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The Briggs' Plan was a military plan devised by British General Sir Harold Briggs shortly after his appointment in 1950 as Director of Operations during the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). The plan aimed to defeat the Malayan communist guerrillas by cutting them off from their sources of support amongst the rural population. To achieve this a large programme of forced resettlement of Malayan peasantry was undertaken, under which about 500,000 people (roughly ten percent of Malaya's population) were forcefully removed from their land and imprisoned in internment camps called "New Villages". During the Emergency there were over 400 of these guarded camps. Furthermore, 10,000 Malaysian Chinese people suspected of being communist sympathisers were deported to mainland China by 1949 where many w

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  • Briggs' Plan
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  • The Briggs' Plan was a military plan devised by British General Sir Harold Briggs shortly after his appointment in 1950 as Director of Operations during the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). The plan aimed to defeat the Malayan communist guerrillas by cutting them off from their sources of support amongst the rural population. To achieve this a large programme of forced resettlement of Malayan peasantry was undertaken, under which about 500,000 people (roughly ten percent of Malaya's population) were forcefully removed from their land and imprisoned in internment camps called "New Villages". During the Emergency there were over 400 of these guarded camps. Furthermore, 10,000 Malaysian Chinese people suspected of being communist sympathisers were deported to mainland China by 1949 where many w
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  • The Briggs' Plan was a military plan devised by British General Sir Harold Briggs shortly after his appointment in 1950 as Director of Operations during the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). The plan aimed to defeat the Malayan communist guerrillas by cutting them off from their sources of support amongst the rural population. To achieve this a large programme of forced resettlement of Malayan peasantry was undertaken, under which about 500,000 people (roughly ten percent of Malaya's population) were forcefully removed from their land and imprisoned in internment camps called "New Villages". During the Emergency there were over 400 of these guarded camps. Furthermore, 10,000 Malaysian Chinese people suspected of being communist sympathisers were deported to mainland China by 1949 where many were then executed. The Malayan aboriginals, the Orang Asli, were also targeted for forced relocation by the Briggs' Plan because the British believing that they were supporting the communists. Many of the practices necessary for the Briggs' Plan were prohibited by the Geneva Conventions and customary international law which stated that the destruction of property must not happen unless rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.
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