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أثينا Athens Ateny 雅典 Atene Афины Atenas アテネ Atenas Athene (stad) Athen Athènes
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مدينة أثينا (باليونانية: Αθήνα) هي عاصمة اليونان وأكبر مدنها. يعود اسم المدينة إلى أثينا إلهة الحكمة الإغريقية. يبلغ عدد سكان المدينة اليوم حوالي 729,137 نسمة ومع ضواحيها والمناطق المجاورة حوالي 3,753,726 نسمة (إحصاءات يناير 2005).تقع أثينا في جنوب اليونان على سهل أتيكا بين نهري إليسوس وكيفيسوس، محاطة من ثلاثة جهات بقمم جبال هي هيميتو (1,026 مترا) وبينديلي (1,109 مترا)، وبارنيثاس (1,413 متر). تطل من الجهة الرابعة على خليج سارونيكوس الواصل إلى البحر الأبيض المتوسط. アテネ(現代ギリシア語: Αθήνα; Athína; IPA: [aˈθina]; カサレヴサ: Ἀθῆναι, Athinai; 古代ギリシア語: Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai)はギリシャ共和国の首都で同国最大の都市である。 アテネはアッティカ地方にあり、世界でももっとも古い都市の一つで約3,400年の歴史がある。古代のアテネであるアテナイは強力な都市国家であったことで知られる。芸術や学問、哲学の中心で、プラトンが創建したアカデメイアやアリストテレスのリュケイオンがあり、西洋文明の揺籃や民主主義の発祥地として広く言及されており、その大部分は紀元前4-5世紀の文化的、政治的な功績により後の世紀にヨーロッパに大きな影響を与えたことは知られている。今日の現代的なアテネは世界都市としてギリシャの経済、金融、産業、政治、文化生活の中心である。2008年にアテネは世界で32番目に富める都市に位置し、UBSの調査では25番目に物価が高い都市に位置している。 Афи́ны (греч. Αθήνα, МФА: [aˈθina]) — столица Греции, нома Аттика и номархии (префектуры) Афин. Располагается в Центральной Греции и является экономическим, культурным и административным центром страны. Названы в честь богини Мудрости Афины, которая была покровителем древнего полиса. Афины имеют богатую историю; в классический период (V век до н. э.) город-государство достигло вершины своего развития, определив многие тенденции развития позднейшей европейской культуры. Так с городом связаны имена философов Сократа, Платона и Аристотеля, заложивших основы европейской философии, трагиков Эсхила, Софокла и Еврипида, стоявших у истоков драмы; политическим строем древних Афин была демократия. Ateny (nowogr. Αθήνα, Athī́na (trl.), Atina (trb.); st.gr. Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai, łac. Athenae) – stolica i największe miasto Grecji. Jeden z najważniejszych ośrodków turystycznych Europy z zabytkami kultury antycznej. 雅典(希腊语:Αθήνα,Athína,[aˈθina];古希腊语:Άθῆναι,Athēnai;英语:Athens)是希腊首都,也是希腊最大的城市。雅典位于巴尔干半岛南端,三面环山,一面傍海,西南距爱琴海法利龙湾8公里,属亚热带地中海气候。基菲索斯河和伊利索斯河穿城而过。市内多小山。 雅典是世界上最老的城市之一,有记载的历史就长达3000多年。现在雅典是欧洲第八大城市。雅典是希腊经济、财政、工业、政治和文化中心。雅典也是欧盟商业中心之一。市区人口330万,加上郊区人口共有380万人口。城市的面积为39平方公里,加上郊区为412平方公里。 古雅典是一个强大的城邦,是驰名世界的文化古城。希腊是西方哲学的搖籃,是柏拉图学院和亚里士多德的讲学场所的所在地。苏格拉底、希罗多德、伯里克利、索福克勒斯、阿里斯托芬、欧里庇得斯、埃斯库罗斯和其他著名的哲学家、政治家和文学家都在雅典诞生或居住过,雅典也因此被称作“西方文明的摇篮”和民主的起源地。公元前5世纪和4世纪在文化和政治上的成就对欧洲及世界文化产生重大影响。 雅典至今仍保留了很多历史遗迹和大量的艺术作品,其中最著名的是雅典卫城的帕提农神庙,是西方文化的象征。 雅典是現代奥运会起源的地方。1896年曾举办过第一届夏季奥运会。2004年,第二十八届夏季奥林匹克运动会在雅典举行。 