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Irlandia República da Irlanda Republic of Ireland Irlande (pays) جمهورية أيرلندا Ierland (land) 爱尔兰共和国 Irlanda Irland Irlanda Ирландия アイルランド
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تشكل آيرلندا (بالأيرلندية: Éire) الجزء الأكبر (خمسة أسداس) من جزيرة أيرلندا. تقع الجزيرة في شمال شرق المحيط الأطلسي، محاذية لجزيرة بريطانيا. يفصلها عن بريطانيا كل من: بحر الشمال، البحر الأيرلندي، قنال سانت جورج والبحر الكلتي. أيرلندا الشمالية، التابعة للمملكة المتحدة، تكون الجزء الآخر الصغير من الجزيرة. تعرف في اللغة الغيلية "أير". كما تعرف ب"جزيرة الزمرد" لجمال ريفها الأخضر. Irlandia (irl. Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] wymowa; ang. Ireland wymowa) – państwo w Europie Zachodniej będące członkiem Unii Europejskiej. Zajmuje większość terytorium wyspy o tej samej nazwie. アイルランド(アイルランド語: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] 、英語: Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd])、またはアイルランド共和国(アイルランドきょうわこく、アイルランド語: Poblacht na hÉireann [ˈpˠɔbˠlˠaxt̪ˠ nˠa ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ])、英語: Republic of Ireland)は、北大西洋のアイルランド島に存在する立憲共和制国家である。北東に英国の北アイルランドと接する。首都はアイルランド島中東部の都市ダブリン。ナショナルカラーは緑。 独立時の経緯によりアイルランド島の北東部北アイルランド6州は英国を構成するが、アイルランド共和国は1998年のベルファスト合意以前は全島の領有権を主張していた。 2005年の英「エコノミスト」誌の調査では最も住みやすい国に選出されている。 Ierland (Iers: Éire, Engels: Ireland) is een Europees land dat ongeveer 80 procent van het gelijknamige eiland beslaat. De andere twintig procent van dit eiland bevat de staat Noord-Ierland, die tot het Verenigd Koninkrijk behoort. Om het land van dat eiland te onderscheiden wordt het vaak aangeduid als de Republiek Ierland (Iers: Poblacht na hÉireann, Engels: Republic of Ireland). Deze aanduiding heeft sinds 1949 de status van officiële beschrijving van het land. De officiële, protocollaire naam is echter, sinds 1937, kortweg Ierland. Irlanda (irlandés: Éire, [ˈeːɾʲə]; inglés: Ireland) es un país soberano, miembro de la Unión Europea, que ocupa la mayor parte de la isla homónima. Su capital es Dublín, situada al este de la isla. El país tiene una única frontera terrestre, con Irlanda del Norte, una de las naciones constitutivas del Reino Unido. La isla está rodeada por el océano Atlántico y tiene el mar Céltico al sur, el canal de San Jorge al sureste y el mar de Irlanda al este. Es una república parlamentaria con un presidente electo que ejerce de jefe de Estado. El jefe del gobierno, el Taoiseach, es nombrado por la Cámara Baja del Parlamento, la Dáil Éireann. 爱尔兰(愛爾蘭語:Éire),或稱愛爾蘭共和國(愛爾蘭語:Poblacht na hÉireann,英语:Republic of Ireland),是一个欧洲国家,欧盟成员国之一,位于欧洲西北海岸的爱尔兰岛,约占该岛南部的5/6面积。剩餘东北部的1/6面积属于英国,称北爱尔兰。首都位於愛爾蘭島東部的都柏林。愛爾蘭在2011年共計有458萬人口,是一個议会共和制國家。此外愛爾蘭也是歐洲聯盟、歐洲理事會、經濟合作與發展、世界貿易組織和聯合國組織的成員。 愛爾蘭共和國成立於1922年的愛爾蘭自由邦,結束了大英帝國的統治,獨立戰爭後簽訂了英愛條約,愛爾蘭獨立,但東北方的的領土选擇繼續留在聯合王國內,形成了北愛爾蘭。 (This article is about the sovereign state. For the revolutionary republic of 1919–1922, see Irish Republic. For other uses, see Ireland (disambiguation).) Ireland (/ˈaɪərlənd/; Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ), also described as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel to the south-east and the Irish S Irland ([ˈɪʁlant], amtlicher deutscher Name; irisch Éire [ˈeːrʲə] anhören?/i, englisch Ireland) ist ein Inselstaat in Westeuropa, der etwa fünf Sechstel der gleichnamigen Insel umfasst. Hauptstadt und größte Stadt des Landes ist Dublin, gelegen im östlichen Teil des Landes. In der Metropolregion Dublins lebt etwa ein Drittel der 4,6 Millionen Einwohner des Landes. Es grenzt im Norden an Nordirland und damit an das Vereinigte Königreich. Im Osten liegt die Irische See, im Westen und Süden ist das Land vom Atlantik umgeben. Irland ist seit 1973 Mitglied der Europäischen Union. Der Großteil der Bevölkerung bekennt sich zum römisch-katholischen Glauben. L’Irlande (en irlandais Éire [ˈeːrʲə] et en anglais Ireland) est un pays d'Europe de l'Ouest, membre de l'Union européenne depuis 1973. C'est une république qui s'étend sur 26 des 32 comtés historiques de l'île d'Irlande qu'elle partage avec l'Irlande du Nord (les six comtés restants), restée partie constitutive du Royaume-Uni. La république d'Irlande revendique son identité celtique, si bien que, sur le plan culturel, elle représente habituellement l'île d'Irlande