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David Lloyd George デビッド・ロイド・ジョージ David Lloyd George David Lloyd George ديفيد لويد جورج David Lloyd George 大衛·勞合·喬治 David Lloyd George David Lloyd George David Lloyd George David Lloyd George Ллойд Джордж, Дэвид
rdfs:comment
Figura di passaggio fra il progressismo liberale di tradizione ottocentesca e quello laburista moderno, diede impulso alle riforme sociali in Gran Bretagna e fu responsabile, insieme a Wilson, Orlando e Clemenceau, dell'assetto mondiale dopo la grande guerra. David Lloyd George (17 janvier 1863 à Manchester - 26 mars 1945 à Llanystumdwy (pays de Galles)), 1er comte Lloyd-George de Dwyfor, est un homme d'État britannique qui fut le dernier Premier ministre à appartenir au parti libéral. David Lloyd George, 1. hrabia Lloyd George of Dwyfor (ur. 17 stycznia 1863 w Manchesterze, Anglia, zm. 26 marca 1945 w Tŷ Newydd, Llanystumdwy, Walia), premier Wielkiej Brytanii w latach 1916-1922 i minister wojny w 1916 r. Był jednym z sygnatariuszy Traktatu wersalskiego. Razem z premierem Francji – Georges Clemenceau, premierem Włoch Vittorio Orlando i prezydentem Stanów Zjednoczonych – Thomasem Woodrowem Wilsonem znani byli jako Gruba Czwórka. W czasie Wielkiego Kryzysu optował za stymulowaniem przez rząd popytu oraz zwiększenia wydatków na walkę z bezrobociem. 大衛·勞萊·喬治,第一代德威弗爾的勞萊-喬治伯爵,OM,PC(David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor,1863年1月17日-1945年3月26日),英国自由党政治家,在1916年至1922年间领导战时内阁,在1926年至1931年间担任自由党党魁。 在担任公职期间,他引入了多个改革,为现代福利国家立下了基石。劳合·乔治是最后一位自由党首相,他的主要支持者并非自由党人,却是保守党人。自由党后来分裂,不再是一个主要的政党。十年后,他再度担任自由党党魁,却再无能力重返唐宁街10号。 劳合·乔治在第一次世界大战期间领导大英帝国击败德国及其盟友,这是他做过的事情当中,最为人所知的一件。他是巴黎和会的主要与会者之一。劳合·乔治是20世纪的自由主义的标志,被认为是福利国家的创始人。历史学家认为他是20世纪的英国首相中,对英国公众生活影响最大的一位,因为他在一次大战期间领导英国,在一次大战后重塑欧洲,在一次大战前引入社会福利制度。 有很多英国首相是訟務律師,但只有劳合·乔治是事務律師。他也是唯一一位威尔士人英国首相,也是唯一一位以英语为第二语言,以威尔士语为第一语言的英国首相。在MORI的一个调查中,劳合·乔治的评价在历届英国首相中位列第三。他入选2002年的调查最伟大的100名英国人。 David Lloyd George (Mánchester, 17 de enero de 1863 - Gwynedd en Gales, 26 de marzo de 1945) fue un político británico, primer ministro entre 1916 y 1922, durante la última etapa de la Primera Guerra Mundial y los primeros años de la posguerra. 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016)25بك هذه مقالة غير مراجعة. ينبغي أن يزال هذا القالب بعد أن يراجعها محرر ما عدا الذي أنشأها؛ إذا لزم الأمر فيجب أن توسم المقالة بقوالب الصيانة المناسبة. (مايو 2009) ديفيد لويد جورج (1863 - 1945م). أحد زعماء حزب الأحرار البريطاني. كان رئيسًا للوزراء أثناء النصف الأخير من الحرب العالمية الأولى. David Lloyd George, 1. Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor OM (* 17. Januar 1863 in Manchester; † 26. März 1945 in Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire) war ein britischer Politiker. Er wurde während des Ersten Weltkrieges zum Premierminister gewählt und war der letzte Liberale, der dieses Amt innehatte. David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, OM, PC (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman. As Chancellor of the Exchequer (1908–1915), Lloyd George was a key figure in the introduction of many reforms which laid the foundations of the modern welfare state. His most important role came as the highly energetic Prime Minister of the Wartime Coalition Government (1916–22), during and immediately after the First World War. He was a major player at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the defeat of the Central Powers. He arguably made a greater impact on British public life than any other 20th-century leader, thanks to his pre-war introduction of Britain's social welfare system, his leadership in winning the war, his po Дэвид Ллойд Джордж, 1-й граф Дуйвор, виконт Гвинед (англ. David Lloyd George) (17 января 1863 — 26 марта 1945) — британский политический деятель, последний премьер-министр Великобритании от Либеральной партии (1916—1922). Близкий друг Уинстона Черчилля. David Lloyd George, 1.