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Al-Muttaqui Al-Muttaqi Al-Muttaqi Аль-Муттаки Лиллах Al-Muttaqi Al-Muttaqi Al-Muttaqi إبراهيم المتقي لله
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Абу Исха́к Ибра́хи́м ибн Джафа́р аль-Муттаки́ Лилла́х (араб. أبو إسحاق إبراهيم المتقي لله‎‎; 908 — 968) — халиф из династии Аббасидов, правивший с 940 по 945 год. Abû Ishâq “Al-Muttaqî llâh” Ibrâhîm ben Ja`far al-Muqtadir surnommé Al-Muttaqî,est le fils de Al-Muqtadir. Il est né en 908. Il a succédé à son frère Ar-Râdî comme calife abbasside de Bagdad de 940 jusqu’en 944. Il est mort en 968. al-Muttaqi (arabisch أبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن جعفر المقتدر المتقي لله, DMG Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Ǧaʿfar al-Muqtadir al-Muttaqī llāh; † 968) war der einundzwanzigste Kalif der Abbasiden (940–944). Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Dscha'far al-Muqtadir al-Muttaqi llah wurde als Nachfolger seines Bruders ar-Radi (934–940) eingesetzt. Er war völlig machtlos den Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den türkischen und iranischen Militärführern ausgeliefert. أبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن المقتدر ابن المعتضد ابن الموفق طلحة ابن المتوكل ابن المعتصم ابن الرشيد الملقب بـالمتقي لله. ولد في سنة 295 هـ. وبويع له بالخلافة بعد موت أخيه الراضى سنة 329هـ. Al-Muttaqi (908 – July 968, Arabic: المتقي‎‎) was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 940 to 944. Of such little importance the Caliphate had become by now that when the previous Caliph ar-Radi died, Bajkam, amir al-umara (Amir of Amirs), contented himself with despatching to Baghdad his secretary, who assembled the chief men to elect a successor. The choice fell on the deceased Caliph's brother al-Muttaqi, who assumed the office after it had been some days vacant; and whose first act was to send a banner and dress of honor to Bajkam, a needless confirmation of his rank. Dopo la morte del Califfo al-Radi, Bajkam (il militare turco che aveva ricevuto il titolo di amīr al-umarāʾ, cioè "Comandante dei comandanti"), stava conducendo una campagna contro un emiro persiano di nome al-Baridi, che in passato fu vizir, e stava cercando di creare un proprio regno indipendente, dopo aver preso il controllo di al-Madain, a sud di Baghdad. Tuzun morì poco dopo. Al-Muttaqi morì nel 968. Al-Mutaqqi (árabe المتقي), Abu Ishaq Al-Muttaqi Illah Ibrahim ben Jáfar al-Muqtadir fue un califa abasí de Bagdad durante el periodo 940-944. Hijo de Al-Muqtadir, nació en 908 y murió en 968. Al-Muttaqi foi o califa abássida entre 940 e 944.
