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The Italian diaspora is the large-scale emigration of Italians from Italy. There were two major Italian diasporas in Italian history. The first diaspora began around 1880, two decades after the Unification of Italy, and ended in the 1920s to the early 1940s with the rise of Fascist Italy. Poverty was the main reason for emigration, specifically the lack of land as property became subdivided over generations. Especially in Southern Italy, conditions were harsh. Until the 1860s, most of Italy was a rural society with many small towns and cities and almost no modern industry in which land management practices, especially in the south and the north-east, did not easily convince farmers to stay on the land and to work the soil. Another factor was related to the overpopulation of Southern Italy

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  • Italian diaspora
  • الشتات الإيطالي
  • Italienische Auswanderung
  • Italiar diaspora
  • Émigration italienne
  • Emigrazione italiana
  • Italiaanse diaspora
  • Emigração italiana
  • Итальянская диаспора
  • 義大利僑民
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  • Die Auswanderung von Italienern in verschiedene Länder Europas sowie Nord- und Südamerikas gilt als die größte Massenmigration der jüngeren Geschichte.
  • De Italiaanse diaspora is een term die gebruikt wordt om de verschillende gemeenschappen van Italianen die buiten Italië leven mee aan te duiden. De diaspora vond vooral plaats tussen de Italiaanse eenwording in 1861 en na het einde van de Tweede Wereldoorlog.
  • A emigração italiana foi um fenômeno social iniciado nas últimas décadas do século XIX e que continuou grande até meados do século XX. A diáspora italiana foi o maior movimento migratório não forçado da história. Entre 1880 e 1976, perto de 13 milhões de pessoas deixaram a Itália para ir morar em outros países.
  • Итальянская диаспора — диаспора, состоящая из итальянцев и потомков эмигрантов из Италии. Сформировалась из двух волн: крупномасштабной миграции итальянцев из Италии в период между объединением Италии в 1861 году и приходом фашистов к власти в 1920-х годах, а также волну, которую можно наблюдать после окончания Первой мировой войны. Численность — около 8 млн человек.
  • 義大利僑民是指自義大利向外移民的人口群體。義大利歷史上有兩次移民浪潮,第一次開始於1880年(即義大利統一後約10年),結束於1920早期至1940年代的法西斯政權。貧困是主要移民原因,特別是因土地代代分割後導致的土地不足。這一現象在南義大利尤其嚴重。第二次是在第二次世界大戰結束後至1970年代。在1880年至1980年,有約1500萬義大利人離開義大利,是歷史上最大移民潮之一。 By 1980, it was estimated that about 25,000,000 Italians were residing outside Italy.。1861年至1985年,29,036,000名義大利人移居其它國家,其中16,000,000(55%)在第一次世界大戰爆發前移民,10,275,000人後來回到義大利(35%),18,761,000人永久定居外國(65%)。 有觀點認為義大利在21世紀初期因金融危機引發的社會經濟問題導致了第三波移民潮,特別是年輕人。在外國的義大利人人口從2006年的3,106,251增加到2015年的4,636,647,在10年增加了49.3%。現在有500萬義大利人住在義大利國外,有8000萬人擁有全部或部分義大利血統。
  • يشير مصطلح الشتات الإيطالي إلى هجرة الإيطاليين على نطاق واسع في الفترة التي تبدأ تقريباً مع توحيد إيطاليا في عام 1861 وتنتهي مع المعجزة الاقتصادية الإيطالية في الستينات من القرن العشرين، ضم الشتات الإيطالي ما يقرب من 25 مليوناً من الطليان ويعتبر أكبر هجرة جماعية في الأزمنة المعاصرة.
  • The Italian diaspora is the large-scale emigration of Italians from Italy. There were two major Italian diasporas in Italian history. The first diaspora began around 1880, two decades after the Unification of Italy, and ended in the 1920s to the early 1940s with the rise of Fascist Italy. Poverty was the main reason for emigration, specifically the lack of land as property became subdivided over generations. Especially in Southern Italy, conditions were harsh. Until the 1860s, most of Italy was a rural society with many small towns and cities and almost no modern industry in which land management practices, especially in the south and the north-east, did not easily convince farmers to stay on the land and to work the soil. Another factor was related to the overpopulation of Southern Italy
  • Italiarren diasporak italiarrak Italiatik alde egiteko egon diren eskala handiko migrazioak dira. Italiako historian bi diaspora handi izan dira. Lehena 1860ko hamarkadan hasi zen, Italiaren bateratzearekin batera, eta 1920koan amaitu zen, faxismoa gailentzean. Bigarrena Bigarren Mundu Gerra amaitzean hasi zen eta 1970eko hamarkadan bukatu zen.
  • L’Italie de la fin du XIXe jusqu’au milieu du XXe siècle est plutôt une terre d’émigration et un réservoir à main-d’œuvre pour les pays plus industrialisés de l’Europe, mais aussi des États-Unis et des pays d’Amérique du Sud. Pendant longtemps des flux de ses migrants se sont installés de par le monde avec plus ou moins de difficulté.
  • L'emigrazione italiana è un fenomeno emigratorio su larga scala finalizzato all'espatrio che interessa la popolazione italiana, che ha riguardato dapprima l'Italia settentrionale e poi, dopo il 1880, anche il Mezzogiorno d'Italia, conoscendo peraltro anche consistenti movimenti interni, compresi cioè all'interno dei confini geografici del Paese.
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