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In mathematics, the rational points on the unit circle are those points (x, y) such that both x and y are rational numbers ("fractions") and satisfy x2 + y2 = 1. The set of such points turns out to be closely related to primitive Pythagorean triples. Consider a primitive right triangle, that is, with integer side lengths a, b, c, with c the hypotenuse, such that the sides have no common factor larger than 1. Then on the unit circle there exists the rational point (a/c, b/c), which, in the complex plane, is just a/c + ib/c, where i is the imaginary unit. Conversely, if (x, y) is a rational point on the unit circle in the 1st quadrant of the coordinate system (i.e. x > 0, y > 0), then there exists a primitive right triangle with sides xc, yc, c, with c being the least common multiple of the

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  • Gruppe der rationalen Punkte auf dem Einheitskreis
  • Group of rational points on the unit circle
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  • Die Gruppe der rationalen Punkte auf dem Einheitskreis besteht aus den Punkten mit rationalen Koordinaten, für die gilt. Die Menge dieser Punkte ist eng mit den primen pythagoräischen Tripeln verwandt. Ist ein primitives rechtwinkliges Dreieck mit ganzzahligen teilerfremden Seitenlängen gegeben, wobei die Hypotenuse ist, dann gibt es auf dem Einheitskreis den rationalen Punkt . Ist umgekehrt ein rationaler Punkt auf dem Einheitskreis, dann gibt es ein primitives rechtwinkliges Dreieck mit den Seiten , wobei das kleinste gemeinsame Vielfache der Nenner von und ist.
  • In mathematics, the rational points on the unit circle are those points (x, y) such that both x and y are rational numbers ("fractions") and satisfy x2 + y2 = 1. The set of such points turns out to be closely related to primitive Pythagorean triples. Consider a primitive right triangle, that is, with integer side lengths a, b, c, with c the hypotenuse, such that the sides have no common factor larger than 1. Then on the unit circle there exists the rational point (a/c, b/c), which, in the complex plane, is just a/c + ib/c, where i is the imaginary unit. Conversely, if (x, y) is a rational point on the unit circle in the 1st quadrant of the coordinate system (i.e. x > 0, y > 0), then there exists a primitive right triangle with sides xc, yc, c, with c being the least common multiple of the
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  • Die Gruppe der rationalen Punkte auf dem Einheitskreis besteht aus den Punkten mit rationalen Koordinaten, für die gilt. Die Menge dieser Punkte ist eng mit den primen pythagoräischen Tripeln verwandt. Ist ein primitives rechtwinkliges Dreieck mit ganzzahligen teilerfremden Seitenlängen gegeben, wobei die Hypotenuse ist, dann gibt es auf dem Einheitskreis den rationalen Punkt . Ist umgekehrt ein rationaler Punkt auf dem Einheitskreis, dann gibt es ein primitives rechtwinkliges Dreieck mit den Seiten , wobei das kleinste gemeinsame Vielfache der Nenner von und ist.
  • In mathematics, the rational points on the unit circle are those points (x, y) such that both x and y are rational numbers ("fractions") and satisfy x2 + y2 = 1. The set of such points turns out to be closely related to primitive Pythagorean triples. Consider a primitive right triangle, that is, with integer side lengths a, b, c, with c the hypotenuse, such that the sides have no common factor larger than 1. Then on the unit circle there exists the rational point (a/c, b/c), which, in the complex plane, is just a/c + ib/c, where i is the imaginary unit. Conversely, if (x, y) is a rational point on the unit circle in the 1st quadrant of the coordinate system (i.e. x > 0, y > 0), then there exists a primitive right triangle with sides xc, yc, c, with c being the least common multiple of the denominators of x and y. There is a correspondence between points (a, b) in the x-y plane and points a + ib in the complex plane which is used below.
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