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The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. This earthquake was associated with the largest observed movement on a strike-slip fault, maximum 18 metres (59 ft). It has been suggested that the surface rupture formed by this event helped influence Charles Lyell to link earthquakes with rapid movement on faults.

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  • Wairarapa-Erdbeben von 1855
  • 1855 Wairarapa earthquake
  • Землетрясение в Уаирарапа (1855)
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  • The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. This earthquake was associated with the largest observed movement on a strike-slip fault, maximum 18 metres (59 ft). It has been suggested that the surface rupture formed by this event helped influence Charles Lyell to link earthquakes with rapid movement on faults.
  • Землетрясение в Уаирарапа произошло в Новой Зеландии 23 января 1855 года около 9 часов вечера по местному времени. В Веллингтоне, расположенном неподалёку от эпицентра землетрясения, подземные толчки ощущались на протяжении как минимум 50 секунд. Магнитуда землетрясения составила 8,1 — 8,3. Землетрясение стало мощнейшим за всю историю систематических наблюдений в Новой Зеландии, ведущихся с начала европейской колонизации в 1840 году. Это землетрясение послужило причиной наибольшего из наблюдавшихся смещений горных пород в сдвиговом сбросе, на некоторых участках величиной до 18 метров. Разрушения на поверхности земли и трещины, возникшие во время землетрясения, помогли Чарльзу Лайелю установить связь между землетрясениями и быстрыми перемещениями горных пород в геологических разломах.
  • Das Wairarapa-Erdbeben von 1855 war für Wellington in Neuseeland das bisher folgenschwerste Erdbeben und wird auf Grund der Nähe des Epizentrums und der Auswirkungen des Bebens auf die Stadt häufig auch als Wellington-Erdbeben bezeichnet. Auch wird das Erdbeben als das bisher schwerste Erdbeben in der Geschichte Neuseelands seit Beginn der Aufzeichnungen im Jahre 1840 bezeichnet, und dies, obwohl der Verlust an Menschenleben mit Abstand geringer war als beim Hawke’s-Bay-Erdbeben von 1931.
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