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المتقي Al-Muttaqi
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Abbasid caliph
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Ibrahim
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Abû Ishâq “Al-Muttaqî llâh” Ibrâhîm ben Ja`far al-Muqtadir surnommé Al-Muttaqî,est le fils de Al-Muqtadir. Il est né en 908. Il a succédé à son frère Ar-Râdî comme calife abbasside de Bagdad de 940 jusqu’en 944. Il est mort en 968. Al-Muttaqi (908 – July 968, Arabic: المتقي‎‎) was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 940 to 944. Of such little importance the Caliphate had become by now that when the previous Caliph ar-Radi died, Bajkam, amir al-umara (Amir of Amirs), contented himself with despatching to Baghdad his secretary, who assembled the chief men to elect a successor. The choice fell on the deceased Caliph's brother al-Muttaqi, who assumed the office after it had been some days vacant; and whose first act was to send a banner and dress of honor to Bajkam, a needless confirmation of his rank. Bajkam, before returning to Wasit, where he now held his court, went out on a hunting party, and met his death at the hands of a band of marauding Kurds. The Capital again became the scene of renewed anarchy. Muhammad ibn Ra'iq, Caliph's amīr al-umarāʾ, persuaded the Caliph to flee with him to Mosul. Al-Muttaqi was welcomed there by the Hamdanid dynasty, who organized a campaign to restore him to the capital. But their ends were purely selfish; they assassinated Ibn Ra'iq, and having added his Syrian government to their own, turned their ambition towards Baghdad. The Hamdanid chief, with the title of Nasir al-Dawla, advanced on Baghdad with the Caliph. But however powerful the Hamdanid chiefs were at home amongst their Arab brethren, and splendid their victories over the Greeks, they found it a different thing to rule at Baghdad, due to foreign mercenaries and the well-organised Turkish forces in the city. And so in less than a year, the Hamdanid chieftains had to return to Mosul; for a Turkish general called Tuzun, entered Baghdad in triumph, and was saluted as amir al-umara. But fresh proceedings against his enemy obliged Tuzun to quit the capital; and during his absence a conspiracy broke out which placed the Caliph in danger, and obliged him again to appeal to the Hamdanid prince for help. Troops sent in response enabled him to escape; he fled to Mosul and after that to Nusaybin. Shortly after, peace being restored between Tuzun and the Hamdanid chiefs, al-Muttaqi took up his residence at al-Raqqah — a fugitive in the city which had so often been the proud court of his illustrious ancestors. Later, al-Muttaqi threw himself into the hands of Tuzun, who swore with the most sacred oaths that he would render true and faithful service. But he soon after deposed him from the Caliphate, and had his sight destroyed. The same day, Tuzun installed the blinded Caliph's cousin as his successor, with the title of al-Mustakfi, "For whom the Lord suffices". Dopo la morte del Califfo al-Radi, Bajkam (il militare turco che aveva ricevuto il titolo di amīr al-umarāʾ, cioè "Comandante dei comandanti"), stava conducendo una campagna contro un emiro persiano di nome al-Baridi, che in passato fu vizir, e stava cercando di creare un proprio regno indipendente, dopo aver preso il controllo di al-Madain, a sud di Baghdad. Bajkam mandò un suo segretario con il compito di organizzare una consultazione tra la nobiltà, per eleggere un successore. Venne eletto al-Muttaqi, fratello minore di al-Radi. Al-Muttaqi accettò l'investitura, e come segno di apprezzamento, il suo primo atto da Califfo fu quello di inviare una bandiera e una lussuosa veste d'onore a Bajkam. Bajkam, dopo aver sconfitto al-Baridi, morì durante una battuta di caccia, ucciso da dei predoni curdi. Baghdad cadde nell'anarchia. Le truppe daylamite e turche si unirono ad al-Baridi, che riuscì a prendere il controllo di Wasit e Baghdad, facendosi nominare amīr al-umarāʾ.Dopo poche settimane al-Baridi fu costretto a fuggire e venne sostituito da