Abel Sierra Madero, "The hybrid structure of work camps cum military units served to camouflage the true objectives of the recruitment effort and to distance the UMAPs from the legacy of forced labor." There is no official account of the internsh

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  • Military Units to Aid Production
  • Unidad Militar de Ayuda a la Producción
  • Unité militaire d'aide à la production
  • Satuan Militer untuk Bantuan Produksi
  • Unità militari di aiuto alla produzione
  • Unidades Militares de Ajuda à Produção
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  • As Unidades Militares de Ajuda à Produção (UMAP) foram presídios de trabalhos forçados criados em meados dos anos 1960 em Cuba.
  • Military Units to Aid Production or UMAPs (Unidades Militares de Ayuda a la Producción) were agricultural labor camps operated by the Cuban government from November 1965 to July 1968 in the province of Camagüey. The UMAP camps served as a form of alternative civilian service for Cubans who could not serve in the military due to being, conscientious objectors, Christians and other religious people, homosexuals, or political enemies of Fidel Castro or his communist revolution. The language used in the title can be misleading, as pointed by historian Abel Sierra Madero, "The hybrid structure of work camps cum military units served to camouflage the true objectives of the recruitment effort and to distance the UMAPs from the legacy of forced labor." There is no official account of the internsh
  • Les unités militaires d'aide à la production (en espagnol : Unidades Militares de Ayuda a la Producción, abrégé en UMAP) sont des camps de travail fondés par le gouvernement cubain et mis en place dans les années 1960. Selon les autorités cubaines ces centres UMAP doivent accueillir les individus qui ne peuvent pas être incorporés dans l'armée, il s'agit d'un service civil. Cela concerne notamment les religieux, antimilitaristes, homosexuels ou opposants politiques. Les UMAP incluaient également des travailleurs volontaires, le travail y étant rémunéré au même titre que le service militaire et permettait de disposer d'un emploi à la sortie. Environ 25 000 personnes y ont travaillé, volontairement pour certaines ou de manière obligatoire pour la majorité.
  • Las Unidades Militares de Ayuda a la Producción (UMAP) fueron campos de trabajo que existieron en Cuba entre 1965 y 1968. Allí estuvieron unos 25.000 hombres, básicamente jóvenes en edad militar que por diversos motivos se negaban a hacer el servicio militar obligatorio (miembros de algunas religiones), eran rechazados en las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Cuba o por su homosexualidad «burguesa» tenían que ser «reeducados» por el gobierno revolucionario.​ Recibían el mismo pago de los movilizados por el Servicio Militar Obligatorio (7 pesos) y tenían libres los domingos.​
  • Unit Militer untuk Bantuan Produksi atau UMAP (Unidades Militares de Ayuda a la Producción) adalah kamp-kamp buruh pertanian yang dioperasikan oleh pemerintah Kuba dari November 1965 sampai Juli 1968 di provinsi Camagüey. Kamp-kamp UMAP dijadikan sebagai bentuk bagi rakyat Kuba yang tidak bertugas di militer karena tidak memiliki kemampuan yang memungkinkan, homoseksual, atau musuh-musuh politik dari revolusi. Kebanyakan pekerja UMAP adalah orang yang tidak memiliki kemampuan yang memungkinkan untuk bertugas dalam militer. Sebagian kecil atau sekitar 8% sampai 9% adalah pria homoseksual, Saksi-Saksi Yehuwa, Adventis Hari Ketujuh. dan pendeta Protestan, intelektual, petani yang menolak kolektivisasi, serta orang-orang yang dianggap "anti-sosial" atau "kontra-revolusioner." Mantan agen m
  • Le Unità militari di aiuto alla produzione (in spagnolo Unidad Militar de Ayuda a la Producción, UMAP) erano campi di lavoro in attività a Cuba dal novembre 1965 alla metà del 1968. La loro ideazione è attribuita a Fidel Castro e a Raúl Castro. Sarà lo stesso ex presidente Fidel Castro, in una intervista alla direttrice del quotidiano messicano La Jornada. Un pentimento storico che potrebbe aprire le porte a nuovi diritti per gay e lesbiche cubane.
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  • Military Units to Aid Production
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