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Following the Islamic conquest in 639, Lower Egypt was ruled at first by governors acting in the name of the Rashidun Caliphs and then the Umayyad Caliphs in Damascus, but in 747 the Umayyads were overthrown. Throughout Islamic rule, Askar was named the capital and housed the ruling administration. The conquest led to two separate provinces all under one ruler: Upper and Lower Egypt. These two very distinct regions was governed by the military and followed the demands handed down by the governor of Egypt and imposed by the heads of their communities.

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  • تاريخ مصر الإسلامية
  • Egipte durant l'edat mitjana
  • Frühislamische Zeit in Ägypten
  • Egypt in the Middle Ages
  • Période islamique de l'Égypte
  • Mesir pada Abad Pertengahan
  • Storia dell'Egitto arabo
  • Vroeg-islamitisch Egypte
  • Египет в составе Арабского халифата
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  • بدأ الحكم الإسلامي لمصر في عهد الخلفاء الراشدين 640-661م وشمل العصور التالية:
  • Als frühislamische Zeit bezeichnet man – in Zusammenhang mit Ägypten – die Epoche zwischen der Eroberung des Landes durch die Araber im Jahre 642 und dem Beginn der Fatimiden-Herrschaft am Nil im Jahre 969.
  • La période islamique de l'Égypte débute lors de la première invasion des musulmans en 639, au moment où l'Égypte est gouvernée par les gouverneurs qui agissent au nom des califes bien guidés puis des Omeyyades à Damas, mais en 747, les Omeyyades sont renversés. En 1174, l'Égypte passe sous la domination des Ayyoubides qui durent jusqu'en 1252. Les Ayyoubides sont renversés par leur milice appelée les mamelouks, qui règnent sous la suzeraineté des Abbassides jusqu'en 1517, lorsque l'Égypte devient une partie de l'Empire ottoman.
  • Pada masa invasi Islam awal pada 639 Masehi, Mesir mula-mula diperintah oleh para gubernur yang bertindak atas nama para Rashidun, dan kemudian para Khalifah di Damaskus namun, pada tahun 747, Ummayah runtuh. Pada 1174, Mesir berada di bawah kekuasaan Ayyubiyah yang berlangsung sampai 1252. Ayyubiyyah dilengserkan oleh para penjaga mereka, yang dikenal sebagai Mamluk, yang memerintah di bawah kedaulatan para Khalifah Abbasiyah sampai tahun 1517, saat Mesir menjadi bagian dari Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah.
  • Dal 640 al 1517 l'Egitto fece parte del mondo arabo. In un primo tempo fu diretto da governatori che agivano per conto dei califfi Omayyadi di Damasco.Nel 747 gli Ommayadi furono detronizzati e l'unità del mondo arabo si ruppe.L'Egitto rimase comunque sotto il dominio del Califfato abbaside, i cui sovrani riuscirono a stabilire dinastie semi-indipendenti, come quella tulunide ed ikhshidide. Nel 969 la dinastia fatimide della Tunisia conquistò l'Egitto, stabilendo la propria capitale al Cairo. Questa dinastia ebbe fine nel 1174, quando l'Egitto cadde sotto il dominio di Saladino, la cui dinastia, gli Ayyubidi, durò fino al 1252. Ad essi subentrarono i Mamelucchi, che governarono, sotto la sovranità dei califfi abbasidi, fino al 1517, quando l'Egitto divenne parte dell'Impero ottomano.
  • De periode van vroeg-islamitisch Egypte of ook wel de tijd van Egypte onder de Arabieren, Fatimiden en Ajjoebiden (640 – 1250) is in de geschiedenis van Egypte de periode na Romeins en Byzantijns Egypte (30 voor Chr. – 640 na C.).
  • Following the Islamic conquest in 639, Lower Egypt was ruled at first by governors acting in the name of the Rashidun Caliphs and then the Umayyad Caliphs in Damascus, but in 747 the Umayyads were overthrown. Throughout Islamic rule, Askar was named the capital and housed the ruling administration. The conquest led to two separate provinces all under one ruler: Upper and Lower Egypt. These two very distinct regions was governed by the military and followed the demands handed down by the governor of Egypt and imposed by the heads of their communities.
  • Во время правления Ахмеда ибн Тулуна египетская экономика процветала. Сельскохозяйственное производство было на довольно высоком уровне, чему способствовали постоянные высокие разливы Нила. Другие отрасли, в частности, производство текстиля, также процветают. Во время своего правления, ибн Тулун утвердил автономию государства, не желая платить налоги правительству Аббасидов в Багдаде. Кроме того, он реформировал управление, сблизившись с торговым сообществом, а также измененил систему налогообложения. Во времена Тулунидов, были также реформирована сельскохозяйственная инфраструктура. Основным сектором производства, инвестиций и участия в торговле всего Средиземноморья, был текстиль.
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