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The articular processes or zygapophyses (Greek ζυγον = "yoke" (because it links two vertebrae) + απο = "away" + φυσις = "") of a vertebra, are projections of the vertebra that serve the purpose of fitting with an adjacent vertebra. The actual region of contact is called the articular facet. Articular processes spring from the junctions of the pedicles and laminæ, and there are two right and left, and two superior and inferior. These stick out of an end of a vertebra to lock with a zygapophysis on the next vertebra, to make the backbone more stable.

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  • Articular processes
  • Zygapophyse
  • Processo articolare
  • 관절돌기
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  • I processi articolari (zigapofisi) di una vertebra, due superiori e due inferiori, originano dalla unione dei peduncoli vertebrali e delle lamine vertebrali. * I processi superiori si protendono in alto da una vertebra inferiore, e le loro superfici articolari sono dirette più o meno all'indietro. * I processi inferiori si protendono in basso da una vertebra superiore, e le loro superfici articolari sono dirette più o meno in avanti e in fuori. Le superfici articolari sono cosparse di cartilagine ialina.
  • 관절돌기(關節突起, articular process)는 인체해부학에서 척추뼈의 척추뼈고리(arch)의 구조물로 척추뼈고리판(lamina)과 척추뼈고리뿌리(pedicle)가 만나는 위치에서 뻗어나오며, 위아래 1쌍씩 좌우에, 총 4개가 있다. 관절돌기는 척추뼈를 다음 척추뼈와 연결하는 역할을 하며, 척주를 안정적으로 유지한다. * 위관절돌기는 위로 뻗으며, 관절면은 뒤쪽 안쪽을 향한다. * 아래관절돌기는 아래로 뻗으며, 관절면은 앞쪽 바깥쪽을 향한다. 관절면을 구성하는 연골은 (hyaline cartilage)이다.
  • The articular processes or zygapophyses (Greek ζυγον = "yoke" (because it links two vertebrae) + απο = "away" + φυσις = "") of a vertebra, are projections of the vertebra that serve the purpose of fitting with an adjacent vertebra. The actual region of contact is called the articular facet. Articular processes spring from the junctions of the pedicles and laminæ, and there are two right and left, and two superior and inferior. These stick out of an end of a vertebra to lock with a zygapophysis on the next vertebra, to make the backbone more stable.
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  • Articular processes
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  • Articular processes
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  • A cervical vertebra.
  • A thoracic vertebra.
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  • Gray90.png
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  • Processus articularis inferior vertebrae,
  • processus articularis superior vertebrae
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  • The articular processes or zygapophyses (Greek ζυγον = "yoke" (because it links two vertebrae) + απο = "away" + φυσις = "") of a vertebra, are projections of the vertebra that serve the purpose of fitting with an adjacent vertebra. The actual region of contact is called the articular facet. Articular processes spring from the junctions of the pedicles and laminæ, and there are two right and left, and two superior and inferior. These stick out of an end of a vertebra to lock with a zygapophysis on the next vertebra, to make the backbone more stable. * The superior processes or prezygapophysis project upward from a lower vertebra, and their articular surfaces are directed more or less backward (oblique coronal plane). * The inferior processes or postzygapophysis project downward from a higher vertebra, and their articular surfaces are directed more or less forward and outward. The articular surfaces are coated with hyaline cartilage. In the cervical vertebral column, the articular processes collectively form the articular pillars. These are the bony surfaces palpated just lateral to the spinous processes.
  • I processi articolari (zigapofisi) di una vertebra, due superiori e due inferiori, originano dalla unione dei peduncoli vertebrali e delle lamine vertebrali. * I processi superiori si protendono in alto da una vertebra inferiore, e le loro superfici articolari sono dirette più o meno all'indietro. * I processi inferiori si protendono in basso da una vertebra superiore, e le loro superfici articolari sono dirette più o meno in avanti e in fuori. Le superfici articolari sono cosparse di cartilagine ialina.
  • 관절돌기(關節突起, articular process)는 인체해부학에서 척추뼈의 척추뼈고리(arch)의 구조물로 척추뼈고리판(lamina)과 척추뼈고리뿌리(pedicle)가 만나는 위치에서 뻗어나오며, 위아래 1쌍씩 좌우에, 총 4개가 있다. 관절돌기는 척추뼈를 다음 척추뼈와 연결하는 역할을 하며, 척주를 안정적으로 유지한다. * 위관절돌기는 위로 뻗으며, 관절면은 뒤쪽 안쪽을 향한다. * 아래관절돌기는 아래로 뻗으며, 관절면은 앞쪽 바깥쪽을 향한다. 관절면을 구성하는 연골은 (hyaline cartilage)이다.
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