considérée comme l'une des six « nations celtiques ». République d'Irlande (en irlandais Poblacht na hÉireann et en anglais Republic of Ireland), n'est qu'un nom d'usage et non sa dénomination officielle. A Irlanda (em irlandês: Éire; [ˈeːɾʲə] e em inglês: Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd], localmente: [ˈaːɹlənd] ou [ˈaɪɹlənd]), por vezes chamada (de maneira não oficial, para diferenciá-la da ilha de mesmo nome, que divide com a Irlanda do Norte) República da Irlanda (em irlandês: Poblacht na hÉireann e em inglês: Republic of Ireland) ou então Eire, é um Estado soberano da Europa que ocupa cerca de cinco sextos da ilha homônima. É uma república constitucional governada como uma democracia parlamentar, com um presidente eleito para servir como chefe de Estado. Considerada um país desenvolvido, a Irlanda tem o décimo primeiro maior Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) do mundo, além de ótimas classificações em índices que medem o grau de democracia e liberdades como a de imprensa, econômica Ирла́ндия, Респу́блика Ирла́ндия (ирл. Éire [ˈeːɾʲə], Poblacht na hÉireann; англ. Ireland, Republic of Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd], местн. [ˈaɾlənd]) — государство в Северной Европе, занимающее бо́льшую часть острова Ирландия. На севере граничит с Северной Ирландией (частью Соединённого Королевством). Площадь — 70,2 тыс. км². Название страны происходит от ирл. Éire — государство. Столица — город Дублин, в котором проживает около четверти населения всей страны (1,4 млн человек).
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Ierland (Iers: Éire, Engels: Ireland) is een Europees land dat ongeveer 80 procent van het gelijknamige eiland beslaat. De andere twintig procent van dit eiland bevat de staat Noord-Ierland, die tot het Verenigd Koninkrijk behoort. Om het land van dat eiland te onderscheiden wordt het vaak aangeduid als de Republiek Ierland (Iers: Poblacht na hÉireann, Engels: Republic of Ireland). Deze aanduiding heeft sinds 1949 de status van officiële beschrijving van het land. De officiële, protocollaire naam is echter, sinds 1937, kortweg Ierland. Het land telt 4.892.305 (2015) inwoners op een oppervlakte van 69.825 km². In het noordoosten grenst de republiek aan Noord-Ierland, een deel van het Verenigd Koninkrijk, in het westen aan de Atlantische Oceaan, in het oosten aan de Ierse Zee en in het zuiden en zuidoosten aan de Keltische Zee en het Sint-Georgekanaal. Het nationale symbool van Ierland is een Keltische harp, die ook op de Ierse euromunten afgebeeld staat. Maar ook wordt vaak de klaver (shamrock) gebruikt als nationaal symbool, onder meer door het nationale rugbyteam. Ирла́ндия, Респу́блика Ирла́ндия (ирл. Éire [ˈeːɾʲə], Poblacht na hÉireann; англ. Ireland, Republic of Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd], местн. [ˈaɾlənd]) — государство в Северной Европе, занимающее бо́льшую часть острова Ирландия. На севере граничит с Северной Ирландией (частью Соединённого Королевством). Площадь — 70,2 тыс. км². Название страны происходит от ирл. Éire — государство. Столица — город Дублин, в котором проживает около четверти населения всей страны (1,4 млн человек). Член организаций: Совета Европы (с 1949), ООН (с 1955), ОЭСР (с 1960), Европейского союза (с 1973), Евратома (с 1973), Европейской валютной системы (с 1979). (This article is about the sovereign state. For the revolutionary republic of 1919–1922, see Irish Republic. For other uses, see Ireland (disambiguation).) Ireland (/ˈaɪərlənd/; Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ), also described as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel to the south-east and the Irish Sea to the east. It is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The legislature, the Oireachtas, consists of a lower house, Dáil Éireann, an upper house, Seanad Éireann, and an elected President (Uachtarán) who serves as the largely ceremonial head of state, but with some important powers and duties. The head of government is the Taoiseach (Prime Minister, literally 'Chief', a title not used in English), who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President, and appoints other government ministers. The state was created as the Irish Free State in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It had the status of dominion until 1937 when a new constitution was adopted, in which the state was named "Ireland" and effectively became a republic, with an elected non-executive president as head of state. It was officially declared a republic in 1949, following the Republic of Ireland Act 1948. Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955. It joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union, in 1973. The state had no formal relations with Northern Ireland for most of the twentieth century, but during the 1980s and 1990s the British and Irish governments worked with the Northern Ireland parties towards a resolution to "the Troubles". Since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, the Irish government and Northern Ireland Executive have co-operated on a number of policy areas under the North-South Ministerial Council created by the Agreement. Ireland ranks among the top twenty-five wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita, and as the tenth most prosperous country in the world according to The Legatum Prosperity Index 2015. After joining the EEC, Ireland enacted a series of liberal economic policies that resulted in rapid economic growth. The country achieved considerable prosperity between the years of 1995 and 2007, which became known as the Celtic Tiger period. This was halted by an unprecedented financial crisis that began in 2008, in conjunction with the concurrent global economic crash. However, as the Irish economy was the fastest growing in the EU in 2015, Ireland is again quickly ascending league tables comparing wealth and prosperity internationally. For example, in 2015, Ireland was ranked as the joint sixth (with Germany) most developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index. It also performs well in several national performance metrics, including freedom of the press, economic freedom and civil liberties. Ireland is a member of the European Union and is a founding member of the Council of Europe and the OECD. The Irish government has followed a policy of military neutrality through non-alignment since immediately prior to World War II and the country is consequently not a member of NATO, although it is a member in Partnership for Peace. A Irlanda (em irlandês: Éire; [ˈeːɾʲə] e em inglês: Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd], localmente: [ˈaːɹlənd] ou [ˈaɪɹlənd]), por vezes chamada (de maneira não oficial, para diferenciá-la da ilha de mesmo nome, que divide com a Irlanda do Norte) República da Irlanda (em irlandês: Poblacht na hÉireann e em inglês: Republic of Ireland) ou então Eire, é um Estado soberano da Europa que ocupa cerca de cinco sextos da ilha homônima. É uma república constitucional governada como uma democracia parlamentar, com um presidente eleito para servir como chefe de Estado. Considerada um país desenvolvido, a Irlanda tem o décimo primeiro maior Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) do mundo, além de ótimas classificações em índices que medem o grau de democracia e liberdades como a de imprensa, econômica e política. Além da União Europeia (UE), a Irlanda também é membro do Conselho da Europa, da Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE), da Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC) e da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU). Sua capital é Dublin e sua população é estimada em 4,58 milhões de habitantes. O Estado moderno irlandês foi fundado em 1922 como o Estado Livre Irlandês, um domínio dentro do Império Britânico, na sequência do Tratado Anglo-Irlandês que pôs fim à Guerra de Independência da Irlanda. A partição da Irlanda já havia sido prevista na legislação britânica anterior a 1921, como forma de resposta à oposição irlandesa ao Home Rule britânico ou aos movimentos de independência de unionistas, que formaram uma maioria na parte nordeste do país. Seis dos nove condados da província nortista do Ulster foram então estabelecidos como a Irlanda do Norte, uma parte do Reino Unido, com o qual o Estado irlandês divide a sua única fronteira terrestre. A Irlanda é cercada pelo Oceano Atlântico, com o mar Céltico ao sul, o Canal de São Jorge a sudeste e o Mar da Irlanda a leste. Em 1801, os reinos