Atenas (em grego: Αθήνα; transl.: Athína pronunciado: [aˈθina] (link=File:Pronunciation of the Athens in Greek language, 2015.ogg [[:Media:Pronunciation of the Athens in Greek language, 2015.ogg |ouvir]]); em grego antigo: Ἀθῆναι, transl.: Athēnai) é a capital e maior cidade da Grécia. A cidade domina a região da Ática e é uma das cidades mais antigas do mundo, sendo que seu território está continuamente habitado há 3400 anos. A Atenas Clássica, do período da Grécia Antiga, foi uma poderosa pólis (cidade-Estado) que surgiu em conjunto com o desenvolvimento do porto de Pireu. Um centro artístico, estudantil e filosófico desde a Antiguidade, a cidade sediou a Academia de Platão e o Liceu de Aristóteles, além de ser amplamente considerada como o berço da civilização ocidental e da democracia, Die Stadt Athen, neugriechisch Αθήνα [aˈθina] (f. sg.), Katharevousa und altgriechisch Ἀθῆναι Athênai (f. pl.), ist die Hauptstadt Griechenlands. Athen ist die bevölkerungsreichste und flächengrößte Stadt des Landes. Die Gemeinde Athen im Zentrum des Ballungsraums Athen-Piräus ist dabei relativ klein. Athen im weiteren Sinne umfasst das Gebiet der Regionalbezirke Athen-Zentrum (87,3 km²), Athen-Nord (138,79 km²), Athen-Süd (68,9 km²), Athen-West (66,8 km²) und einiger umliegender Vororte mit zusammen 3,753 Mio. Einwohnern. Athènes (en grec ancien Ἀθῆναι / Athễnai — le nom est toujours pluriel —, en grec moderne Αθήνα [a'θina] / Athína) est la capitale et la plus grande ville de la Grèce. En 2011, elle compte 664 046 habitants intra-muros sur une superficie de 39 km2. Son aire urbaine, le Grand Athènes, qui comprend notamment le port du Pirée, en compte plus de trois millions. Berceau de la civilisation occidentale et dotée d'un riche passé, la ville est aujourd'hui le cœur politique, économique et culturel de la République hellénique, dont elle accueille la plupart des institutions, comme le Parlement, l'Áreios Págos (cour suprême) et le siège du Gouvernement. Atenas (griego antiguo: Ἀθῆναι, romanización: Athēnai, griego moderno: Αθήνα, romanización: Athína) es la capital de Grecia y actualmente la ciudad más grande del país. La población del municipio de Atenas es de 664 046 (en 2011), pero su área metropolitana es mucho mayor y comprende una población de 3,8 millones (en 2011). Es el centro principal de la vida económica, cultural y política griega. Athene (Grieks: Αθήνα, Athina; fonetisch: [/a'θina/]?) is de hoofdstad en grootste stad van Griekenland, en tevens het bestuurlijk centrum van de regio (periferia) Attica. De gemeente Athene is ingedeeld in zeven stadsdistricten (dimotiko diamerisma). Athens (/ˈæθᵻnz/; Modern Greek: Αθήνα, Athína Greek pronunciation: [aˈθina], Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years, and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennia BC. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus, which had been a distinct city prior to its 5th century BC incorporation with Athens. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cul Atene (in greco Αθήνα, traslitterato in Athína; in greco antico: Ἀθῆναι, Athḕnai) è un comune greco di 655.780 abitanti, capitale della Repubblica Ellenica, capoluogo dell'unità periferica di Atene Centrale e della periferia dell'Attica. Il comune di Atene, stricto sensu, ha una superficie di 39 km², ma l'area metropolitana intesa come Grande Atene ha una estensione di 412 km² con 4.013.368 abitanti, ed è così la settima conurbazione più grande dell'Unione europea, e la quinta capitale più popolosa dell'Unione.
