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Frank Bursley Taylor (1860 – 1938) was an American geologist, the son of a lawyer in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He was a Harvard dropout who studied privately financed in large part by his wealthy father. He became a specialist in the glacial geology of the Great Lakes, and proposed to the Geological Society of America on December 29, 1908 that the continents moved on the Earth's surface, that a shallow region in the Atlantic marks where Africa and South America were once joined, and that the collisions of continents could uplift mountains. His ideas were based on his studies on mountain ranges as the Andes, Rockies, Alps and Himalayas, concluding that these mountains could have been formed only as a result of titanic lateral pressures that thrust the earth's surface upward. His theory was eithe

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  • Frank Bursley Taylor
  • Frank Bursley Taylor
  • Frank Bursley Taylor
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  • Frank Bursley Taylor (1860-1938) est un géologue américain.
  • Frank Bursley Taylor (* 23. November 1860 in Fort Wayne, Indiana; † 12. Juni 1938 ebenda) war ein wohlhabender amerikanischer Amateur-Geologe und wurde bekannt durch seine 1908 vorgetragene und 1910 in einer Fachzeitschrift veröffentlichte Hypothese der Kontinentaldrift, welche er noch vor Alfred Wegener formulierte. 1925 wurde Taylor in die American Academy of Arts and Sciences gewählt.
  • Frank Bursley Taylor (1860 – 1938) was an American geologist, the son of a lawyer in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He was a Harvard dropout who studied privately financed in large part by his wealthy father. He became a specialist in the glacial geology of the Great Lakes, and proposed to the Geological Society of America on December 29, 1908 that the continents moved on the Earth's surface, that a shallow region in the Atlantic marks where Africa and South America were once joined, and that the collisions of continents could uplift mountains. His ideas were based on his studies on mountain ranges as the Andes, Rockies, Alps and Himalayas, concluding that these mountains could have been formed only as a result of titanic lateral pressures that thrust the earth's surface upward. His theory was eithe
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  • Frank Bursley Taylor (* 23. November 1860 in Fort Wayne, Indiana; † 12. Juni 1938 ebenda) war ein wohlhabender amerikanischer Amateur-Geologe und wurde bekannt durch seine 1908 vorgetragene und 1910 in einer Fachzeitschrift veröffentlichte Hypothese der Kontinentaldrift, welche er noch vor Alfred Wegener formulierte. Taylor erkannte, dass die Trennung der Kontinente wie Südamerika und Afrika genau am mittelatlantischen Rücken stattfand. Er fand auch heraus, dass Gebirge durch Kollisionen der Kontinente entstehen können. Taylor erklärte die Bewegung der Kontinente mit der Annahme, dass der Mond vor 100 Millionen Jahren durch die Erdgravitation eingefangen wurde. Dieser kam dabei der Erde so nahe, dass die auftretenden Gezeitenkräfte die Kontinente in Richtung Äquator zogen. Diese Annahme war jedoch nicht sehr glaubhaft, was die Akzeptanz der Theorie der Kontinentaldrift (welche früher in Amerika auch als „Taylor-Wegenersche Theorie“ bezeichnet wurde), erschwerte. Wegener würdigte Taylor (der später zu einem von Wegeners ersten Anhängern wurde) 1929 vor allem im Zusammenhang mit der Entwicklung des Atlantiks und der Loslösung Grönlands von Nordamerika. Wegener betonte dabei aber, dass er von Taylors Arbeiten erst dann erfahren hatte, als er seine eigene Theorie schon formuliert hatte. 1925 wurde Taylor in die American Academy of Arts and Sciences gewählt.
  • Frank Bursley Taylor (1860-1938) est un géologue américain.
  • Frank Bursley Taylor (1860 – 1938) was an American geologist, the son of a lawyer in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He was a Harvard dropout who studied privately financed in large part by his wealthy father. He became a specialist in the glacial geology of the Great Lakes, and proposed to the Geological Society of America on December 29, 1908 that the continents moved on the Earth's surface, that a shallow region in the Atlantic marks where Africa and South America were once joined, and that the collisions of continents could uplift mountains. His ideas were based on his studies on mountain ranges as the Andes, Rockies, Alps and Himalayas, concluding that these mountains could have been formed only as a result of titanic lateral pressures that thrust the earth's surface upward. His theory was either ignored or opposed by other scientists of his time. He wrote a total ten papers on the subject of continental drift Taylor's ideas about continental drift were independently discovered by Alfred Wegener in Germany three years later, in January 1912, and the theory of continental drift is historically often referred to as the "Taylor-Wegener hypothesis," although Taylor himself disapproved of the hyphenated name. But even with Wegener's extensive extra research the idea did not achieve acceptance until the 1960s when a vast weight of evidence had accrued via Harry Hess, Frederick Vine and Drummond Matthews. In a later paper he proposed that this occurred by their being dragged towards the equator by tidal forces during the hypothesized capture of the moon, resulting in "general crustal creep" toward the equator. The initial key to his proposal, the complementary shapes of the continental masses, had been observed as early as the 16th century by Abraham Ortelius, but had lacked a credible driving force. His own proposition was that the moon was captured by the Earth's gravity during the Cretaceous period 100 million years ago, and came so close to the earth that its tidal pull dragged the continents toward the Equator. This lacked evidence, thus undermining the credibility of the continental drift observation. He had proposed that the continents ploughed through the ocean floors towards the equator, wrinkling their Equator-facing fronts to produce the Himalayas and Alps. Although his proposed mechanism was wrong, he was the first to come to the insight that one of the effects of continental motion would be the formation of mountains due to the collision of continental plates.
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