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Mechanism is the belief that natural wholes (principally living things) are like complicated machines or artifacts, composed of parts lacking any intrinsic relationship to each other. The doctrine of mechanism in philosophy comes in two different flavors. They are both doctrines of metaphysics, but they are different in scope and ambitions: the first is a global doctrine about nature; the second is a local doctrine about humans and their minds, which is hotly contested. For clarity, we might distinguish these two doctrines as universal mechanism and anthropic mechanism.

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  • Mechanism (philosophy)
  • Mecanismo (filosofía)
  • 机械论
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  • 机械论(Mechanism)是一种对于自然界的信念,认为自然界整体就是一个复杂的机器或工艺品,其不同组成部分间并没有内在联系。在此观点看来,物体或生物的行为可以从其组成部分和外界影响上来解释。 哲学中的机械论观点有两种不同的指向;其都是形而上学的观点,但有着不同的运用领域:第一个用于讨论自然界,第二个用于讨论人和人的心灵。为明确起见,我们或许可以将此两者分别称为宇宙机械论(universal mechanism)和人类机械论(anthropic mechanism)。
  • En ciencia y en filosofía de la ciencia, un mecanismo es, en términos generales, una entidad o proceso cuya principal característica es la producción regular de cierto aspecto. También en general, se considera que ese comportamiento regular, descrito por una ley científica u otro tipo de generalización más o menos robusta, es explicado por medio de la descripción de los procesos, en su mayoría causales, que lo producen. En consecuencia, la noción de mecanismo está estrechamente relacionada con la de causa (p. ej. en Wesley Salmon), si bien hay autores que las distinguen entre sí (p. ej. Mario Bunge). En todo caso, los mecanismos también están estrechamente ligados a otras nociones centrales de la filosofía de la ciencia, en particular las de proceso, explicación y predicción. Se trata pues
  • Mechanism is the belief that natural wholes (principally living things) are like complicated machines or artifacts, composed of parts lacking any intrinsic relationship to each other. The doctrine of mechanism in philosophy comes in two different flavors. They are both doctrines of metaphysics, but they are different in scope and ambitions: the first is a global doctrine about nature; the second is a local doctrine about humans and their minds, which is hotly contested. For clarity, we might distinguish these two doctrines as universal mechanism and anthropic mechanism.
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