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Αθήνα Athens
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Die Stadt Athen, neugriechisch Αθήνα [aˈθina] (f. sg.), Katharevousa und altgriechisch Ἀθῆναι Athênai (f. pl.), ist die Hauptstadt Griechenlands. Athen ist die bevölkerungsreichste und flächengrößte Stadt des Landes. Die Gemeinde Athen im Zentrum des Ballungsraums Athen-Piräus ist dabei relativ klein. Athen im weiteren Sinne umfasst das Gebiet der Regionalbezirke Athen-Zentrum (87,3 km²), Athen-Nord (138,79 km²), Athen-Süd (68,9 km²), Athen-West (66,8 km²) und einiger umliegender Vororte mit zusammen 3,753 Mio. Einwohnern. Als kulturelles, historisches und wirtschaftliches Zentrum des Landes ist Athen auch die bedeutendste Metropole Griechenlands. Der Flughafen ist der wichtigste des Landes und der acht Kilometer vom Athener Zentrum entfernte Hafen Piräus der größte Griechenlands. Von hier und vom kleineren Rafina wird auch der Schiffsverkehr zu den zahlreichen griechischen Inseln abgefertigt. Im Schienenverkehr hat Athen nationale, jedoch keine internationale Bedeutung. Die Stadt ist seit der Jungsteinzeit kontinuierlich besiedeltund damit eine der ältesten Siedlungen und Städte Europas. 1985 wurde Athen erste Kulturhauptstadt Europas. In die Liste des Weltkulturerbe der UNESCO wurde 1987 die Akropolis und 1990 das Kloster Daphni aufgenommen. Athen war in der klassischen Zeit Ort der attischen Polis. Die in dieser Zeit (5. Jahrhundert v. Chr.) entstandene attische Demokratie gilt als Begründerin einer auf dem Prinzip der Volkssouveränität gegründeten politischen Ordnung. Atenas (griego antiguo: Ἀθῆναι, romanización: Athēnai, griego moderno: Αθήνα, romanización: Athína) es la capital de Grecia y actualmente la ciudad más grande del país. La población del municipio de Atenas es de 664 046 (en 2011), pero su área metropolitana es mucho mayor y comprende una población de 3,8 millones (en 2011). Es el centro principal de la vida económica, cultural y política griega. La historia de Atenas se extiende más de tres mil años, lo que la convierte en una de las ciudades habitadas más antiguas. Durante la época clásica de Grecia, fue una poderosa ciudad estado que surgió junto con el desarrollo de la navegación marítima del puerto de El Pireo y que tuvo un papel fundamental en el desarrollo de la democracia. También fue un centro cultural donde vivieron muchos de los grandes artistas, escritores y filósofos de la Antigüedad. Estas contribuciones de Atenas al pensamiento de su época tuvieron una gran influencia en el desarrollo de Grecia, de Roma y de la cultura occidental. Atenas es una ciudad rica en restos arqueológicos de extraordinaria importancia, de los cuales el más famoso es el Partenón en la Acrópolis. Además de construcciones de la época clásica griega, también se conservan monumentos romanos y bizantinos, así como varias construcciones modernas notables. Athènes (en grec ancien Ἀθῆναι / Athễnai — le nom est toujours pluriel —, en grec moderne Αθήνα [a'θina] / Athína) est la capitale et la plus grande ville de la Grèce. En 2011, elle compte 664 046 habitants intra-muros sur une superficie de 39 km2. Son aire urbaine, le Grand Athènes, qui comprend notamment le port du Pirée, en compte plus de trois millions. Berceau de la civilisation occidentale et dotée d'un riche passé, la ville est aujourd'hui le cœur politique, économique et culturel de la République hellénique, dont elle accueille la plupart des institutions, comme le Parlement, l'Áreios Págos (cour suprême) et le siège du Gouvernement. Athènes est l'une des plus anciennes villes au monde, avec une présence humaine attestée dès le Néolithique. Fondée vers -800 autour de la colline de l'Acropole — par le héros Thésée, selon la légende —, la cité domine la Grèce au cours du Ier millénaire av. J.