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The Egyptian Socialist Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي المصري‎) was a political party in Egypt. The party was founded in 1921. A party conference held in July 1922 declared the Alexandria branch of the party as the party headquarters. On October 1920 the party declared itself as the true representative of the Egyptian working class. Towards the end of the year the party counted with around 1,500 members (400 in Alexandria).

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  • Egyptian Communist Party (1921)
  • Parti communiste égyptien
  • 埃及共产党 (1922年)
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  • Le Parti communiste égyptien est un parti politique d'Égypte fondé en 1921 sous le nom de Parti socialiste égyptien. Il devient Parti communiste en 1923, et s'attache à propager le marxisme dans la société égyptienne et développer les luttes sociales en organisant la classe ouvrière et les paysans. Victimes de la répression, les militants communistes vont scinder leur parti en plusieurs groupes distincts et tenter de se réunir à plusieurs reprises, jusqu'à recréer un Parti communiste en 1958, puis décider de dissoudre celui-ci en 1965.
  • 埃及共产党(阿拉伯语:الحزب الشيوعي المصري),是一个已不存在的埃及共产主义政党。1918年,开罗、亚历山大港、塞得港等大城市出现了社会主义和共产主义小组。1920年,这些小组联合创立埃及社会党。1922年,该党改名为埃及共产党。该党一建立,就把反对帝国主义统治、争取民族独立和实行民主作为斗争任务。提出苏伊士运河收归国有,英军撤出埃及,没收大地主土地,进行彻底的土地改革,实行8小时工作制和劳动立法等。它积极从事工人运动,领导建立了劳动总同盟,联合了6万会员和100个工会。到1924年,党员人数发展到2000多人,华夫脱党政府对此极为不安,该年3月,下令解散埃共及其领导的劳动同盟,该党转入地下。第二次世界大战期间,该党分裂为20多个派别。
  • The Egyptian Socialist Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي المصري‎) was a political party in Egypt. The party was founded in 1921. A party conference held in July 1922 declared the Alexandria branch of the party as the party headquarters. On October 1920 the party declared itself as the true representative of the Egyptian working class. Towards the end of the year the party counted with around 1,500 members (400 in Alexandria).
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  • Le Parti communiste égyptien est un parti politique d'Égypte fondé en 1921 sous le nom de Parti socialiste égyptien. Il devient Parti communiste en 1923, et s'attache à propager le marxisme dans la société égyptienne et développer les luttes sociales en organisant la classe ouvrière et les paysans. Victimes de la répression, les militants communistes vont scinder leur parti en plusieurs groupes distincts et tenter de se réunir à plusieurs reprises, jusqu'à recréer un Parti communiste en 1958, puis décider de dissoudre celui-ci en 1965.
  • The Egyptian Socialist Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي المصري‎) was a political party in Egypt. The party was founded in 1921. A party conference held in July 1922 declared the Alexandria branch of the party as the party headquarters. On October 1920 the party declared itself as the true representative of the Egyptian working class. Towards the end of the year the party counted with around 1,500 members (400 in Alexandria). The party sent Hosni al-Arabi to Moscow, to negotiate a possible entry of the party to the Communist International. Al-Arabi returned to Egypt towards the end of 1921, with the instructions that the party would adhered to the twenty-one conditions of the Communist International. A majority of the party Central Committee (led by al-Arabi) approved the conditions in December 1922, and the name of the party was changed to Egyptian Communist Party (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي المصري‎). The party treasurer Rosenthal, who had opposed some of the conditions, was expelled and substituted by Ahmed al-Madani.
  • 埃及共产党(阿拉伯语:الحزب الشيوعي المصري),是一个已不存在的埃及共产主义政党。1918年,开罗、亚历山大港、塞得港等大城市出现了社会主义和共产主义小组。1920年,这些小组联合创立埃及社会党。1922年,该党改名为埃及共产党。该党一建立,就把反对帝国主义统治、争取民族独立和实行民主作为斗争任务。提出苏伊士运河收归国有,英军撤出埃及,没收大地主土地,进行彻底的土地改革,实行8小时工作制和劳动立法等。它积极从事工人运动,领导建立了劳动总同盟,联合了6万会员和100个工会。到1924年,党员人数发展到2000多人,华夫脱党政府对此极为不安,该年3月,下令解散埃共及其领导的劳动同盟,该党转入地下。第二次世界大战期间,该党分裂为20多个派别。
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