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rdfs:label
烈火莫熄 Reformasi (Malaysia)
rdfs:comment
(For other uses, see Reformasi.) The Reformasi was a protest movement that began in September 1998 throughout Malaysia initiated by Anwar Ibrahim after his sacking as Deputy Prime Minister by the country's then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad in the same month. The massive movement consisted of civil disobedience, demonstrations, sit-ins, rioting, occupations and online activism, involving thousands across Malaysia protesting against the Barisan Nasional government under the Mahathir Cabinet. 烈火莫熄(马来语:Reformasi)是1998年马来西亚前副首相安华·依布拉欣被革职后不久,其支持者发动的一次社会运动。此社会运动有一系列的群众示威和集会,参与者以此宣泄对国阵政府的不满。直到安华在1998年末被捕后,“烈火莫熄”运动才沉寂下来。这项社会运动直接催生人民公正党。1999年马来西亚大选,公正党、泛马回教党和民主行动党组成替代阵线(Barisan Alternatif,简称替阵),与国民阵线相抗衡。受烈火莫熄效应所波及,该年的第十届全国大选中,巫统所得的马来选票首次不过半,國陣雖然得票56%,但仍橫掃四分三議席。
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dbc:Conflicts_in_1999 dbc:Conflicts_in_1998 dbc:Political_movements dbc:Reform_movements dbc:Political_riots dbc:Social_movements dbc:Political_history_of_Malaysia dbc:Riots_and_civil_disorder_in_Malaysia
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4695868
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732075700
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烈火莫熄(马来语:Reformasi)是1998年马来西亚前副首相安华·依布拉欣被革职后不久,其支持者发动的一次社会运动。此社会运动有一系列的群众示威和集会,参与者以此宣泄对国阵政府的不满。直到安华在1998年末被捕后,“烈火莫熄”运动才沉寂下来。这项社会运动直接催生人民公正党。1999年马来西亚大选,公正党、泛马回教党和民主行动党组成替代阵线(Barisan Alternatif,简称替阵),与国民阵线相抗衡。受烈火莫熄效应所波及,该年的第十届全国大选中,巫统所得的马来选票首次不过半,國陣雖然得票56%,但仍橫掃四分三議席。 (For other uses, see Reformasi.) The Reformasi was a protest movement that began in September 1998 throughout Malaysia initiated by Anwar Ibrahim after his sacking as Deputy Prime Minister by the country's then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad in the same month. The massive movement consisted of civil disobedience, demonstrations, sit-ins, rioting, occupations and online activism, involving thousands across Malaysia protesting against the Barisan Nasional government under the Mahathir Cabinet. The movement started off as a political campaign calling for the resignation of Mahathir, Malaysia's longest serving Prime Minister and the end of corruption and cronyism allegedly associated with the government of the day. Building on the momentum of the Reformasi, a political movement called the Social Justice Movement (Malay: Pergerakan Keadilan Sosial) (Adil) was formed and led by Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, wife of Anwar Ibrahim. However, after facing difficulties in registering Adil as a political party, the reformasi movement took over a small party Ikatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia and led to the formation of a new multiracial-based party named Parti Keadilan Nasional (National Justice Party) in 1999. On 3 August 2003, the newly-merged entity (Parti Keadilan Nasional and Parti Rakyat Malaysia) was officially launched and assumed its current name, Parti Keadilan Rakyat. Although the Reformasi movement gradually ended after the 1999 general election, the Reformasi is still being used as slogan until now. Other similar slogans like Lawan Tetap Lawan (Fight On), Ubah (Change), and, Ini Kalilah (This Is It) just became popular in the 2010s.
dbp:causes
* Protests against Barisan Nasional government under Fifth Mahathir cabinet * UMNO Factionalism * Other immediate causes
dbp:date
September 1998
dbp:goals
* Resignation of the longest serving Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad * Ending the Mahathirism * Reform movement for social equality, social justice and meritocracy
dbp:place
dbr:Malaysia
dbp:result
* Formation of Parti Keadilan Nasional * Defeat of many Barisan Nasional politicians to oppositions in the 1999 general election * Resignation of the longest serving Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad in 2003 * Release of Anwar from prison in 2004 * Barisan Nasional lost its two-thirds majority in Parliament in 2008 and 2013 elections * Barisan Nasional became opposition in 5 and 3 state legislative assemblies in 2008 and 2013 respectively
dbp:side
dbr:Government_of_Malaysia GAGASAN including SUARAM, DAP, PRM Slogan: Mahathir Undur, Undur Segera, Selamatkan Malaysia, Mahathir Letak Jawatan, Mahafiraun Mahazalim & Reformasi Mahathir's haters but supporting Barisan Nasional Mahathir's loyal supporters Slogan: Hidup Mahathir & Sayang Dr. Mahathir dbr:Royal_Malaysian_Police Reformists Activists ---- Slogan: Mahathir Undur, Negara OK & Biar Tak Suka PM, Janji Undi BN GERAK including 25 NGOs and PAS NGOs
dbp:title
Reformasi
dbp:howmany
Several hundred thousands
dbp:leadfigures
dbr:Anwar_Ibrahim dbr:Mahathir_Mohamad Barisan Nasional politicians
dbp:methods
* Civil disobedience * Demonstration * Sit-in * Rioting * Occupation * Online activism
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dbr:Movement
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