‑C.. Elle connaît son âge d'or au Ve siècle av. J.-C., sous la domination du stratège Périclès : principale puissance militaire de Grèce, à la tête d'une vaste alliance de cités, elle est également le cœur culturel de la Méditerranée. Première république de l'histoire, la démocratie athénienne connaît une vie intellectuelle importante, rassemblant des philosophes antiques (Socrate, Platon, Aristote), des auteurs de théâtre (Eschyle, Sophocle, Euripide, Aristophane) et l'historien Thucydide. De nombreux témoignages de cette période faste ont été conservés, comme le Parthénon, l'Agora (qui comprend notamment le temple d'Héphaïstos), l'Olympéion, le théâtre de Dionysos ou encore le Stade panathénaïque. Intégrée au Royaume de Macédoine, puis à l'Empire byzantin — période durant laquelle fut bâti le Monastère de Daphni —, Athènes est conquise par l'Empire ottoman en 1456 et reste sous sa domination jusqu'en 1822, année de l'indépendance de la Grèce. Elle en devient la capitale et connaît une importante croissance urbaine. Occupée lors des deux guerres mondiales, la ville est ravagée par les destructions de la Guerre civile grecque (1946-1949). Durant la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, Athènes devient le cœur économique et universitaire d'une Grèce en plein développement, dont les symboles sont les grandes avenues commerçantes telles que l'avenue Kifissias ou l'avenue Vasilissis Sofias. Frappée de plein fouet par la crise grecque depuis 2009, la ville a perdu plusieurs dizaines de milliers d'habitants et fait face à d'importantes difficultés économiques. La ville s'étend sur la plaine d'Attique, sur les rives de la mer Égée. Elle est le chef-lieu du district régional de Athènes-Centre et la capitale de la périphérie d'Attique, mais aussi celle du diocèse décentralisé du même nom. Le quartier le plus ancien, Pláka, est situé en contrebas de l'Acropole et comprend notamment la place Monastiráki. Kolonáki est le quartier huppé, à proximité de la place Syntagma. Enfin, Exárcheia est le quartier alternatif et branché de la ville, foyer de l'anarchisme en Grèce et de la contestation populaire depuis la crise. Grâce à son climat méditerranéen et ses nombreux musées, comme le Musée de l'Acropole ou le Musée national archéologique, Athènes est l'une des principales destinations touristiques d'Europe. Elle a également accueilli les Jeux olympiques d'été en 1896 et en 2004. Atenas (em grego: Αθήνα; transl.: Athína pronunciado: [aˈθina] (link=File:Pronunciation of the Athens in Greek language, 2015.ogg [[:Media:Pronunciation of the Athens in Greek language, 2015.ogg |ouvir]]); em grego antigo: Ἀθῆναι, transl.: Athēnai) é a capital e maior cidade da Grécia. A cidade domina a região da Ática e é uma das cidades mais antigas do mundo, sendo que seu território está continuamente habitado há 3400 anos. A Atenas Clássica, do período da Grécia Antiga, foi uma poderosa pólis (cidade-Estado) que surgiu em conjunto com o desenvolvimento do porto de Pireu. Um centro artístico, estudantil e filosófico desde a Antiguidade, a cidade sediou a Academia de Platão e o Liceu de Aristóteles, além de ser amplamente considerada como o berço da civilização ocidental e da democracia, em grande parte devido ao impacto de suas realizações culturais e políticas durante os séculos IV e V a.C. no resto do continente europeu. Atualmente, é uma metrópole cosmopolita e o centro econômico, financeiro, industrial, político e cultural da Grécia. Em 2012, Atenas foi classificada como a 39ª cidade mais rica do mundo por paridade do poder de compra (PPC) e a 77ª mais cara em um estudo do UBS AG. A cidade é reconhecida como uma cidade global devido à sua localização geo-estratégica e sua importância em finanças, comércio, mídia, entretenimento, artes, comércio internacional, cultura, educação