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Social forestry is the management and protection of forests and afforestation of barren and deforested lands with the purpose of helping environmental, social and rural development. The term social forestry was first used in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, when the government of India aimed to reduce pressure on forests by planting trees on all unused and fallow lands. It was intended as a democratic approach to forest conservation and usage, maximizing land utilization for multiple purposes.

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  • الحراجة الاجتماعية في الهند
  • Social forestry in India
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  • الحراجة الاجتماعية هي إدارة وحماية الغابات، وتشجير الأراضي الجرداء التي أزيلت منها الأشجار بهدف المساعدة في التنمية البيئية والاجتماعية والريفية. استُخدم مصطلح الحراجة الاجتماعية لأول مرة في عام 1976 من قبل الهيئة الوطنية للزراعة في الحكومة الهندية. ثم بدأت الهند مشروع الحراجة الاجتماعية بهدف تخفيف الضغط عن الغابات الموجودة عن طريق زراعة أشجار في جميع الأراضي غير المستخدمة أو التي تُركت في وضع الراحة. الحراجة الاجتماعية هي بشكل أساسي نهج «للشعب، وبواسطة الشعب، ومن الشعب». ولذلك فهي نهج ديمقراطي لحفظ واستخدام الغابات.
  • Social forestry is the management and protection of forests and afforestation of barren and deforested lands with the purpose of helping environmental, social and rural development. The term social forestry was first used in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, when the government of India aimed to reduce pressure on forests by planting trees on all unused and fallow lands. It was intended as a democratic approach to forest conservation and usage, maximizing land utilization for multiple purposes.
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  • الحراجة الاجتماعية هي إدارة وحماية الغابات، وتشجير الأراضي الجرداء التي أزيلت منها الأشجار بهدف المساعدة في التنمية البيئية والاجتماعية والريفية. استُخدم مصطلح الحراجة الاجتماعية لأول مرة في عام 1976 من قبل الهيئة الوطنية للزراعة في الحكومة الهندية. ثم بدأت الهند مشروع الحراجة الاجتماعية بهدف تخفيف الضغط عن الغابات الموجودة عن طريق زراعة أشجار في جميع الأراضي غير المستخدمة أو التي تُركت في وضع الراحة. الحراجة الاجتماعية هي بشكل أساسي نهج «للشعب، وبواسطة الشعب، ومن الشعب». ولذلك فهي نهج ديمقراطي لحفظ واستخدام الغابات.
  • Social forestry is the management and protection of forests and afforestation of barren and deforested lands with the purpose of helping environmental, social and rural development. The term social forestry was first used in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, when the government of India aimed to reduce pressure on forests by planting trees on all unused and fallow lands. It was intended as a democratic approach to forest conservation and usage, maximizing land utilization for multiple purposes. The Indian government attempted to expand forest areas which were close to human settlements and which had degraded due to human activities. Trees were planted along railway lines, roadsides, rivers and canal banks, in village common land, government wasteland, and panchayat land, and were to be planted in and around agricultural fields. Among the goals were to increase fuel availability in rural areas and to prevent soil erosion. This program was a failure due to the lack of governance, and management was delegated to the village panchayats (village councils).
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