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The Facing Identification Mark, or FIM, is a bar code designed by the United States Postal Service to assist in the automated processing of mail. The FIM is a set of vertical bars printed on the envelope or postcard near the upper edge, just to the left of the postage area (the area where the postage stamp or its equivalent is placed). The FIM is intended for use primarily on preprinted envelopes and postcards and is applied by the company printing the envelopes or postcards, not by the USPS. The five codes have the following uses:

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  • Facing Identification Mark
  • Facing Identification Mark
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  • The Facing Identification Mark, or FIM, is a bar code designed by the United States Postal Service to assist in the automated processing of mail. The FIM is a set of vertical bars printed on the envelope or postcard near the upper edge, just to the left of the postage area (the area where the postage stamp or its equivalent is placed). The FIM is intended for use primarily on preprinted envelopes and postcards and is applied by the company printing the envelopes or postcards, not by the USPS. The five codes have the following uses:
  • Facing Identification Mark(フェイシング・アイデンティフィケーション・マーク、FIM)は、郵便書簡の自動処理を補助するためアメリカ合衆国郵便公社が定めたバーコード。FIM は封筒や葉書の上端、切手(あるいはそれに類するもの)が貼られるスペースの左隣に、横並びの縦線で印刷される。FIM は、はじめから封筒や葉書に印刷されているものである。つまり印刷するのは郵便公社でなく、封筒や葉書の印刷会社である。 FIM は 1(縦線)と 0(空白)からなる、9 ビットのコードである。(カスタム用を除くと)次の 4 種類が使われている。 * FIM A - 110010011 * FIM B - 101101101 * FIM C - 110101011 * FIM D - 111010111 FIM は次のような役割を持つ。まず、FIM によって郵便物の表裏判定が可能になる。また、郵便物の料金受取人払、オンライン支払いなどの支払種別を同定でき、加えて POSTNET バーコードの有無を判定できる。POSTNET バーコードがあれば、その郵便物はバーコード読取機へ直行する。 4 種類のコードの役割は次のとおりである。
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  • The Facing Identification Mark, or FIM, is a bar code designed by the United States Postal Service to assist in the automated processing of mail. The FIM is a set of vertical bars printed on the envelope or postcard near the upper edge, just to the left of the postage area (the area where the postage stamp or its equivalent is placed). The FIM is intended for use primarily on preprinted envelopes and postcards and is applied by the company printing the envelopes or postcards, not by the USPS. The FIM is a nine-bit code consisting of ones (vertical bars) and zeroes (blank spaces). The following five codes are in use: * FIM A: || | || (110010011) * FIM B: | || || | (101101101) * FIM C: || | | || (110101011) * FIM D: ||| | ||| (111010111) * FIM E: | | | | (101000101) All defined FIMs start and end with a bar, and are palindromic, reading the same forward and backward. Thus, there are only 16 possible FIMs, 11 if the current limits of at most 3 consecutive bars or spaces are maintained. The FIM serves the following purposes: it allows the proper facing of mail for cancellation. It also identifies the manner in which postage is paid (e.g., business reply mail or Information Based Indicia (IBI) postage) and whether that business reply mail has a POSTNET bar code. If the POSTNET bar code is present, the mail can be sent directly to a barcode sorter. The five codes have the following uses: * FIM A is used for mail bearing regular postage and a POSTNET bar code. It is commonly used by preprinted courtesy reply mail and metered reply mail, but may be applied to any mail to speed delivery. * FIM B is used for business reply mail without a preprinted ZIP+4 bar code. Because this costs more than barcoded mail, it is rarely used. * FIM C is used for business reply mail with a preprinted POSTNET bar code. * FIM D is used only with IBI postage. * FIM E is used to mark customized mail bearing an Intelligent Mail Barcode.
  • Facing Identification Mark(フェイシング・アイデンティフィケーション・マーク、FIM)は、郵便書簡の自動処理を補助するためアメリカ合衆国郵便公社が定めたバーコード。FIM は封筒や葉書の上端、切手(あるいはそれに類するもの)が貼られるスペースの左隣に、横並びの縦線で印刷される。FIM は、はじめから封筒や葉書に印刷されているものである。つまり印刷するのは郵便公社でなく、封筒や葉書の印刷会社である。 FIM は 1(縦線)と 0(空白)からなる、9 ビットのコードである。(カスタム用を除くと)次の 4 種類が使われている。 * FIM A - 110010011 * FIM B - 101101101 * FIM C - 110101011 * FIM D - 111010111 FIM は次のような役割を持つ。まず、FIM によって郵便物の表裏判定が可能になる。また、郵便物の料金受取人払、オンライン支払いなどの支払種別を同定でき、加えて POSTNET バーコードの有無を判定できる。POSTNET バーコードがあれば、その郵便物はバーコード読取機へ直行する。 4 種類のコードの役割は次のとおりである。 * FIM A - 差出人払、料金先払(POSTNET バーコード有り) * FIM B - 料金受取人払(ZIP+4 バーコード無し) * FIM C - 料金受取人払(ZIP+4 バーコード有り) * FIM D - オンライン支払 (en:Information Based Indicia)
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