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The Conventicle Act 1664 was an Act of the Parliament of England (16 Charles II c. 4) that forbade conventicles, defined as religious assemblies of more than five people other than an immediate family, outside the auspices of the Church of England. The operation of the Clarendon Code at least as far as Protestants were concerned was mitigated somewhat by Charles II's Royal Declaration of Indulgence in 1672, which suspended the execution of the Penal Laws and allowed a certain number of non-conformist chapels to be staffed and constructed, with the pastors subject to royal approval.

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  • Conventicle Act 1664
  • Conventicle Act 1664
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  • The Conventicle Act 1664 was an Act of the Parliament of England (16 Charles II c. 4) that forbade conventicles, defined as religious assemblies of more than five people other than an immediate family, outside the auspices of the Church of England. The operation of the Clarendon Code at least as far as Protestants were concerned was mitigated somewhat by Charles II's Royal Declaration of Indulgence in 1672, which suspended the execution of the Penal Laws and allowed a certain number of non-conformist chapels to be staffed and constructed, with the pastors subject to royal approval.
  • Il Conventicle Act del 1664 è stata una legge del Parlamento inglese emanata con lo scopo di proibire la formazione di conventicole, ovvero di riunioni o assemblee a sfondo religioso composte da più di cinque persone e aventi per argomento professioni di fede al di fuori della chiesa anglicana. La prima e più immediata conseguenza di questa norma fu la manifestazione di protesta di tutti i religiosi dissidenti che iniziarono a disertare pubblicamente le loro nuove parrocchie ufficialmente riconosciute, per seguire i sermoni e le celebrazioni dei loro vecchi sacerdoti in luoghi all'aperto.
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long title
  • An Act to prevent and suppresse seditious Conventicles
parliament
  • Parliament of England
short title
  • Conventicle Act 1664
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  • Repealed
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  • The Conventicle Act 1664 was an Act of the Parliament of England (16 Charles II c. 4) that forbade conventicles, defined as religious assemblies of more than five people other than an immediate family, outside the auspices of the Church of England. This law was a part of the Clarendon Code, named after Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, which aimed to discourage nonconformism and to strengthen the position of the Established Church. However the Clarendon Code was not actually the work of Clarendon himself, who favoured a policy of greater tolerance towards dissenters. These prohibitions led many, such as the Covenanters, to vacate their parishes rather than submit to the new Episcopal authorities. Just as the ministers left so too did the congregations, following their old pastors to sermons on the hillside. From small beginnings these field assemblies—or conventicles—were to grow into major problems of public order for the government. The operation of the Clarendon Code at least as far as Protestants were concerned was mitigated somewhat by Charles II's Royal Declaration of Indulgence in 1672, which suspended the execution of the Penal Laws and allowed a certain number of non-conformist chapels to be staffed and constructed, with the pastors subject to royal approval. The Conventicle Act was repealed in 1689.
  • Il Conventicle Act del 1664 è stata una legge del Parlamento inglese emanata con lo scopo di proibire la formazione di conventicole, ovvero di riunioni o assemblee a sfondo religioso composte da più di cinque persone e aventi per argomento professioni di fede al di fuori della chiesa anglicana. Esso è considerato parte del cosiddetto Clarendon Code, ovvero quella parte della legislazione anglosassone organizzata per volere del Conte Edward Hyde, I conte di Clarendon, che cercò tramite diversi interventi legislativi di rafforzare il ruolo della religione di Stato a scapito delle altre religioni non riconosciute. La prima e più immediata conseguenza di questa norma fu la manifestazione di protesta di tutti i religiosi dissidenti che iniziarono a disertare pubblicamente le loro nuove parrocchie ufficialmente riconosciute, per seguire i sermoni e le celebrazioni dei loro vecchi sacerdoti in luoghi all'aperto. La condanna prevista per chiunque venisse trovato in riunioni religiose non consentite era la prigione per tre mesi, o il pagamento di cinque pounds. La pena veniva raddoppiata la seconda volta, mentre alla terza condanna era prevista la deportazione oltreoceano e il pagamento di cento pounds.
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