un daylamita di nome Kurtekin. La tirannia di quest'ultimo era tale che il Califfo si rivolse a Ibn Rāʾiq, governatore della Siria, chiedendoli di aiutarlo a cacciare Kurtekin. Intanto al-Baridi, che detenave ancora Wasit, si preparò ad attaccare Baghdad. Ibn Rāʾiq convinse il Califfo a fuggire con lui a Mossul. Al-Muttaqi venne ben accolto dai Hamdanidi, che organizzarono una campagna per farlo tornare sul trono di Baghdad. L'emiro hamdanide di Mossul, al-Hasan "Nasir al-Dawla" fece uccidere Ibn Rāʾiq nel 941, annettendo così la Siria ai suoi territori. Al-Hasan riuscì cacciare al-Baridi da Baghdad. Nonostante il loro potere, le loro vittorie contro i Bizantini e le loro origini arabe, i Hamdanidi non vennero ben accolti a Baghdad. I mercenari turchi non permisro loro di prendere il potere nella città. Nel 942 uno dei capi militari turchi, Tuzun, che avevano appena sconfitto al-Baridi a Bassora, entrò trionfalmente a Baghdad, dove venne ben accolto e gli venne conferito il titolo di amīr al-umarāʾ. Tuzun dovette lasciare la città poco dopo. Durante la sua assenza un complotto mise il Califfo in pericolo, costringendolo a chiedere di nuovo aiuto ai Hamdanidi. Il Califfo fuggì nuovamente a Mossul. Nel 944, i Hamdanidi e Tuzun stipularono un trattato di pace. Al-Muttaqi si ritirò a Raqqa.Rifugiato a Raqqa per diversi mesi sotto la protezione dei Hamdanidi, al-Muttaqi fece appello ad un suo ex vassallo, il governatore d'Egitto Muhammad ibn Tughj. Ibn Tughj rispose positivamente al Califfo, giurandoli fedeltà e inviandoli doni sontuosi. Invitò il Califfo a rifugiarsi in Egitto per allontanarsi ulteriormente da Tuzun. Questa offerta venne vista dai Hamdanidi come un tenativo del signore d'Egitto di influenzare il Califfo e annettere la Siria ai suoi domini. Al-Muttaqi rifiutò l'offerta di tutela, e, nel 944, fece rientro a Baghdad, gettandosi nelle mani di Tuzun, che gli aveva promesso sicurezza se fosse rientrato a Baghdad. Appena arrivò nella città Tuzun gli fece cavare gli occhi e lo depose, nominando nuovo califfo al-Mustakfi, cugino di al-Muttaqi. Tuzun morì poco dopo. Al-Muttaqi morì nel 968. أبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن المقتدر ابن المعتضد ابن الموفق طلحة ابن المتوكل ابن المعتصم ابن الرشيد الملقب بـالمتقي لله. ولد في سنة 295 هـ. وبويع له بالخلافة بعد موت أخيه الراضى سنة 329هـ. Al-Muttaqi foi o califa abássida entre 940 e 944. al-Muttaqi (arabisch أبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن جعفر المقتدر المتقي لله, DMG Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Ǧaʿfar al-Muqtadir al-Muttaqī llāh; † 968) war der einundzwanzigste Kalif der Abbasiden (940–944). Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Dscha'far al-Muqtadir al-Muttaqi llah wurde als Nachfolger seines Bruders ar-Radi (934–940) eingesetzt. Er war völlig machtlos den Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den türkischen und iranischen Militärführern ausgeliefert. Wegen der zunehmenden Anarchie auf Grund der Kämpfe brachen immer wieder Unruhen und Hungersnöte in Bagdad aus. Die Situation spitzte sich so zu, dass al-Mutaqqi nach Mossul floh und den Hamdaniden Nasir ad-Daula zum Regenten ernannte. Zwar besetzten die Hamdaniden 942 und 944 Bagdad, doch konnten sie sich nicht gegen die verschiedenen Militärführer der Söldnertruppen behaupten. Nachdem al-Mutaqqi 944 erneut nach Mossul geflohen war, ließ er sich nach Bagdad zurücklocken, wo er am 12. Oktober 944 abgesetzt und geblendet wurde. Абу Исха́к Ибра́хи́м ибн Джафа́р аль-Муттаки́ Лилла́х (араб. أبو إسحاق إبراهيم المتقي لله‎‎; 908 — 968) — халиф из династии Аббасидов, правивший с 940 по 945 год. Al-Mutaqqi (árabe المتقي), Abu Ishaq Al-Muttaqi Illah Ibrahim ben Jáfar al-Muqtadir fue un califa abasí de Bagdad durante el periodo 940-944. Hijo de Al-Muqtadir, nació en 908 y murió en 968.
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21 Abbasid caliph in Baghdad
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Abbasid Caliph dbr:List_of_Caliphs
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940
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