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Wendy Carlos (op 14 november 1939 als Walter Carlos te Pawthucket (Rhode Island) geboren) is een Amerikaanse componiste en muzikante. Carlos is vooral bekend vanwege haar pionierswerk op het gebied van elektronische muziek en synthesizers en de soundtrack van A Clockwork Orange. Wendy Carlos, née Walter Carlos le 14 novembre 1939 à Pawtucket au Rhode Island, est une compositrice et interprète de musique électronique américaine. ウェンディ・カルロス(Wendy Carlos、1939年11月14日 - )は、アメリカの作曲家、シンセサイザー奏者。元の名前はウォルター(Walter)で、1980年に男性であったが女性に性転換したことに伴いウェンディと改名した。ブラウン大学で音楽を学び、コロンビア大学で作曲の修士号を取得した。 1968年に実質デビュー作となった「スウィッチト・オン・バッハ」ではモーグ・シンセサイザーを駆使したバッハ作品の演奏で、グレン・グールドも絶賛し、新しいバッハ演奏の規範として一世を風靡した。さらに「スウィッチト・オン・バロック」、「スウィッチト・オン・ベートーベン」を出し、シンセサイザーを用いた最初期の作品としてこのアルバムが及ぼした影響は大きく、冨田勲はシンセサイザーを購入し一連のオリジナル・アルバムを制作。また高橋悠治によるシンセサイザー版のバッハの『フーガの技法』から、アニメ『スペースコブラ』におけるBGMのオルガン演奏にまで影響を与えたとされている。 また、映画『時計じかけのオレンジ』や『シャイニング』、『トロン』における音楽も担当した。 商業的な成功とは別に、新しい音律や微分音への興味も高く、様々な試行の末、「α・スケール」「β・スケール」「γ・スケール」と名づけられる3つの特殊な調律の音階を考案した。 Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos; November 14, 1939) is an American composer and keyboardist best known for her electronic music and film scores. Born and raised in Rhode Island, Carlos studied physics and music at Brown University before moving to New York City in 1962 to study music composition at Columbia University. Studying and working with various electronic musicians and technicians at the city's Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, she oversaw the development of the Moog synthesizer, then a relatively new and unknown keyboard instrument designed by Robert Moog. Wendy Carlos (ur. 14 listopada 1939 jako Walter Carlos w Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA) – amerykańska kompozytorka i wirtuozka muzyki elektronicznej. Wendy Carlos (nacida como Walter Carlos el 14 de noviembre de 1939 en Pawtucket, Rhode Island, EE. UU.) es una compositora de música electrónica estadounidense. Carlos fue una de las primeras intérpretes famosas de música electrónica que usaron sintetizadores. È tra i primi interpreti e compositori di musica elettronica ad aver usato il sintetizzatore moog (fin da prima del cambio di sesso, col nome di Walter). Wendy Carlos (* 14. November 1939 als Walter Carlos in Pawtucket, Rhode Island) ist eine US-amerikanische Komponistin und Elektronikmusikerin. Wendy Carlos (o nome anterior era Walter Carlos, 14 de novembro de 1939 em Rhode Island) é uma compositora e musicista de música eletrônica dos Estados Unidos, uma das primeiras artistas de música eletrônica a utilizar sintetizadores. 温迪·卡洛斯(英语:Wendy Carlos,1939年11月14日-),舊名沃尔特·卡洛斯(Walter Carlos),原為男性,经过变性手术改变性别為女性,出生于美国罗德岛州波塔基特市。就读于布朗大学,研究方向在音乐与物理交叉学科。获哥伦比亚大学音乐作曲方向硕士学位。世界著名作曲家,电子音乐先驱及大师级人物,也是电子合成器的主要革新者和推广者之一。主要工作及成就集中于电子音乐创作和电影配乐创作等方面,并在电声技术创新和理论研究方面做出突出贡献。代表作品包括《Switched-on Bach》、《Beauty in the Beast》以及《A Clockwork Orange》、《The Shining》等电影的配乐。同时她在日食摄影、天文学、视觉艺术、地图制作等方面有所涉猎。
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American composer and electronic musician
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Walter Walter Carlos
