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Agatirno Agathyrnum
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Agatirno (griego Ὰγάθυρνον) fue una ciudad del noreste de Sicilia entre Tíndaris y Caronia, cerca del actual Capo d'Orlando. Se atribuye su nombre a Agatirno hijo del dios Eolo. El geógrafo griego Estrabón dice que era una pequeña villa situada a unas 30 millas de Tíndaris. Esteban de Bizancio se refiere a ella como polis. Agathyrnum or Agathyrna (Ancient Greek: Ἀγάθυρνα), was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily between Tyndaris and Calacte. It was supposed to have derived its name from Agathyrnus, a son of Aeolus, who is said to have settled in this part of Sicily. But though it may be inferred from this story that it was an ancient city, and probably of Sicelian origin, we find no mention of it in history until after Sicily became a Roman province. During the Second Punic War it became the headquarters of a band of robbers and freebooters, who extended their ravages over the neighboring country, but were reduced by the consul Laevinus in 210 BCE, who transported 4000 of them to Rhegium. It very probably was deprived on this occasion of the municipal rights conceded to most of the Sicilian towns, w
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Agathyrnum or Agathyrna (Ancient Greek: Ἀγάθυρνα), was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily between Tyndaris and Calacte. It was supposed to have derived its name from Agathyrnus, a son of Aeolus, who is said to have settled in this part of Sicily. But though it may be inferred from this story that it was an ancient city, and probably of Sicelian origin, we find no mention of it in history until after Sicily became a Roman province. During the Second Punic War it became the headquarters of a band of robbers and freebooters, who extended their ravages over the neighboring country, but were reduced by the consul Laevinus in 210 BCE, who transported 4000 of them to Rhegium. It very probably was deprived on this occasion of the municipal rights conceded to most of the Sicilian towns, which may account for our finding no notice of it in Cicero, though it is mentioned by Strabo among the few cities still subsisting on the north coast of Sicily, as well as afterwards by Pliny, Ptolemy and the Itineraries. Agatirno (griego Ὰγάθυρνον) fue una ciudad del noreste de Sicilia entre Tíndaris y Caronia, cerca del actual Capo d'Orlando. Se atribuye su nombre a Agatirno hijo del dios Eolo. El geógrafo griego Estrabón dice que era una pequeña villa situada a unas 30 millas de Tíndaris. Esteban de Bizancio se refiere a ella como polis. Durante la segunda guerra púnica se convirtió en la sede de un grupo organizado de bandidos que saqueaban las cercanías y fueron sometidos por el cónsul Marco Valerio Levino el 210 a. C., en que se establecieron cuatro mil en Rhegio. Probablemente entonces la ciudad fue privada de los derechos municipales porque no es mencionada por Cicerón, pero Estrabón dice que fue una de las ciudades subsistentes de la parte norte de Sicilia, y aparece también en Claudio Ptolomeo y en el Itinerario de Antonino. Se han hallado algunos restos arqueológicos de los siglos V al III a. C. de la ciudad y del cementerio. No acuñó monedas, pero en las monedas de bronce del siglo IV a. C, de Tíndaris, figura en el anverso ΤΥΝΔΑΡΙΣ y en el reverso ΑΓΑΦΥΡΝΟΣ, que puede revelar algún tipo de relación entre ambas ciudades.
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