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The Afghan tribal revolts of 1944–1947 or the Khost disturbances were a series of tribal revolts in the Kingdom of Afghanistan by Zadran, Safi and Mangal tribesmen which lasted from February 1944 to January 1947. The causes of the revolts laid in the worsening conditions of farmers, changes in conscription laws, the elimination of the power of Safi tribal leaders, Amanullah loyalism, trading monopolies, government surveillance, taxation, and poverty. The conflict began when government forces clashed with the forces of a tribal leader named Mazrak, who led the Zadran tribe in revolt. The Zadran uprising was followed by additional uprisings by the Safi and Mangal, the former of which elected their own king, Salemai. Faqir Ipi, a tribal leader from Waziristan (then part of British India), als

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  • Afghan tribal revolts of 1944–1947
  • ثورات القبائل الأفغانية بين عامي 1944 و1947
  • Révoltes tribales afghanes de 1944-1947
  • Afghaanse stamopstanden van 1944–1945
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  • كانت ثورات القبائل الأفغانية بين عامي 1944 و1947 أو اضطرابات خوست عبارة عن سلسلة من الثورات القبلية في مملكة أفغانستان التي قامت من قِبل رجال قبائل زدران ومنغل وسافي الأفغانية، والتي استمرت من أبريل 1944 وحتى يناير 1947. تكمن أسباب قيام الثورات في تدهور أوضاع المزارعين، والتغييرات في قوانين التجنيد، والقضاء على سلطة زعماء قبائل سافي، والولاء لأمان الله خان، والاحتكارات التجارية، والمراقبة الحكومية، والضرائب، والفقر. بدأ الصراع عندما اشتبكت القوات الحكومية مع قوات زعيم قبلي يدعى مزراق، الذي قاد قبيلة زدران في الثورة. وأعقبت انتفاضة زدران انتفاضات إضافية من قبل سافي ومنغل، التي انتخبت ساليماي ملكًا لها.
  • The Afghan tribal revolts of 1944–1947 or the Khost disturbances were a series of tribal revolts in the Kingdom of Afghanistan by Zadran, Safi and Mangal tribesmen which lasted from February 1944 to January 1947. The causes of the revolts laid in the worsening conditions of farmers, changes in conscription laws, the elimination of the power of Safi tribal leaders, Amanullah loyalism, trading monopolies, government surveillance, taxation, and poverty. The conflict began when government forces clashed with the forces of a tribal leader named Mazrak, who led the Zadran tribe in revolt. The Zadran uprising was followed by additional uprisings by the Safi and Mangal, the former of which elected their own king, Salemai. Faqir Ipi, a tribal leader from Waziristan (then part of British India), als
  • Les révoltes tribales afghanes de 1944–1947 ou les troubles de Khost sont une série de révoltes tribales dans le royaume d'Afghanistan par les membres des tribus Pachtounes Zadran, Safi et Mangal qui s’échelonnèrent de février 1944 à janvier 1947. Les causes des révoltes reposaient sur l'aggravation des conditions des agriculteurs, les changements dans les lois de conscription, l'élimination du pouvoir des chefs tribaux de Safi, le loyalisme des Amanullah, les monopoles commerciaux, la surveillance gouvernementale, la fiscalité et la pauvreté. Le conflit débuta lorsque les forces gouvernementales s'affrontèrent avec les forces d'un chef de tribu nommé Mazrak, qui mena la tribu Zadran en révolte. Le soulèvement de Zadran fut suivi de soulèvements supplémentaires par les Safi et Mangal, dont
  • De Afghaanse stamopstanden van 1944–1945 waren een series van opstanden in het koninkrijk Afghanistan door Zadran, Mangal en Safi stamleden die plaatsvonden in 1944 en 1945. De oorzaken lagen in de verslechterende omstandigheden van boeren. Het conflict begon in 1944, toen de Afghaanse regering troepen naar de zuidelijke provincie stuurde om hun autoriteit in het gebied te herstellen, dat toen een paradijs was voor smokkelaars. De regeringstroepen werden aangevallen door een Zadiaanse hoofdman genaamd Mazarak, die werd gedwongen om zich terug te trekken in de heuvels na een tegenaanval van de Afghaanse regering op 22 april 1944. Op verzoek van de Afghaanse regering, nam de regering van Brits-Indië maatregelen om te voorkomen dat Waziri-stamleden Mazarak hielpen. Operaties tegen Mazarak gi
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  • Allied Nuristani and Shinwari tribesmen
  • Rebel tribes: * Zadran * Safi * Mangal
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  • Afghan tribal revolts of 1944–1947
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  • Afghan tribal revolts of 1944–1947
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