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Forensik Forensic science 法科学 Forensisch onderzoek Science forensique Scienza forense 法医学 علم الأدلة الجنائية Ciência forense
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Forensisch onderzoek of forensische wetenschap is sporenonderzoek dat gedaan wordt ten behoeve van het strafrechtelijk onderzoek. علم الأدلة الجنائية هو مصطلح عام يشمل المناحي العلمية والتقنية المتبعة بأسلوب منهجي علمي لجمع الأدلة وفحص المعلومات التي تقود في علم الجريمة إلى معرفة سبب وقوع الحادثة. علم الأدلة الجنائية بصفة عامة هو العلم الذى يبحث فى طبيعة الدليل الجنائي أيا كان مصدره أو نوعه ، فالدليل الجنائي قد يكون دليلا معنويا مثل الشهادة أو الاعتراف ، وقد يكون دليلا ماديا مثل العثور على هوية أحد الأشخاص بمحل الجريمة ، أما الدليل الفني فهو تخصيص من الدليل المادي ، وهو ما يتطلب خبير متخصص للتعامل معه. Forensik ist ein Sammelbegriff für wissenschaftliche und technische Arbeitsgebiete, in denen z. B. kriminelle Handlungen systematisch untersucht werden. Der Begriff stammt vom lateinischen forum „Forum, Marktplatz“, da Gerichtsverfahren, Untersuchungen, Urteilsverkündungen sowie der Strafvollzug im antiken Rom öffentlich und meist auf dem Marktplatz durchgeführt wurden. Umgangssprachlich wird auch eine Klinik für Forensische Psychiatrie oft verkürzend als Forensik bezeichnet, vor allem wenn diese einem Maßregelvollzug dient. Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyze scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene to collect the evidence themselves, others occupy a laboratory role, performing analysis on objects brought to them by other individuals. Les sciences forensiques regroupent l'ensemble des différentes méthodes d'analyse destinées à résoudre des enquêtes judiciaires, dans le domaine criminel ou légal. Elles englobent les méthodes de police scientifique, de médecine légale. A ciência forense é compreendida como o conjunto de todos os conhecimentos científicos e técnicas que são utilizados para desvendar crimes. Ela é considerada uma área interdisciplinar pois envolve física, química, biologia, entre outras. Tem como objetivo principal o suporte a investigações referentes a justiça civil e criminal. 法科学(ほうかがく、独: Forensik、英: Forensic Science)とは、自然科学と社会科学の原理と技術を用い、現在残されている状況を調べ、何が起こったのかを証拠に基づいて確定させる手法のことである。これは特に犯罪捜査や民事訴訟において重要であるが、全く他の様々な分野でも使うことができる。すなわち、天文学や考古学、生物学、地質学において、大昔の出来事を調査するためには法科学が用いられる。 La scienza forense è l'applicazione di tecniche e metodologie scientifiche alle tradizionali investigazioni di carattere giudiziario, in relazione all'accertamento di un reato o ad un comportamento sociale. Nell'uso tradizionale, il termine "forense" indica sia una forma di evidenza giuridica sia una categoria di pubblicizzazione legale. Nell'uso moderno, il termine "forense" rispetto a "scienza forense" può essere considerato come un sinonimo di "legale" o, comunque, sotteso al sistema penale.
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法科学(ほうかがく、独: Forensik、英: Forensic Science)とは、自然科学と社会科学の原理と技術を用い、現在残されている状況を調べ、何が起こったのかを証拠に基づいて確定させる手法のことである。これは特に犯罪捜査や民事訴訟において重要であるが、全く他の様々な分野でも使うことができる。すなわち、天文学や考古学、生物学、地質学において、大昔の出来事を調査するためには法科学が用いられる。 علم الأدلة الجنائية هو مصطلح عام يشمل المناحي العلمية والتقنية المتبعة بأسلوب منهجي علمي لجمع الأدلة وفحص المعلومات التي تقود في علم الجريمة إلى معرفة سبب وقوع الحادثة. علم الأدلة الجنائية بصفة عامة هو العلم الذى يبحث فى طبيعة الدليل الجنائي أيا كان مصدره أو نوعه ، فالدليل الجنائي قد يكون دليلا معنويا مثل الشهادة أو الاعتراف ، وقد يكون دليلا ماديا مثل العثور على هوية أحد الأشخاص بمحل الجريمة ، أما الدليل الفني فهو تخصيص من الدليل المادي ، وهو ما يتطلب خبير متخصص للتعامل معه. يشتق لفظ forensics المستخدم في اللغة الإنجليزية لللإشارة إلى علم الأدلة الجنائية من الكلمة اللاتينية forēnsis، والتي تعني أمام المنتدى. La scienza forense è l'applicazione di tecniche e metodologie scientifiche alle tradizionali investigazioni di carattere giudiziario, in relazione all'accertamento di un reato o ad un comportamento sociale. Nell'uso tradizionale, il termine "forense" indica sia una forma di evidenza giuridica sia una categoria di pubblicizzazione legale. Nell'uso moderno, il termine "forense" rispetto a "scienza forense" può essere considerato come un sinonimo di "legale" o, comunque, sotteso al sistema penale. A ciência forense é compreendida como o conjunto de todos os conhecimentos científicos e técnicas que são utilizados para desvendar crimes. Ela é considerada uma área interdisciplinar pois envolve física, química, biologia, entre outras. Tem como objetivo principal o suporte a investigações referentes a justiça civil e criminal. Em investigações criminais o foco principal dos profissionais na área é tanto confirmar a autoria dos crimes, quanto descartar o envolvimento do(s) suspeito(s). Em casos de homicídio são utilizados diversos recursos como, por exemplo, fio de cabelo, sangue e impressão digital deixados no local do crime e que são úteis na identificação dos suspeitos. É possível também descobrir a hora, a data, causa da morte, quem matou e o que levou ao homicídio. Peritos de diversas especialidades são os profissionais que realizam os testes forenses dentro de instituições policiais, associadas ao governo, ou em consultorias independentes. Para o sucesso do trabalho forense se faz necessário o uso de algumas técnicas. Uma delas é dermatoglifia que estuda os padrões das cristas dérmicas. Outra bastante utilizada é a técnica do pó, no qual são depositados pós em superfícies lisas que facilite o decalque das impressões digitais. Les sciences forensiques regroupent l'ensemble des différentes méthodes d'analyse destinées à résoudre des enquêtes judiciaires, dans le domaine criminel ou légal. Elles englobent les méthodes de police scientifique, de médecine légale. Forensik ist ein Sammelbegriff für wissenschaftliche und technische Arbeitsgebiete, in denen z. B. kriminelle Handlungen systematisch untersucht werden. Der Begriff stammt vom lateinischen forum „Forum, Marktplatz“, da Gerichtsverfahren, Untersuchungen, Urteilsverkündungen sowie der Strafvollzug im antiken Rom öffentlich und meist auf dem Marktplatz durchgeführt wurden. Umgangssprachlich wird auch eine Klinik für Forensische Psychiatrie oft verkürzend als Forensik bezeichnet, vor allem wenn diese einem Maßregelvollzug dient. Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyze scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene to collect the evidence themselves, others occupy a laboratory role, performing analysis on objects brought to them by other individuals. In addition to their laboratory role, forensic scientists testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the prosecution or the defense. While any field could technically be forensic, certain sections have developed over time to encompass the majority of forensically related cases. Forensisch onderzoek of forensische wetenschap is sporenonderzoek dat gedaan wordt ten behoeve van het strafrechtelijk onderzoek.
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