e turismo. É um dos maiores centros econômicos no sul da Europa, com um grande setor financeiro e o maior porto de passageiros na Europa. O município de Atenas tem uma população de 664.046 (em 2011) dentro de seus limites administrativos e uma área de 39 quilômetros quadrados. A grande área urbana de Atenas (Grande Atenas e Grande Piraeus) estende-se para além de seus limites administrativos municipais e compõe uma população de 3.074.160 pessoas (em 2011) em uma área de 412 km². Em 2004, de acordo com o Eurostat, Atenas era a sétima área urbana mais populosa da União Europeia (a quinta capital mais populosa da UE), com uma população de 4.013.368 habitantes. A cidade também é a capital mais ao sul do continente europeu. A herança da era clássica ainda é evidente na cidade, representado por antigos monumentos e obras de arte, sendo o Partenon o mais famoso de todos, considerado um marco fundamental do início da civilização ocidental. A cidade também mantém monumentos romanos e bizantinos, bem como um menor número de monumentos otomanos. Atenas tem dois Patrimônios Mundiais da UNESCO: a Acrópole e o Mosteiro de Dafne. Entre os marcos da era moderna, que remontam ao estabelecimento de Atenas como a capital do Estado grego independente e soberano em 1834, estão o Parlamento Helênico (século XIX), a Biblioteca Nacional da Grécia, a Universidade de Atenas e a Academia de Atenas. A cidade foi a anfitriã dos primeiros Jogos Olímpicos da era moderna, em 1896, e 108 anos depois, foi a sede dos Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2004. Atenas é o lar do Museu Arqueológico Nacional, que possui a maior coleção do mundo de antiguidades gregas, bem como o novo Museu da Acrópole. Athens (/ˈæθᵻnz/; Modern Greek: Αθήνα, Athína Greek pronunciation: [aˈθina], Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years, and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennia BC. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus, which had been a distinct city prior to its 5th century BC incorporation with Athens. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cultural and political impact on the European continent, and in particular the Romans. In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2015, Athens was ranked the world's 29th richest city by purchasing power and the 67th most expensive in a UBS study. Athens is recognised as a global city because of its location and its importance in shipping, finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, culture, education and tourism. It is one of the biggest economic centres in southeastern Europe, with a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe and the second largest in the world. The municipality (city) of Athens had a population of 664,046 (in 2011, 796,442 in 2004) within its administrative limits, and a land area of 39 km2 (15 sq mi). The urban area of Athens (Greater Athens and Greater Piraeus) extends beyond its administrative municipal city limits, with a population of 3,090,508 (in 2011) over an area of 412 km2 (159 sq mi). According to Eurostat in 2011, the Functional urban areas (FUA) of Athens was the 9th most populous FUA in the European Union (the 6th most populous capital city of the EU), with a population of 3,828,000, having lost almost 300.000 inhabitants, probably due to the serious economic crisis that affected Greece in recent years. Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland. The heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. The city also retains Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a smaller number of Ottoman monuments. Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery. Landmarks of the modern era, dating back to the establishment of Athens as the capital of the independent Greek state in 1834, include the Hellenic Parliament and the so-called "architectural trilogy of Athens", consisting of the National Library of Greece, the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and the Academy of Athens. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it welcomed home the 2004 Summer Olympics. Athens is also home to several large museums, such as the National Archeological Museum, featuring the world's largest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, the Byzantine and Christian Museum and the new Acropolis Museum. مدينة أثينا (باليونانية: Αθήνα) هي عاصمة اليونان وأكبر مدنها. يعود اسم المدينة إلى أثينا إلهة الحكمة الإغريقية. يبلغ عدد سكان المدينة اليوم حوالي 729,137 نسمة ومع ضواحيها والمناطق المجاورة حوالي 3,753,726 نسمة (إحصاءات يناير 2005).تقع أثينا في جنوب اليونان على سهل أتيكا بين نهري إليسوس وكيفيسوس، محاطة من ثلاثة جهات بقمم جبال هي هيميتو (1,026 مترا) وبينديلي (1,109 مترا)، وبارنيثاس (1,413 متر). تطل من الجهة الرابعة على خليج سارونيكوس الواصل إلى البحر الأبيض المتوسط. يبلغ تاريخ المدينة حوالي 5000 سنة، لتعد بذلك أحد أقدم مستوطنات أوروبا، وتُعد المدينة مهد الحضارة الغربية والديموقراطية. أعلنت أثينا عام 1985 كأول عاصمة ثقافية لأوروبا. أضيف الأكروبولس عام 1987 ودير دافني عام 1990 في أثينا إلى قائمة اليونسكو للتراث العالمي. أقيمت في أثينا أول ألعاب أولميبية في العصر الحديث عام 1896 وبعدها بحوالي قرن أجريت الألعاب الأوليمبية الصيفية 2004 فيها أيضاً. Atene (in greco Αθήνα, traslitterato in Athína; in greco antico: Ἀθῆναι, Athḕnai) è un comune greco di 655.780 abitanti, capitale della Repubblica Ellenica, capoluogo dell'unità periferica di Atene Centrale e della periferia dell'Attica. Il comune di Atene, stricto sensu, ha una superficie di 39 km², ma l'area metropolitana intesa come Grande Atene ha una estensione di 412 km² con 4.013.368 abitanti, ed è così la settima conurbazione più grande dell'Unione europea, e la quinta capitale più popolosa dell'Unione. Atene è una metropoli cosmopolita ed è il centro economico, finanziario, industriale e culturale della Grecia, e ha una notevole importanza a livello europeo, ma anche mondiale. Nel 2008 è stata classificata come la trentaduesima città più ricca del mondo per potere d'acquisto e come la venticinquesima più costosa in una ricerca effettuata dalla società svizzera UBS. È nota in tutto il mondo per la nascita della democrazia, per essere stata la sede dell'accademia di Platone e del liceo di Aristotele, oltre che aver dato i natali a Socrate, Pericle, Sofocle e molti altri filosofi e personaggi importanti dell'antichità. Tra le città più antiche del mondo, è stata una fiorente polis ed è considerata la culla della civiltà occidentale. Nel XXI secolo è stata al centro dell'attenzione di tutto il mondo per aver organizzato con successo i Giochi della XXVIII Olimpiade nel 2004 e per l'inaugurazione del Nuovo Museo dell'Acropoli nel 2009, che ha riaperto il dibattito riguardante i Marmi del Partenone. Tradizionalmente la protettrice della città è la dea Atena, raffigurata sia sullo stemma che sulla bandiera della città. アテネ(現代ギリシア語: Αθήνα; Athína; IPA: [aˈθina]; カサレヴサ: Ἀθῆναι, Athinai; 古代ギリシア語: Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai)はギリシャ共和国の首都で同国最大の都市である。 アテネはアッティカ地方にあり、世界でももっとも古い都市の一つで約3,400年の歴史がある。古代のアテネであるアテナイは強力な都市国家であったことで知られる。芸術や学問、哲学の中心で、プラトンが創建したアカデメイアやアリストテレスのリュケイオンがあり、西洋文明の揺籃や民主主義の発祥地として広く言及されており、その大部分は紀元前4-5世紀の文化的、政治的な功績により後の世紀にヨーロッパに大きな影響を与えたことは知られている。今日の現代的なアテネは世界都市としてギリシャの経済、金融、産業、政治、文化生活の中心である。2008年にアテネは世界で32番目に富める都市に位置し、UBSの調査では25番目に物価が高い都市に位置している。 アテネ市の人口は655,780人(2004年は796,442人)、市域面積は39 km2 (15 sq mi)である。アテネの都市的地域(大アテネや大ピラエウス)は市域を超えて広がっており、人口は2011年現在3,074,160人に達し、都市的地域の面積は412 km2 (159 sq mi)である。ユーロスタットによれば大都市圏地域(Larger Urban Zones,LUZ) (en) の人口は欧州連合域内では7番目に大きい。 古典ギリシアの文化的遺産は今でもはっきりとしており、多くの古代遺跡や芸術作品が象徴している。もっとも有名で代表的なものにはパルテノン神殿があり初期の西洋文明の鍵となるランドマークと見なされる場合もある。