º Conde Lloyd-George de Dwyfor (Chorlton-upon-Medlock, 17 de janeiro de 1863 — Llanystumdwy, 26 de março de 1945) foi um estadista britânico e o último membro do Partido Liberal a ser Primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido. Ele está enterrado na Abadia de Westminster. David Lloyd George (Manchester, 17 januari 1863 – Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire, 26 maart 1945) was een Brits politicus en vooralsnog het laatste lid van de Liberal Party dat premier van het Verenigd Koninkrijk werd (tussen 1916 en 1922). 初代ドワイフォーのロイド=ジョージ伯爵、デビッド・ロイド・ジョージ(英語: David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, OM, PC、1863年1月17日 - 1945年3月26日)は、イギリスの政治家、貴族。 1890年に自由党議員として政界入り。1905年以降の自由党政権下で急進派閣僚として社会改良政策に尽くす。彼の主導によりイギリスに老齢年金制度や健康保険制度、失業保険制度が導入された。 第一次世界大戦中の1916年12月に総辞職したアスキス首相に代わって首相に就任。強力な戦争指導体制と総力戦体制を構築してイギリスを勝利に導いた。パリ講和会議に出席するなど戦後処理も指導し、戦間期のヴェルサイユ体制の構築に大きな役割を果たした。1921年にはアイルランドの大英帝国自治領としての独立を認めた(アイルランド自由国)。1922年に大連立を組んでいた保守党の離反で総辞職に追い込まれた。 首相退任後は自由党の没落もあって権力から遠ざかっていったが、政治活動は衰えず、ケインズ主義経済政策を確立して公共事業の拡大を訴えた。また晩年には反独派から親独派に転じた。
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dbr:Wales dbr:Tŷ_Newydd dbr:Llanystumdwy dbr:Caernarfonshire
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1945-3-26 1945-03-26
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1863-1-17 1863-01-17
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David Lloyd George The Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
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British Liberal politician and statesman
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Дэвид Ллойд Джордж, 1-й граф Дуйвор, виконт Гвинед (англ. David Lloyd George) (17 января 1863 — 26 марта 1945) — британский политический деятель, последний премьер-министр Великобритании от Либеральной партии (1916—1922). Близкий друг Уинстона Черчилля. David Lloyd George (Mánchester, 17 de enero de 1863 - Gwynedd en Gales, 26 de marzo de 1945) fue un político británico, primer ministro entre 1916 y 1922, durante la última etapa de la Primera Guerra Mundial y los primeros años de la posguerra. 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016)25بك هذه مقالة غير مراجعة. ينبغي أن يزال هذا القالب بعد أن يراجعها محرر ما عدا الذي أنشأها؛ إذا لزم الأمر فيجب أن توسم المقالة بقوالب الصيانة المناسبة. (مايو 2009) ديفيد لويد جورج (1863 - 1945م). أحد زعماء حزب الأحرار البريطاني. كان رئيسًا للوزراء أثناء النصف الأخير من الحرب العالمية الأولى. David Lloyd George (17 janvier 1863 à Manchester - 26 mars 1945 à Llanystumdwy (pays de Galles)), 1er comte Lloyd-George de Dwyfor, est un homme d'État britannique qui fut le dernier Premier ministre à appartenir au parti libéral. David Lloyd George, 1.º Conde Lloyd-George de Dwyfor (Chorlton-upon-Medlock, 17 de janeiro de 1863 — Llanystumdwy, 26 de março de 1945) foi um estadista britânico e o último membro do Partido Liberal a ser Primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido. Ele está enterrado na Abadia de Westminster. David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, OM, PC (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman. As Chancellor of the Exchequer (1908–1915), Lloyd George was a key figure in the introduction of many reforms which laid the foundations of the modern welfare state. His most important role came as the highly energetic Prime Minister of the Wartime Coalition Government (1916–22), during and immediately after the First World War. He was a major player at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the defeat of the Central Powers. He arguably made a greater impact on British public life than any other 20th-century leader, thanks to his pre-war introduction of Britain's social welfare system, his leadership in winning the war, his post-war role in reshaping Europe, and his partitioning Ireland (between Southern Ireland - later the Irish Free State - and Northern Ireland which remained part of the UK). He was the last Liberal to serve as Prime Minister. Parliamentary support for the coalition premiership was mostly from Conservatives rather than his own Liberals. The Liberal split contributed to the long-term collapse of that party as a major political force. Although he became leader of the Liberal Party in the late 1920s, he was unable to regain power, and by the 1930s he was a marginalised and widely mistrusted figure. He was voted the third greatest British prime minister of the 20th century in a poll of 139 academics organised by MORI, and in 2002 he was named among the 100 Greatest Britons following a UK-wide vote. Figura di passaggio fra il progressismo liberale di tradizione ottocentesca e quello laburista moderno, diede impulso alle riforme sociali in Gran Bretagna e fu responsabile, insieme a Wilson, Orlando e Clemenceau, dell'assetto mondiale dopo la grande guerra. 