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A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law. Some treaties, notably the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, provide internationally agreed-upon "schedules" of controlled substances, which have been incorporated into national laws; however, national laws usually significantly expand on these international conventions.

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  • Betäubungsmittel
  • Controlled substance
  • 管制药物
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  • Der Begriff Betäubungsmittel (BtM) stammt aus der Zeit zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Damit bezeichnete man damals die zur Betäubung starker Schmerzen verwendeten und als Arzneimittel eingestuften Stoffe wie Opium, Morphin und Kokain. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entfernten sich in Deutschland und der Schweiz durch die Betäubungsmittel-Gleichstellungsverordnungen die juristischen und medizinischen Bedeutungen des Begriffs Betäubungsmittel voneinander. In Österreich wird der international übliche Begriff Narcotic Drug hingegen mit Suchtgift respektive Suchtmittel übersetzt.
  • 管制藥物、管制藥品、管制藥(英語:Controlled medication、Controlled drugs)指的是一些受到特別法律(例如英國的《》、美國的《》,中華民國的《管制藥品管理條例》等)管制的處方藥。一般而言,管制藥品會包括精神藥品、麻醉藥品,或是濫用時可能會成癮的藥品,但在醫師處方下,依醫療用劑量使用,成癮可能性很低。另一個相近的名詞是管制物質(英語:Controlled substance),也是一些受到特別法律管制的藥物,但不一定是處方藥。 管制藥品若以適當的劑量,用在醫療用途上時,整體效果是有益的,但若誤用藥品,可能會對人造成傷害,為了避免這些藥物被誤用、被人非法取得、或是因被誤用而造成人員的傷害,因此管制藥物的製造、儲存、提供、散布及處方需受到法律管制。各國會依藥物的特性不同,給予不同的分級管理。未經過政府等官方機構的允許,私自散布管制藥品,可能會違反相關法律。 管制藥物若使(服)用劑量於「醫療用劑量範圍」(therapeutic dose)附近時,對於患者病情以及其生理結構之改善將有顯著幫助(在統計學上具有意義);但是當服用劑量遠超過「醫療用劑量範圍」時,持續下去,可能會讓腦部或身體逐漸對該藥物成分產生「生理」依賴性。
  • A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law. Some treaties, notably the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, provide internationally agreed-upon "schedules" of controlled substances, which have been incorporated into national laws; however, national laws usually significantly expand on these international conventions.
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  • Der Begriff Betäubungsmittel (BtM) stammt aus der Zeit zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Damit bezeichnete man damals die zur Betäubung starker Schmerzen verwendeten und als Arzneimittel eingestuften Stoffe wie Opium, Morphin und Kokain. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entfernten sich in Deutschland und der Schweiz durch die Betäubungsmittel-Gleichstellungsverordnungen die juristischen und medizinischen Bedeutungen des Begriffs Betäubungsmittel voneinander. In Österreich wird der international übliche Begriff Narcotic Drug hingegen mit Suchtgift respektive Suchtmittel übersetzt.
  • A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law. Some treaties, notably the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, provide internationally agreed-upon "schedules" of controlled substances, which have been incorporated into national laws; however, national laws usually significantly expand on these international conventions. Some precursor chemicals used for the production of illegal drugs are also controlled substances in many countries, even though they may lack the pharmacological effects of the drugs themselves. Substances are classified according to schedules and consist primarily of potentially psychoactive substances and anabolic steroids. The controlled substances do not include many prescription items such as antibiotics.
  • 管制藥物、管制藥品、管制藥(英語:Controlled medication、Controlled drugs)指的是一些受到特別法律(例如英國的《》、美國的《》,中華民國的《管制藥品管理條例》等)管制的處方藥。一般而言,管制藥品會包括精神藥品、麻醉藥品,或是濫用時可能會成癮的藥品,但在醫師處方下,依醫療用劑量使用,成癮可能性很低。另一個相近的名詞是管制物質(英語:Controlled substance),也是一些受到特別法律管制的藥物,但不一定是處方藥。 管制藥品若以適當的劑量,用在醫療用途上時,整體效果是有益的,但若誤用藥品,可能會對人造成傷害,為了避免這些藥物被誤用、被人非法取得、或是因被誤用而造成人員的傷害,因此管制藥物的製造、儲存、提供、散布及處方需受到法律管制。各國會依藥物的特性不同,給予不同的分級管理。未經過政府等官方機構的允許,私自散布管制藥品,可能會違反相關法律。 管制藥物若使(服)用劑量於「醫療用劑量範圍」(therapeutic dose)附近時,對於患者病情以及其生理結構之改善將有顯著幫助(在統計學上具有意義);但是當服用劑量遠超過「醫療用劑量範圍」時,持續下去,可能會讓腦部或身體逐漸對該藥物成分產生「生理」依賴性。
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