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The Mandate for Mesopotamia (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎) was a proposed League of Nations mandate to cover Ottoman Iraq (Mesopotamia). It would have been entrusted to the United Kingdom, but was superseded by the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, an agreement between Britain and Iraq with some similarities to the proposed mandate.

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  • Mandate for Mesopotamia
  • Mandato Britânico da Mesopotâmia (instrumento jurídico)
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  • The Mandate for Mesopotamia (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎) was a proposed League of Nations mandate to cover Ottoman Iraq (Mesopotamia). It would have been entrusted to the United Kingdom, but was superseded by the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, an agreement between Britain and Iraq with some similarities to the proposed mandate.
  • Mandato Britânico da Mesopotâmia (em árabe: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق) foi um Mandato da Sociedade das Nações proposto para ser confiado ao Reino Unido na Conferência de San Remo, em conformidade ao Acordo Sykes-Picot. O Mandato Britânico da Mesopotâmia enfrentou algumas dificuldades para ser estabelecido, visto que uma revolta iraquiana nacional eclodiu em 1920, após o ser decidido que o território se tornaria o Reino do Iraque, através do Tratado Anglo-Iraquiano.
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  • --12-07
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  • Proposed creation of the territory of Mesopotamia. The Kingdom of Iraq was created instead
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  • Mandato Britânico da Mesopotâmia (em árabe: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق) foi um Mandato da Sociedade das Nações proposto para ser confiado ao Reino Unido na Conferência de San Remo, em conformidade ao Acordo Sykes-Picot. O mandato proposto foi concedido em 25 de abril de 1920, após a conferência de San Remo, na Itália, mas não foi documentado ou definido. Era para ser um mandato Classe A nos termos do artigo 22 do Pacto da Liga das Nações. Um documento do projeto do mandato foi preparado pelo Escritório Colonial Britânico, em junho de 1920. O mandato de administração britânica foi promulgado por meio do Tratado Anglo-Iraquiano. O Mandato Britânico da Mesopotâmia enfrentou algumas dificuldades para ser estabelecido, visto que uma revolta iraquiana nacional eclodiu em 1920, após o ser decidido que o território se tornaria o Reino do Iraque, através do Tratado Anglo-Iraquiano. O Reino do Iraque tornou-se independente em 1931-1932, de acordo com a postura da Liga das Nações, que declarou que tais Estados seriam tornados progressivamente independentes ao longo do tempo.
  • The Mandate for Mesopotamia (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎) was a proposed League of Nations mandate to cover Ottoman Iraq (Mesopotamia). It would have been entrusted to the United Kingdom, but was superseded by the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, an agreement between Britain and Iraq with some similarities to the proposed mandate. The proposed mandate was awarded on 25 April 1920, at the San Remo conference in Italy in accordance with the 1916 Sykes–Picot Agreement, but was not yet documented or defined. It was to be a class A mandate under Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. A draft mandate document was prepared by the British Colonial Office in June 1920, and submitted in draft form to the League of Nations in December 1920. Immediately after the end of World War I, Sir Arnold Wilson, the future High Commissioner to Iraq, recommended the annexation of Mesopotamia to India "as a colony of India and the Indians, such as the government of India administer it and gradually cultivate its vast plains, and settle the warrior Punjab races in it." In a memorandum written on 22 April 1918, Cox listed the social groups that the British should support: the Jewish community in Baghdad, the notables in Baghdad and Basar, the rich landowning Arabs and Jews, and the Shaikhs of sedentary tribes. Mosul was added to the region of British influence following the 1918 Clemenceau–Lloyd George Agreement. The proposed mandate faced certain difficulties to be established, as a nationwide Iraqi revolt broke out in 1920, after which it was decided the territory would become the Kingdom of Iraq, via the Anglo-Iraq Treaty of October 1922. The Kingdom of Iraq became independent in 1931–1932, in accordance with the League of Nations stance, which stated such states would be facilitated into "progressive development" as fully independent states. The civil government of British-administered Iraq was headed originally by the High Commissioner, Sir Percy Cox, and his deputy, Colonel Arnold Wilson. British reprisals after the murder of a British officer in Najaf failed to restore order. British administration had yet to be established in the mountains of north Iraq. The most striking problem facing the British was the growing anger of the nationalists, who felt betrayed at being accorded mandate status.
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  • Not ratified
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  • Draft Mandate for Mesopotamia
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