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The term Iranian Huns is sometimes used for a group of different tribes that lived in Afghanistan and neighboring areas between the fourth and seventh centuries and expanded into northwest India. They are roughly equivalent to the Hunas. They also threatened the northeast borders of Sasanian Persia and forced the Shahs to lead many ill-documented campaigns against them. Related to the Iranian Huns are the Uar, Hunas and uncertain terms from various languages like "White Hun", "Red Hun" and others.

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  • Iranische Hunnen
  • Iranian Huns
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  • Als Iranische Hunnen wird eine Gruppe verschiedener spätantiker zentralasiatischer Stämme bezeichnet, die zwischen dem 4. und 6./7. Jahrhundert im Raum des heutigen Afghanistans und benachbarter Gebiete eigene Herrschaften etablierten und teils bis in den Nordwesten Indiens expandierten. Die Bezeichnung iranische Hunnen geht auf die numismatischen Untersuchungen Robert Göbls in den 1960er Jahren zurück, die sich in der Forschung allgemein durchgesetzt hat. Die iranischen Hunnen bedrohten durch ihre Vorstöße immer wieder die Nordostgrenze des persischen Sassanidenreichs und zwangen die persischen Könige zur Sicherung der Grenze zu wiederholten Feldzügen, über deren Einzelheiten aber oft wenig bekannt ist.
  • The term Iranian Huns is sometimes used for a group of different tribes that lived in Afghanistan and neighboring areas between the fourth and seventh centuries and expanded into northwest India. They are roughly equivalent to the Hunas. They also threatened the northeast borders of Sasanian Persia and forced the Shahs to lead many ill-documented campaigns against them. Related to the Iranian Huns are the Uar, Hunas and uncertain terms from various languages like "White Hun", "Red Hun" and others.
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  • Portrait of king Khingila, founder of the Alchon Huns, c. 430 - 490 CE.
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  • Khingila portrait.jpg
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  • Als Iranische Hunnen wird eine Gruppe verschiedener spätantiker zentralasiatischer Stämme bezeichnet, die zwischen dem 4. und 6./7. Jahrhundert im Raum des heutigen Afghanistans und benachbarter Gebiete eigene Herrschaften etablierten und teils bis in den Nordwesten Indiens expandierten. Die Bezeichnung iranische Hunnen geht auf die numismatischen Untersuchungen Robert Göbls in den 1960er Jahren zurück, die sich in der Forschung allgemein durchgesetzt hat. Die iranischen Hunnen bedrohten durch ihre Vorstöße immer wieder die Nordostgrenze des persischen Sassanidenreichs und zwangen die persischen Könige zur Sicherung der Grenze zu wiederholten Feldzügen, über deren Einzelheiten aber oft wenig bekannt ist.
  • The term Iranian Huns is sometimes used for a group of different tribes that lived in Afghanistan and neighboring areas between the fourth and seventh centuries and expanded into northwest India. They are roughly equivalent to the Hunas. They also threatened the northeast borders of Sasanian Persia and forced the Shahs to lead many ill-documented campaigns against them. The term was introduced by Robert Göbl in the 1960s and is based on his study of coins. The term "Iranian Huns" coined by Göbl has been sometimes accepted in research, especially in German academia, and reflects how some of the namings and inscriptions of the Kidarites and Hephthalites used an Iranic language, and the bulk of the population they ruled was Iranian. Their origin is controversially discussed. While Göbl describes four groups, recent research sometimes describes the Xionites as a fifth group. In recent research, it is debated whether the new arrivals came as one wave or several waves of different peoples. The term "Iranian Huns" is not commonly used in English sources outside of the Encyclopædia Iranica. "Hun" is used in the broad sense and these people may have been partly non-Iranian. Until the spread of Islam and the re-appearance of the Chinese under the Tang about 700 AD, the sources for central Asian history are poor. Related to the Iranian Huns are the Uar, Hunas and uncertain terms from various languages like "White Hun", "Red Hun" and others.
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