アテネにはローマ帝国支配下のギリシャやビザンティンの遺跡もあり同様に少数のオスマン帝国の遺跡も残されているなど、何世紀にもわたる長い歴史を投影するモニュメントとなっている。アテネには2つのユネスコの世界遺産がありアテナイのアクロポリスと中世のダフニ修道院がそうである。現代のランドマークはギリシアが1833年に独立国となりアテネが首都に制定された時のもので、ギリシャ議会の議事堂や3部作(Trilogy )で構成されたギリシア国立図書館、アテネ大学、アテネアカデミーが含まれる。アテネは、最初の近代オリンピックであるアテネオリンピックと、その108年後に開催されたアテネオリンピック (2004年)の2度のオリンピックの舞台である。アテネにはアテネ国立考古学博物館があり、世界最大の古代ギリシアの遺品の収蔵を特徴とし新しい2008年に完成したアクロポリス博物館もある。ギリシャ正教会の首長であるアテネ大主教が所在し、精神的な中心地でもある。(ギリシャ正教会は正教会に属し、クレタ島を除くギリシャ一国を管轄する。)正教会の定めるアテネの守護聖人は、ディオニシオス・オ・アレオパギティス、イェロテオス、フィロセイ。1985年には欧州文化首都に選ばれた。 Ateny (nowogr. Αθήνα, Athī́na (trl.), Atina (trb.); st.gr. Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai, łac. Athenae) – stolica i największe miasto Grecji. Jeden z najważniejszych ośrodków turystycznych Europy z zabytkami kultury antycznej. 雅典(希腊语:Αθήνα,Athína,[aˈθina];古希腊语:Άθῆναι,Athēnai;英语:Athens)是希腊首都,也是希腊最大的城市。雅典位于巴尔干半岛南端,三面环山,一面傍海,西南距爱琴海法利龙湾8公里,属亚热带地中海气候。基菲索斯河和伊利索斯河穿城而过。市内多小山。 雅典是世界上最老的城市之一,有记载的历史就长达3000多年。现在雅典是欧洲第八大城市。雅典是希腊经济、财政、工业、政治和文化中心。雅典也是欧盟商业中心之一。市区人口330万,加上郊区人口共有380万人口。城市的面积为39平方公里,加上郊区为412平方公里。 古雅典是一个强大的城邦,是驰名世界的文化古城。希腊是西方哲学的搖籃,是柏拉图学院和亚里士多德的讲学场所的所在地。苏格拉底、希罗多德、伯里克利、索福克勒斯、阿里斯托芬、欧里庇得斯、埃斯库罗斯和其他著名的哲学家、政治家和文学家都在雅典诞生或居住过,雅典也因此被称作“西方文明的摇篮”和民主的起源地。公元前5世纪和4世纪在文化和政治上的成就对欧洲及世界文化产生重大影响。 雅典至今仍保留了很多历史遗迹和大量的艺术作品,其中最著名的是雅典卫城的帕提农神庙,是西方文化的象征。 雅典是現代奥运会起源的地方。1896年曾举办过第一届夏季奥运会。2004年,第二十八届夏季奥林匹克运动会在雅典举行。 Athene (Grieks: Αθήνα, Athina; fonetisch: [/a'θina/]?) is de hoofdstad en grootste stad van Griekenland, en tevens het bestuurlijk centrum van de regio (periferia) Attica. De gemeente Athene is ingedeeld in zeven stadsdistricten (dimotiko diamerisma). Athene is het politieke, culturele en economische centrum van het land en is een kosmopolitische metropool. Volgens de volkstelling van 2001 had de stad Athene 745.514 inwoners, terwijl het gehele stedelijke gebied van de metropool 3.130.841 inwoners telde. Het aantal officiële inwoners bedraagt thans circa 4 miljoen, terwijl het aantal werkelijke inwoners zeker 5 miljoen zou bedragen. Athene was in de oudheid een grote Polis. Een polis was in het oude Griekenland een samenwerkingsvorm van Politai (burgers)waarbij deze burgers op godsdienstig, militair en economisch vlak samen gingen werken. Het bijzondere aan het oude Athene was, dat hier de eerste democratie ontstond. Athene was de enige Griekse polis waar gewone burgers de macht hadden in een directe democratie. Overblijfselen van de oude polis Athene zijn nog steeds te zien. De Akropolis van Athene, het versterkte gedeelte van de stad, is namelijk nog zichtbaar. De oude tempel, het parthenon en de agora zijn voorbeelden van deze overblijfselen. Афи́ны (греч. Αθήνα, МФА: [aˈθina]) — столица Греции, нома Аттика и номархии (префектуры) Афин. Располагается в Центральной Греции и является экономическим, культурным и административным центром страны. Названы в честь богини Мудрости Афины, которая была покровителем древнего полиса. Афины имеют богатую историю; в классический период (V век до н. э.) город-государство достигло вершины своего развития, определив многие тенденции развития позднейшей европейской культуры. Так с городом связаны имена философов Сократа, Платона и Аристотеля, заложивших основы европейской философии, трагиков Эсхила, Софокла и Еврипида, стоявших у истоков драмы; политическим строем древних Афин была демократия. Территория Афинской агломерации — 412 кв. км. Эта территория окружена горами: Эгалео (Αιγάλεω), Парнита (Πάρνηθα), Пендели (Πεντέλη) и Имитос (Υμηττός). Общая численность населения составляет 1/3 от общей численности населения Греции и составляет, в соответствии с переписью 2001 года, 3 361 806 человек. Таким образом на 1 кв. км. приходится 8 160 человек. Высота центра города над уровнем моря составляет 20 метров, в то время как рельеф территории города очень разнообразен, с равнинами и горами.