da Irlanda e da Grã-Bretanha, anteriormente em uma união pessoal, foram unidos para formar o Reino Unido da Grã-Bretanha e Irlanda. Após uma uma revolta fracassada em 1916, em 1919 os parlamentares nacionalistas irlandeses apoiaram a criação da República Irlandesa e formaram um parlamento separatista, enquanto o Exército Republicano Irlandês lançou uma guerra de guerrilha para realizar a independência. O Tratado Anglo-Irlandês de 1922 concluiu essa guerra e estabeleceu o Estado Livre da Irlanda como um domínio de auto-governado dentro da Commonwealth britânica. A Irlanda do Norte optou por permanecer como parte do Reino Unido. O estado independente aumentou a sua soberania através do Estatuto de Westminster, em 1931, e com a crise de abdicação de 1936. Uma nova constituição, em 1937, declarou um Estado soberano chamado Irlanda (Éire). O Ato da República da Irlanda proclamou a Irlanda como uma república em 1949, removendo os direitos remanescentes dos monarcas. O país, consequentemente, retirou-se da Commonwealth britânica. Apesar de atualmente estar entre os países mais ricos do mundo em termos de PIB per capita, a Irlanda foi uma das nações mais pobres na Europa enquanto esteve sob domínio do Reino Unido e durante décadas após a sua independência. O protecionismo econômico foi desmantelado no final dos anos 1950 e a Irlanda aderiu à Comunidade Econômica Europeia em 1973. O liberalismo econômico a partir do final dos anos 1980 em diante resultou em uma rápida expansão da economia do país, particularmente de 1995 a 2007, o que ficou conhecido como o período do Tigre Celta. Uma crise financeira sem precedentes a partir de 2008 terminou com esta era de rápido crescimento econômico. L’Irlande (en irlandais Éire [ˈeːrʲə] et en anglais Ireland) est un pays d'Europe de l'Ouest, membre de l'Union européenne depuis 1973. C'est une république qui s'étend sur 26 des 32 comtés historiques de l'île d'Irlande qu'elle partage avec l'Irlande du Nord (les six comtés restants), restée partie constitutive du Royaume-Uni. La république d'Irlande revendique son identité celtique, si bien que, sur le plan culturel, elle représente habituellement l'île d'Irlande considérée comme l'une des six « nations celtiques ». République d'Irlande (en irlandais Poblacht na hÉireann et en anglais Republic of Ireland), n'est qu'un nom d'usage et non sa dénomination officielle. Le symbole officiel du pays est la harpe celtique (qui figure sur les pièces d'euro), mais le trèfle irlandais est souvent utilisé comme autre symbole, notamment par l'équipe irlandaise de rugby. Adepte de la concurrence fiscale, de la déréglementation et considéré comme un paradis fiscal, le pays a connu une forte croissance depuis le début des années 1990 avant de subir l'explosion de la bulle spéculative immobilière et d'être l'un des plus touchés par la crise financière de 2007-2010. En 2010, son déficit public s'établissait à 32,4 % du PIB pour un taux de chômage supérieur à 14 % de la population active. Le pays a depuis renoué avec la croissance et le PIB a connu une croissance de 7,8 % en 2015, soit le niveau le plus élevé de l'Union européenne, un chiffre depuis révisé à 26,3 %, soit la croissance la plus élevée au monde. Irlanda (irlandés: Éire, [ˈeːɾʲə]; inglés: Ireland) es un país soberano, miembro de la Unión Europea, que ocupa la mayor parte de la isla homónima. Su capital es Dublín, situada al este de la isla. El país tiene una única frontera terrestre, con Irlanda del Norte, una de las naciones constitutivas del Reino Unido. La isla está rodeada por el océano Atlántico y tiene el mar Céltico al sur, el canal de San Jorge al sureste y el mar de Irlanda al este. Es una república parlamentaria con un presidente electo que ejerce de jefe de Estado. El jefe del gobierno, el Taoiseach, es nombrado por la Cámara Baja del Parlamento, la Dáil Éireann. El moderno Estado irlandés consiguió su independencia efectiva del Reino Unido en 1922, tras una guerra de independencia que acabó con la firma del Tratado anglo-irlandés, mientras que Irlanda del Norte optó por permanecer en el Reino Unido. Aunque en principio Irlanda fue un dominio dentro del Imperio británico, con el nombre de Estado Libre Irlandés, en 1931 se clarificó su completa independencia legislativa y en 1937 