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The DNA damage theory of aging proposes that aging is a consequence of unrepaired accumulation of naturally occurring DNA damages. Damage in this context is a DNA alteration that has an abnormal structure. Although both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA damage can contribute to aging, nuclear DNA is the main subject of this analysis. Nuclear DNA damage can contribute to aging either indirectly (by increasing apoptosis or cellular senescence) or directly (by increasing cell dysfunction).

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  • تلف الحمض النووي
  • DNA damage theory of aging
  • Teoria do envelhecimento por lesão do DNA
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  • تلف الحمض النووي (بالإنجليزية: DNA damage)‏ يختلف بشكل واضح عن مفهوم الطفرة، رغم أن كلاهما نوع من أنواع الخطأ في الحمض النووي. إن تلف الحمض النووي عبارة عن وجود خلل وتغيير في التركيب الكيميائي. للحمض النووي كانكسار جزء من الحمض أو فقد أحد القواعد النتيتروجينية أو تغيرالتركيب الكيميائي للقاعدة نفسها، بينما الطفرة عبارة عن تغيير في ترتيب أزواج القواعد القياسية. إن تلف الحمض النووي يسبب تغيير في تركيب المادة الوراثية ويمنع حدوث آلية التضاعف من أن تٌؤدَىَ بشكل صحيح.
  • The DNA damage theory of aging proposes that aging is a consequence of unrepaired accumulation of naturally occurring DNA damages. Damage in this context is a DNA alteration that has an abnormal structure. Although both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA damage can contribute to aging, nuclear DNA is the main subject of this analysis. Nuclear DNA damage can contribute to aging either indirectly (by increasing apoptosis or cellular senescence) or directly (by increasing cell dysfunction).
  • A senescência ou envelhecimento é um processo natural e integrado ao desenvolvimento ontogenético de quase todos os organismos, especialmente dos multicelulares de maior complexidade. Neste caso, há um paulatino comprometimento funcional diferenciado dos órgãos e tecidos. A senescência diz respeito a um processo complexo, provavelmente motivado por vários fatores que atuam em distintos níveis de organização biológica.
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