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Autarchoglossa is a clade (evolutionary grouping) of squamates that includes skinks, anguimorphs, snakes, and relatives. Autarchoglossa is supported as a monophyletic grouping (i.e. a valid clade) by morphological features in living and extinct lizards and snakes.

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  • Autarchoglossa
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  • Autarchoglossa is a clade (evolutionary grouping) of squamates that includes skinks, anguimorphs, snakes, and relatives. Autarchoglossa is supported as a monophyletic grouping (i.e. a valid clade) by morphological features in living and extinct lizards and snakes.
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  • Wagler, 1830
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  • American five-lined skink
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  • Autarchoglossa
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  • Autarchoglossa is a clade (evolutionary grouping) of squamates that includes skinks, anguimorphs, snakes, and relatives. Autarchoglossa is supported as a monophyletic grouping (i.e. a valid clade) by morphological features in living and extinct lizards and snakes. Some phylogenetic analyses based on molecular features such as DNA sequences in living squamates do not support Autarchoglossa.The recent proposal of the Toxicofera clade places Iguania within Autarchoglossa, which is not supported by morphological analyses. Placing Iguania within Autarchoglossa may lead to confusion as Autarchoglossa means "free-tongued", and iguanians do not have this feature. To circumvent this, it has been proposed that Autarchoglossa be renamed to Unidentata (single egg-tooth, a feature both groups share) and be redefined to include Iguania.The following are families classified within Autarchoglossa (excluding Iguania):Anguidae Gray, 1825 – alligator lizards, anguids, galliwasps, glass lizardsAnniellidae Nopcsa 1928 – legless lizardsCordylidae Mertens, 1937 – girdle-tailed lizardsGerrhosauridae Fitzinger, 1843 - plated lizardsGymnophthalmidae Merrem, 1820 - spectacled lizardsHelodermatidae Gray, 1837 – beaded lizardsLacertidae Gray, 1825 – wall lizards, Old World racerunnersLanthanotidae Steindachner, 1877 – earless monitorsScincidae Gray, 1825 – skinksTeiidae Gray, 1827 – tegus, junglerunners, ground lizards, New World racerunners, whiptailsVaranidae Hardwicke & Gray, 1827 – monitorsXantusiidae Baird, 1858 – night lizardsXenosauridae Cope, 1866 - knob-scaled lizards
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