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The Dionysian Mysteries were a ritual of ancient Greece and Rome which sometimes used intoxicants and other trance-inducing techniques (like dance and music) to remove inhibitions and social constraints, liberating the individual to return to a natural state. It also provided some liberation for those marginalized by Greek society: women, slaves, outlaws, and non-citizens. In their final phase the Mysteries shifted their emphasis from a chthonic, underworld orientation to a transcendental, mystical one, with Dionysus changing his nature accordingly. By its nature as a mystery religion reserved for the initiated, many aspects of the Dionysian cult remain unknown and were lost with the decline of Greco-Roman polytheism; modern knowledge is derived from descriptions, imagery and cross-cultura

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  • أسرار ديونيزيان
  • Dionysoskult
  • Dionysian Mysteries
  • Mistérios dionisíacos
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  • Os mistérios dionisíacos ou cultos dionisíacos eram ritos religiosos dedicados ao deus grego Dioniso. Destacavam-se por serem cultos que contradiziam e ultrapassavam a ordem social e humana convencional, ao contrário dos aos outros deuses, que cumpriam o papel de reforçar e sacralizar os valores da cidade grega.Nos rituais a Dioniso o devoto experienciava a alteridade, o contato com a figura do Outro, encontrando dentro de si, através do transe, uma expressão que divergia da experiência cotidiana e ordinária. Na experiência dionisíaca, o aspecto dual – o masculino e o feminino, o selvagem e o civilizado etc – que confere racionalidade e coerência à realidade consensual se desfaz, os opostos fundem-se, e assim também o homem funde-se aos deuses e à natureza.
  • أَسرار ديونيزيان أو المسارية الإغريقية (ديونسيوس) تلهم أسراره النشوة نشوة السُّكر، وهي عبارة عن طقوس تقام للإله ديونسيوس ويبتغي منها العابد الخلاص، وهي طقوس سرية ترمي للتوسل أو للاتحاد مع آلهة المدن لضمان الخلاص الآخروي، وكان الأحياء يتوسلونه في طقوس سرية وغامضة لضمان رضاه عنهم بعد الموت كانت تصحب هذه الطقوس أشكال من العربدة كالرقص والموسيقى؛ لإزالة الموانع والقيود الإجتماعية، وتحرير الفرد ليعود إلى الحالة الطبيعية. كما وفرت هذه العبادة المسارية بعض التحرر لأولئك المهمشين من قبل المجتمع اليوناني: النساء ، العبيد ، الخارجين عن القانون، وغير المواطنين.
  • Der Dionysoskult ist der Kult um Dionysos, griechischer Gott des Weines und der Fruchtbarkeit, und einer der zahlreichen Mysteriengötter der antiken Welt, deren Kulte sich gegenseitig beeinflussen und deren Wesen nicht genau abgegrenzt werden kann.
  • The Dionysian Mysteries were a ritual of ancient Greece and Rome which sometimes used intoxicants and other trance-inducing techniques (like dance and music) to remove inhibitions and social constraints, liberating the individual to return to a natural state. It also provided some liberation for those marginalized by Greek society: women, slaves, outlaws, and non-citizens. In their final phase the Mysteries shifted their emphasis from a chthonic, underworld orientation to a transcendental, mystical one, with Dionysus changing his nature accordingly. By its nature as a mystery religion reserved for the initiated, many aspects of the Dionysian cult remain unknown and were lost with the decline of Greco-Roman polytheism; modern knowledge is derived from descriptions, imagery and cross-cultura
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