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È tra i primi interpreti e compositori di musica elettronica ad aver usato il sintetizzatore moog (fin da prima del cambio di sesso, col nome di Walter). Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos; November 14, 1939) is an American composer and keyboardist best known for her electronic music and film scores. Born and raised in Rhode Island, Carlos studied physics and music at Brown University before moving to New York City in 1962 to study music composition at Columbia University. Studying and working with various electronic musicians and technicians at the city's Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, she oversaw the development of the Moog synthesizer, then a relatively new and unknown keyboard instrument designed by Robert Moog. Carlos came to prominence with Switched-On Bach (1968), an album of music by Johann Sebastian Bach performed on a Moog synthesizer which helped popularize its use in the 1970s and won her three Grammy Awards. Its commercial success led to several more keyboard albums from Carlos of varying genres including further synthesized classical music adaptations and experimental and ambient music. She composed the score to two Stanley Kubrick films, A Clockwork Orange (1971) and The Shining (1980), and Tron (1982) for Walt Disney Productions. In 1979, Carlos was one of the first public figures to disclose that they had undergone gender reassignment surgery. Wendy Carlos (nacida como Walter Carlos el 14 de noviembre de 1939 en Pawtucket, Rhode Island, EE. UU.) es una compositora de música electrónica estadounidense. Carlos fue una de las primeras intérpretes famosas de música electrónica que usaron sintetizadores. 温迪·卡洛斯(英语:Wendy Carlos,1939年11月14日-),舊名沃尔特·卡洛斯(Walter Carlos),原為男性,经过变性手术改变性别為女性,出生于美国罗德岛州波塔基特市。就读于布朗大学,研究方向在音乐与物理交叉学科。获哥伦比亚大学音乐作曲方向硕士学位。世界著名作曲家,电子音乐先驱及大师级人物,也是电子合成器的主要革新者和推广者之一。主要工作及成就集中于电子音乐创作和电影配乐创作等方面,并在电声技术创新和理论研究方面做出突出贡献。代表作品包括《Switched-on Bach》、《Beauty in the Beast》以及《A Clockwork Orange》、《The Shining》等电影的配乐。同时她在日食摄影、天文学、视觉艺术、地图制作等方面有所涉猎。 Wendy Carlos (* 14. November 1939 als Walter Carlos in Pawtucket, Rhode Island) ist eine US-amerikanische Komponistin und Elektronikmusikerin. Wendy Carlos (o nome anterior era Walter Carlos, 14 de novembro de 1939 em Rhode Island) é uma compositora e musicista de música eletrônica dos Estados Unidos, uma das primeiras artistas de música eletrônica a utilizar sintetizadores. Wendy Carlos (ur. 14 listopada 1939 jako Walter Carlos w Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA) – amerykańska kompozytorka i wirtuozka muzyki elektronicznej. Wendy Carlos (op 14 november 1939 als Walter Carlos te Pawthucket (Rhode Island) geboren) is een Amerikaanse componiste en muzikante. Carlos is vooral bekend vanwege haar pionierswerk op het gebied van elektronische muziek en synthesizers en de soundtrack van A Clockwork Orange. Wendy Carlos, née Walter Carlos le 14 novembre 1939 à Pawtucket au Rhode Island, est une compositrice et interprète de musique électronique américaine. ウェンディ・カルロス(Wendy Carlos、1939年11月14日 - )は、アメリカの作曲家、シンセサイザー奏者。元の名前はウォルター(Walter)で、1980年に男性であったが女性に性転換したことに伴いウェンディと改名した。ブラウン大学で音楽を学び、コロンビア大学で作曲の修士号を取得した。 1968年に実質デビュー作となった「スウィッチト・オン・バッハ」ではモーグ・シンセサイザーを駆使したバッハ作品の演奏で、グレン・グールドも絶賛し、新しいバッハ演奏の規範として一世を風靡した。さらに「スウィッチト・オン・バロック」、「スウィッチト・オン・ベートーベン」を出し、シンセサイザーを用いた最初期の作品としてこのアルバムが及ぼした影響は大きく、冨田勲はシンセサイザーを購入し一連のオリジナル・アルバムを制作。また高橋悠治によるシンセサイザー版のバッハの『フーガの技法』から、アニメ『スペースコブラ』におけるBGMのオルガン演奏にまで影響を与えたとされている。 また、映画『時計じかけのオレンジ』や『シャイニング』、『トロン』における音楽も担当した。 商業的な成功とは別に、新しい音律や微分音への興味も高く、様々な試行の末、「α・スケール」「β・スケール」「γ・スケール」と名づけられる3つの特殊な調律の音階を考案した。
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