初代ドワイフォーのロイド=ジョージ伯爵、デビッド・ロイド・ジョージ(英語: David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, OM, PC、1863年1月17日 - 1945年3月26日)は、イギリスの政治家、貴族。 1890年に自由党議員として政界入り。1905年以降の自由党政権下で急進派閣僚として社会改良政策に尽くす。彼の主導によりイギリスに老齢年金制度や健康保険制度、失業保険制度が導入された。 第一次世界大戦中の1916年12月に総辞職したアスキス首相に代わって首相に就任。強力な戦争指導体制と総力戦体制を構築してイギリスを勝利に導いた。パリ講和会議に出席するなど戦後処理も指導し、戦間期のヴェルサイユ体制の構築に大きな役割を果たした。1921年にはアイルランドの大英帝国自治領としての独立を認めた(アイルランド自由国)。1922年に大連立を組んでいた保守党の離反で総辞職に追い込まれた。 首相退任後は自由党の没落もあって権力から遠ざかっていったが、政治活動は衰えず、ケインズ主義経済政策を確立して公共事業の拡大を訴えた。また晩年には反独派から親独派に転じた。 大衛·勞萊·喬治,第一代德威弗爾的勞萊-喬治伯爵,OM,PC(David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor,1863年1月17日-1945年3月26日),英国自由党政治家,在1916年至1922年间领导战时内阁,在1926年至1931年间担任自由党党魁。 在担任公职期间,他引入了多个改革,为现代福利国家立下了基石。劳合·乔治是最后一位自由党首相,他的主要支持者并非自由党人,却是保守党人。自由党后来分裂,不再是一个主要的政党。十年后,他再度担任自由党党魁,却再无能力重返唐宁街10号。 劳合·乔治在第一次世界大战期间领导大英帝国击败德国及其盟友,这是他做过的事情当中,最为人所知的一件。他是巴黎和会的主要与会者之一。劳合·乔治是20世纪的自由主义的标志,被认为是福利国家的创始人。历史学家认为他是20世纪的英国首相中,对英国公众生活影响最大的一位,因为他在一次大战期间领导英国,在一次大战后重塑欧洲,在一次大战前引入社会福利制度。 有很多英国首相是訟務律師,但只有劳合·乔治是事務律師。他也是唯一一位威尔士人英国首相,也是唯一一位以英语为第二语言,以威尔士语为第一语言的英国首相。在MORI的一个调查中,劳合·乔治的评价在历届英国首相中位列第三。他入选2002年的调查最伟大的100名英国人。 David Lloyd George, 1. hrabia Lloyd George of Dwyfor (ur. 17 stycznia 1863 w Manchesterze, Anglia, zm. 26 marca 1945 w Tŷ Newydd, Llanystumdwy, Walia), premier Wielkiej Brytanii w latach 1916-1922 i minister wojny w 1916 r. Liberał z Walii. Przed I wojną światową zwolennik przyjacielskich stosunków z Niemcami, a jako minister skarbu przeciwnik zbrojeń brytyjskiej floty wojennej. W czasie wojny, pod wpływem kampanii prasowej i presji politycznej, zastąpił premiera Asquitha i stanął na czele rządu koalicyjnego, w którego skład weszli jego zwolennicy z Partii Liberalnej i konserwatyści. W celu uzyskania wydajniejszej pracy rządu utworzył nowe departamenty: okrętowy, produkcji żywności, usług i pracy. Był jednym z sygnatariuszy Traktatu wersalskiego. Razem z premierem Francji – Georges Clemenceau, premierem Włoch Vittorio Orlando i prezydentem Stanów Zjednoczonych – Thomasem Woodrowem Wilsonem znani byli jako Gruba Czwórka. Był przeciwnikiem utworzenia silnej Polski i oddania Polakom Górnego Śląska (uważał, że przekazać Polakom śląski przemysł to tak, jakby dać małpie zegarek), pomysłodawcą plebiscytów w okręgach olsztyńskim i kwidzyńskim w Prusach Wschodnich. Za jego kadencji kobiety w wieku ponad 30 lat otrzymały prawa wyborcze. Większa część Irlandii zyskała niepodległość. Partia Liberalna nigdy jednak nie otrząsnęła się po rozłamie. W czasie Wielkiego Kryzysu optował za stymulowaniem przez rząd popytu oraz zwiększenia wydatków na walkę z bezrobociem. We wrześniu 1936 roku spotkał się w Berchtesgaden z Adolfem Hitlerem publicznie wyrażając wielki entuzjazm do osoby Hitlera oraz niemieckiego programu gospodarczego. Po powrocie w dzienniku Daily Express nazwał Hitlera największym z żyjących Niemców oraz George’em Washingtonem Niemiec. W późnych latach 30. trzeźwo spoglądając na sytuację w Europie, przyłączył się do Winstona Churchilla zwalczającego politykę appeasementu. David Lloyd George (Manchester, 17 januari 1863 – Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire, 26 maart 1945) was een Brits politicus en vooralsnog het laatste lid van de Liberal Party dat premier van het Verenigd Koninkrijk werd (tussen 1916 en 1922). David Lloyd George, 1. Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor OM (* 17. Januar 1863 in Manchester; † 26. März 1945 in Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire) war ein britischer Politiker. Er wurde während des Ersten Weltkrieges zum Premierminister gewählt und war der letzte Liberale, der dieses Amt innehatte.
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