adoptó una nueva constitución y el nombre de Irlanda. En 1949 se eliminaron los deberes restantes de la figura del rey de Irlanda y el país se declaró una república. El Estado no tuvo relaciones formales con Irlanda del Norte durante la mayor parte del siglo xx, pero desde 1999 han cooperado en varias políticas en el marco del Consejo Ministerial Norte-Sur creado por el Acuerdo de Viernes Santo. A principios del siglo xx, las medidas económicas proteccionistas debilitaron la economía irlandesa y por ello fueron desmanteladas en los años 1950. Irlanda se unió a la Comunidad Económica Europea en 1973. El liberalismo económico desde finales de los años 1980 resultó en una rápida expansión económica, particularmente entre 1995 y 2007, etapa en que Irlanda fue conocida como el Tigre Celta. La República de Irlanda está en la actualidad entre los países más ricos del mundo en términos de renta per cápita. En 2008 comenzó una crisis financiera sin precedentes que, unida a la crisis económica mundial, puso fin a esta etapa de rápido crecimiento económico. En 2011 y 2013, Irlanda apareció en el séptimo lugar de las naciones más desarrolladas del mundo en el índice de desarrollo humano de las Naciones Unidas. Asimismo, la república irlandesa está en los puestos más altos en materia de libertad económica, política y de prensa. Actualmente, Irlanda es uno de los países fundadores del Consejo de Europa y de la OCDE. El país sigue una política de neutralidad y no alineación y por ello no es miembro de la OTAN, aunque sí participa en la Asociación para la Paz. アイルランド(アイルランド語: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] 、英語: Ireland [ˈaɪərlənd])、またはアイルランド共和国(アイルランドきょうわこく、アイルランド語: Poblacht na hÉireann [ˈpˠɔbˠlˠaxt̪ˠ nˠa ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ])、英語: Republic of Ireland)は、北大西洋のアイルランド島に存在する立憲共和制国家である。北東に英国の北アイルランドと接する。首都はアイルランド島中東部の都市ダブリン。ナショナルカラーは緑。 独立時の経緯によりアイルランド島の北東部北アイルランド6州は英国を構成するが、アイルランド共和国は1998年のベルファスト合意以前は全島の領有権を主張していた。 2005年の英「エコノミスト」誌の調査では最も住みやすい国に選出されている。 تشكل آيرلندا (بالأيرلندية: Éire) الجزء الأكبر (خمسة أسداس) من جزيرة أيرلندا. تقع الجزيرة في شمال شرق المحيط الأطلسي، محاذية لجزيرة بريطانيا. يفصلها عن بريطانيا كل من: بحر الشمال، البحر الأيرلندي، قنال سانت جورج والبحر الكلتي. أيرلندا الشمالية، التابعة للمملكة المتحدة، تكون الجزء الآخر الصغير من الجزيرة. تعرف في اللغة الغيلية "أير". كما تعرف ب"جزيرة الزمرد" لجمال ريفها الأخضر. 爱尔兰(愛爾蘭語:Éire),或稱愛爾蘭共和國(愛爾蘭語:Poblacht na hÉireann,英语:Republic of Ireland),是一个欧洲国家,欧盟成员国之一,位于欧洲西北海岸的爱尔兰岛,约占该岛南部的5/6面积。剩餘东北部的1/6面积属于英国,称北爱尔兰。首都位於愛爾蘭島東部的都柏林。愛爾蘭在2011年共計有458萬人口,是一個议会共和制國家。此外愛爾蘭也是歐洲聯盟、歐洲理事會、經濟合作與發展、世界貿易組織和聯合國組織的成員。 愛爾蘭共和國成立於1922年的愛爾蘭自由邦,結束了大英帝國的統治,獨立戰爭後簽訂了英愛條約,愛爾蘭獨立,但東北方的的領土选擇繼續留在聯合王國內,形成了北愛爾蘭。 Irland ([ˈɪʁlant], amtlicher deutscher Name; irisch Éire [ˈeːrʲə] anhören?/i, englisch Ireland) ist ein Inselstaat in Westeuropa, der etwa fünf Sechstel der gleichnamigen Insel umfasst. Hauptstadt und größte Stadt des Landes ist Dublin, gelegen im östlichen Teil des Landes. In der Metropolregion Dublins lebt etwa ein Drittel der 4,6 Millionen Einwohner des Landes. Es grenzt im Norden an Nordirland und damit an das Vereinigte Königreich. Im Osten liegt die Irische See, im Westen und Süden ist das Land vom Atlantik umgeben. Irland ist seit 1973 Mitglied der Europäischen Union. Der Großteil der Bevölkerung bekennt sich zum römisch-katholischen Glauben. Irlandia (irl. Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] wymowa; ang. Ireland wymowa) – państwo w Europie Zachodniej będące członkiem Unii Europejskiej. Zajmuje większość terytorium wyspy o tej samej nazwie.
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#Geography
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Article 4 of the Constitution of Ireland declares that the name of the state is Ireland; Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".
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The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
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[[#Languages
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Articles related to the Republic of Ireland Portals to the World Religion in the Republic of Ireland
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​
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