dbo:areaCode
21
dbo:areaMetro
2.92872e+09
dbo:country
dbr:Greece
dbo:maximumElevation
338.0
dbo:mayor
dbr:Giorgos_Kaminis
dbo:minimumElevation
70.0
dbo:populationMetro
3753783
dbo:postalCode
10x xx, 11x xx, 120 xx
dbp:aprHighC
21.1
dbp:aprLowC
12.1
dbp:aprMeanC
16.6
dbp:aprRainMm
28.8
dbp:aprRecordHighC
32.2
dbp:aprRecordLowC
1.7
dbp:areaMunicipality
38.964
dbp:areaUrban
412
dbp:augHighC
34.3
dbp:augLowC
24
dbp:augMeanC
29.2
dbp:augRainMm
5.4
dbp:augRecordHighC
42.6
dbp:augRecordLowC
15.5
dbp:captionSkyline
From upper left: the Acropolis, the Hellenic Parliament, the Zappeion, the Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki Square, Athens view towards the sea
dbp:centre
Athens
dbp:citySeal
Athens seal.png
dbp:decHighC
14.5
dbp:decLowC
8.5
dbp:decMeanC
11.5
dbp:decRainMm
73.4
dbp:decRecordHighC
22.9
dbp:decRecordLowC
-4
dbp:demonym
Athenian
dbp:districts
7
dbp:east
Zografou and Kaisariani
dbp:febHighC
14.1
dbp:febLowC
7.1
dbp:febMeanC
10.6
dbp:febRainMm
46.2
dbp:febRecordHighC
25.3
dbp:febRecordLowC
-5.7
dbp:georegion
dbr:Central_Greece
dbp:imageSkyline
Athens Montage 2.jpg
dbp:imagesize
280
dbp:janHighC
13.5
dbp:janLowC
7.1
dbp:janMeanC
10.3
dbp:janRainMm
50.7
dbp:janRecordHighC
22.6
dbp:janRecordLowC
-6.5
dbp:julHighC
34.4
dbp:julLowC
24.1
dbp:julMeanC
29.2
dbp:julRainMm
8.7
dbp:julRecordHighC
43
dbp:julRecordLowC
16
dbp:junHighC
31.6
dbp:junLowC
21.3
dbp:junMeanC
26.5
dbp:junRainMm
9.4
dbp:junRecordHighC
44.8
dbp:junRecordLowC
11.8
dbp:latDeg
37
dbp:latMin
58
dbp:licence
Yxx, Zxx, Ixx
dbp:location
Downtown Athens . Extremes from 1890
dbp:lonDeg
23
dbp:lonMin
43
dbp:marHighC
16.8
dbp:marLowC
8.9
dbp:marMeanC
12.9
dbp:marRainMm
45.6
dbp:marRecordHighC
28.9
dbp:marRecordLowC
-2.6
dbp:mayHighC
26.5
dbp:mayLowC
16.7
dbp:mayMeanC
21.6
dbp:mayRainMm
17.6
dbp:mayRecordHighC
36.7
dbp:mayRecordLowC
6.2
dbp:metricFirst
yes
dbp:nickname
Ιοστεφές άστυ /Παιδαγωγός της Οικουμένης
dbp:north
Nea Filadelfeia, Nea Ionia and Galatsi
dbp:northeast
Psychiko, Neo Psychiko and Papagou
dbp:northwest
dbr:Peristeri
dbp:novHighC
18.6
dbp:novLowC
11.8
dbp:novMeanC
15.2
dbp:novRainMm
69.4
dbp:novRecordHighC
30.5
dbp:novRecordLowC
-1.1
dbp:octHighC
24
dbp:octLowC
15.9
dbp:octMeanC
20
dbp:octRainMm
42
dbp:octRecordHighC
36.5
dbp:octRecordLowC
5.9
dbp:party
Independent
dbp:periph
n44:
dbp:periphunit
n21:
dbp:popMunicipality
664046
dbp:populationAsOf
2011
dbp:populationUrban
3090508
dbp:sepHighC
29.7
dbp:sepLowC
20.2
dbp:sepMeanC
25
dbp:sepRainMm
22.1
dbp:sepRecordHighC
38.6
dbp:sepRecordLowC
8.9
dbp:since
2010-12-29
dbp:singleLine
yes
dbp:source
Meteoclub.gr
dbp:south
dbr:Nea_Smyrni
dbp:southeast
Vyronas, Ymittos and Dafni
dbp:southwest
dbr:Kallithea
dbp:title
Culture and history Government
dbp:west
Aigaleo and Tavros
dbp:yearHighC
23.3
dbp:yearLowC
14.8
dbp:yearMeanC
19.1
dbp:yearRainMm
419.3
dbp:yearRecordHighC
44.8
dbp:yearRecordLowC
-6.5
n59:hasRank
_:vb27521597
n52:hypernym
dbr:Capital
Subject Item
_:vb27521597
n59:rankValue
490.007