Zhu Zaiyu (Chinese: 朱載堉) (1536 - 19 May 1611) was a prince of the Ming dynasty of China. In 1584, Prince Zhu innovatively described the equal temperament via accurate mathematical calculation. Zhu was born in Qinyang, Henan Province to an aristocratic family, the sixth-generation descendant of the Hongxi Emperor, the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Zhu inherited the title the Prince of Zheng in 1593, but quickly resigned it to his cousin. On the emperor's order, he was granted a new princely title in 1606, the year he delivered a set of ten musicological treatises to the court, establishing his scholarly merit. His posthumous name was 鄭端靖世子 ("His Excellency The Dauphin of Zheng")

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  • Zhu Zaiyu (chinesisch 朱載堉 / 朱载堉, Pinyin Zhū Zàiyù, W.-G. Chu Tsai-yü; * 1536 in Huaiqing, Henan - das heutige Qinyang in Jiaozuo; † 1610) war ein Prinz der chinesischen Ming-Dynastie und ein Mathematiker und Musikwissenschaftler. Die gleichstufige Stimmung konnte von ihm im Jahr 1584 mithilfe eines Systems neunstelliger Zahlen erstmals relativ genau berechnet werden. Er schrieb unter anderem das Werk Caoman Guqinpu (操縵古琴譜) über das Qin-Spiel. Sein Grab in der Stadt Qinyang steht auf der Liste der Denkmäler der Volksrepublik China (5-174). (de)
  • Zhu Zaiyu (Chinese: 朱載堉) (1536 - 19 May 1611) was a prince of the Ming dynasty of China. In 1584, Prince Zhu innovatively described the equal temperament via accurate mathematical calculation. Zhu was born in Qinyang, Henan Province to an aristocratic family, the sixth-generation descendant of the Hongxi Emperor, the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Zhu inherited the title the Prince of Zheng in 1593, but quickly resigned it to his cousin. On the emperor's order, he was granted a new princely title in 1606, the year he delivered a set of ten musicological treatises to the court, establishing his scholarly merit. His posthumous name was 鄭端靖世子 ("His Excellency The Dauphin of Zheng") Zhu wrote on music theory and temperament (five treatises survive), music history (two treatises survive), dance and dance music (five treatises survive), and several other works. Three music theory works in particular are associated with the ideas of equal temperament, the「律學新說」 (" on the equal temperament ", 1584), 「律呂精義」("A clear explanation of that which concerns the equal temperament", 1595/96), and 「算學新說」(" Reflection on mathematics", 1603). His work has been described as "the crowning achievement of two millennia of acoustical experiment and research (Robinson 1962:224)" and he is described as "one of the most important historians of his nation's music." * * * * Zhu Zaiyu's equal temperament ratio in The Complete Works in Yuelu * * * Zhu also wrote treatises (three survive) on astronomy, physics, mathematics and calendrics, calculated the magnetic declination of Peking, the mass density of mercury and accurately described the duration of one tropical year to correct the Ming calendar. (en)
  • 朱載堉(1536年-1610年),字伯勤,號句曲山人。明宗室鄭恭王朱厚烷嫡子,出生於懷慶(今河南沁陽)。為明仁宗第二子鄭靖王朱瞻埈之後,明太祖朱元璋的九世孫。明代樂律學家、音乐家、數學家、舞学家、樂器制造家、物理学家、天文学家、散曲作家,首創著名的十二平均律。西方人稱讚他為『東方百科藝術全書式的人物』。 (zh)
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  • Zhu Zaiyu (chinesisch 朱載堉 / 朱载堉, Pinyin Zhū Zàiyù, W.-G. Chu Tsai-yü; * 1536 in Huaiqing, Henan - das heutige Qinyang in Jiaozuo; † 1610) war ein Prinz der chinesischen Ming-Dynastie und ein Mathematiker und Musikwissenschaftler. Die gleichstufige Stimmung konnte von ihm im Jahr 1584 mithilfe eines Systems neunstelliger Zahlen erstmals relativ genau berechnet werden. Er schrieb unter anderem das Werk Caoman Guqinpu (操縵古琴譜) über das Qin-Spiel. Sein Grab in der Stadt Qinyang steht auf der Liste der Denkmäler der Volksrepublik China (5-174). (de)
  • 朱載堉(1536年-1610年),字伯勤,號句曲山人。明宗室鄭恭王朱厚烷嫡子,出生於懷慶(今河南沁陽)。為明仁宗第二子鄭靖王朱瞻埈之後,明太祖朱元璋的九世孫。明代樂律學家、音乐家、數學家、舞学家、樂器制造家、物理学家、天文学家、散曲作家,首創著名的十二平均律。西方人稱讚他為『東方百科藝術全書式的人物』。 (zh)
  • Zhu Zaiyu (Chinese: 朱載堉) (1536 - 19 May 1611) was a prince of the Ming dynasty of China. In 1584, Prince Zhu innovatively described the equal temperament via accurate mathematical calculation. Zhu was born in Qinyang, Henan Province to an aristocratic family, the sixth-generation descendant of the Hongxi Emperor, the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Zhu inherited the title the Prince of Zheng in 1593, but quickly resigned it to his cousin. On the emperor's order, he was granted a new princely title in 1606, the year he delivered a set of ten musicological treatises to the court, establishing his scholarly merit. His posthumous name was 鄭端靖世子 ("His Excellency The Dauphin of Zheng") (en)
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  • Zhu Zaiyu (de)
  • Zhu Zaiyu (en)
  • 朱載堉 (zh)
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  • Zhu Zaiyu (en)
  • Zhu Zaiyu, Prince of Zheng (en)
  • Family name: Zhu (朱) (en)
  • Given name: Zaiyu (載堉) (en)
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