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Alcohol, sometimes referred to by the chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive drug that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor). It is one of the oldest and most common recreational substances, causing the characteristic effects of alcohol intoxication ("drunkenness"). Among other effects, alcohol produces happiness and euphoria, decreased anxiety, increased sociability, sedation, impairment of cognitive, memory, motor, and sensory function, and generalized depression of central nervous system function. Ethanol is only one of several types of alcohol, but it is the only type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages or commonly used for recreational purposes; other alcohols such as methanol and isopropyl alcohol are significantly mo

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  • كحول (مخدر)
  • Alcohol (drug)
  • 乙醇 (藥物)
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  • Alcohol, sometimes referred to by the chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive drug that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor). It is one of the oldest and most common recreational substances, causing the characteristic effects of alcohol intoxication ("drunkenness"). Among other effects, alcohol produces happiness and euphoria, decreased anxiety, increased sociability, sedation, impairment of cognitive, memory, motor, and sensory function, and generalized depression of central nervous system function. Ethanol is only one of several types of alcohol, but it is the only type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages or commonly used for recreational purposes; other alcohols such as methanol and isopropyl alcohol are significantly mo
  • 酒精(英語:Alcohol),有時會用其化學名稱“乙醇”來稱呼,是種精神藥物,是啤酒、葡萄酒、和烈酒(蒸餾酒)等酒精飲料中的活性成分。它是最古老和最常見的娛樂性藥物之一,會造成酒精中毒(“醉酒”)的特定影響。在各種作用中,酒精會產生幸福和欣快、減少焦慮,增加、,而認知、記憶、運動、和感覺系統功能會受損,以及中樞神經系統功能受到全面抑制。乙醇只是幾種醇類中的一種,但它是唯一存在酒精飲料中,或是常用於娛樂目的的醇類;其他醇類,如甲醇和異丙醇,具有很高的毒性。 輕度、短暫接觸異丙醇,其毒性僅比乙醇稍高,還不至於造成任何嚴重傷害。但甲醇的毒性比乙醇高甚多,只要攝入10-15毫升(2-3茶匙)就會致命。 攝取酒精有多種短期和長期的不良影響。短期的影響包括神經認知功能的全面損害、頭暈、噁心、嘔吐、以及宿醉類症狀。酒精會讓人成癮,並可能導致酒精使用疾患、酒精依賴、和酒精戒斷症候群。它會產生多種長期健康上的負面影響,例如肝損傷和大腦損傷飲酒與導致癌症有關聯。過量或是頻繁的攝取酒精,對健康的不利影響更為嚴重。然而,即使輕度或是中度飲酒,也可能讓某些癌症發生的風險增加。大量飲酒會導致意識喪失,嚴重時甚至會導致死亡。
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  • Alcohol, Ethanol
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  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Ethanol-2D-skeletal.svg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Ethanol-3D-balls.png
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Ethanol-3D-vdW.png
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/HarmCausedByDrugsTable.svg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Symptoms_of_BAC,_0.02�o_0.50�oncentration.svg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Rational_harm_assessment_of_drugs_radar_plot.svg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Stomach_mucosal_layer_labeled.svg
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