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Théorie du liage Binding (linguistics) Teoria da ligação
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In linguistics, binding is the distribution of anaphoric elements (pronouns and other pro-forms). A pronoun (a "bindee") usually has an antecedent (a "binder") in context. The goal of binding theory is to identify the syntactic relationship that can or must hold between a given pronoun or noun and its antecedent (or postcedent), e.g. Johni said hei would help vs. *Hei said Johni would help (the second sentence is not possible if he is intended to mean John). The idea that there should be a specialized, coherent theory dealing with this sort of phenomena originated in work in Transformational Grammar in the 1970s. This work culminated in Government and Binding Theory in the 1980s. The binding theory that became established at that time is still considered a reference point, though its valid En linguistique, la théorie du liage peut désigner n'importe laquelle des membres du grand groupe de théories ayant pour objet la distribution des éléments pronominaux et anaphoriques. L'idée selon laquelle il devrait y avoir une théorie spécialisée et cohérente s'occupant de ces phénomènes particuliers est apparue dans les travaux autour des grammaires transformationnelles dans les années 1970. Ces travaux culminèrent avec la théorie du gouvernement et du liage (en), une théorie générale de la structure linguistique innée dont la version de la théorie du liage est toujours considérée comme une référence, bien qu'elle ne soit plus d'actualité. La quasi-totalité des théories syntactiques génératives (telles que la HPSG et la grammaire lexicale-fonctionnelle) ont à présent une sous-partie s'
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En linguistique, la théorie du liage peut désigner n'importe laquelle des membres du grand groupe de théories ayant pour objet la distribution des éléments pronominaux et anaphoriques. L'idée selon laquelle il devrait y avoir une théorie spécialisée et cohérente s'occupant de ces phénomènes particuliers est apparue dans les travaux autour des grammaires transformationnelles dans les années 1970. Ces travaux culminèrent avec la théorie du gouvernement et du liage (en), une théorie générale de la structure linguistique innée dont la version de la théorie du liage est toujours considérée comme une référence, bien qu'elle ne soit plus d'actualité. La quasi-totalité des théories syntactiques génératives (telles que la HPSG et la grammaire lexicale-fonctionnelle) ont à présent une sous-partie s'occupant de la théorie du liage. In linguistics, binding is the distribution of anaphoric elements (pronouns and other pro-forms). A pronoun (a "bindee") usually has an antecedent (a "binder") in context. The goal of binding theory is to identify the syntactic relationship that can or must hold between a given pronoun or noun and its antecedent (or postcedent), e.g. Johni said hei would help vs. *Hei said Johni would help (the second sentence is not possible if he is intended to mean John). The idea that there should be a specialized, coherent theory dealing with this sort of phenomena originated in work in Transformational Grammar in the 1970s. This work culminated in Government and Binding Theory in the 1980s. The binding theory that became established at that time is still considered a reference point, though its validity is no longer accepted. Many theories of syntax now have a subtheory that addresses binding phenomena. These phenomena exist in all languages, although the behavior of binding can vary in interesting and nuanced ways across languages, even across languages that are closely related.
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