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An affirmative defense to a civil lawsuit or criminal charge is a fact or set of facts other than those alleged by the plaintiff or prosecutor which, if proven by the defendant, defeats or mitigates the legal consequences of the defendant's otherwise unlawful conduct. In civil lawsuits, affirmative defenses include the statute of limitations, the statute of frauds, waiver, and other affirmative defenses such as, in the United States, those listed in Rule 8 (c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In criminal prosecutions, examples of affirmative defenses are self defense, insanity, and the statute of limitations.

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  • Affirmative defense
  • 阻卻違法
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  • An affirmative defense to a civil lawsuit or criminal charge is a fact or set of facts other than those alleged by the plaintiff or prosecutor which, if proven by the defendant, defeats or mitigates the legal consequences of the defendant's otherwise unlawful conduct. In civil lawsuits, affirmative defenses include the statute of limitations, the statute of frauds, waiver, and other affirmative defenses such as, in the United States, those listed in Rule 8 (c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In criminal prosecutions, examples of affirmative defenses are self defense, insanity, and the statute of limitations.
  • 阻卻違法(affirmative defense、積極抗辯、確認的抗辯、肯定性答辯)在民事訴訟或刑事的指控,是除了原告人或檢察官所指稱的事實外;如果還有一組事實,經過被告證明,結果原告人或檢察官的告訴失敗、或者減輕了被告的非法行為之法律罪責的抗辯謂之。在民事訴訟中,阻卻違法包括:、,及其它的阻卻違法事項;諸如美國联邦民事诉讼程序第8(c)條所列的消滅時效。 在刑事訴訟法中,阻卻違法的例子則是正当防卫,精神障碍辩护,以及消滅時效等。
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  • An affirmative defense to a civil lawsuit or criminal charge is a fact or set of facts other than those alleged by the plaintiff or prosecutor which, if proven by the defendant, defeats or mitigates the legal consequences of the defendant's otherwise unlawful conduct. In civil lawsuits, affirmative defenses include the statute of limitations, the statute of frauds, waiver, and other affirmative defenses such as, in the United States, those listed in Rule 8 (c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In criminal prosecutions, examples of affirmative defenses are self defense, insanity, and the statute of limitations.
  • 阻卻違法(affirmative defense、積極抗辯、確認的抗辯、肯定性答辯)在民事訴訟或刑事的指控,是除了原告人或檢察官所指稱的事實外;如果還有一組事實,經過被告證明,結果原告人或檢察官的告訴失敗、或者減輕了被告的非法行為之法律罪責的抗辯謂之。在民事訴訟中,阻卻違法包括:、,及其它的阻卻違法事項;諸如美國联邦民事诉讼程序第8(c)條所列的消滅時效。 在刑事訴訟法中,阻卻違法的例子則是正当防卫,精神障碍辩护,以及消滅時效等。
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