The Convair XGAM-71 Buck Duck was a decoy missile that was developed by Convair in the late 1950s. It was intended to have the same radar signature as the Strategic Air Command's B-36 bomber, thereby allowing it to disrupt the enemy's air defenses and dilute their effort to shoot down an incoming bomber fleet. To fit in the bomb bay of a B-36, the GAM-71 was relatively small; its wings were folded when it was stowed in the bay. To mimic the radar cross-section of the B-36, it carried radar reflectors.

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dbo:abstract
  • Il Convair XGAM-71 Buck Duck (anatra maschio) era un ingannatore radar attivo (decoy) ideato per essere lanciato dai bombardieri strategici dell'U.S. Air Force come contromisura elettronica.Fu progettato per imitare l'eco radar del bombardiere Convair B-36, con lo scopo di disperdere le forze della difesa aerea dell'Unione Sovietica, generando falsi bersagli durante un attacco strategico. La Convair costruì il primo prototipo con propri finanziamenti, ma ricevette un contratto ufficiale di sviluppo dall'USAF il 16 agosto 1954. Il progetto venne identificato con la sigla MX-2224 che venne cambiato in GAM-71 per la produzione. Il piano di utilizzo inizialmente contemplato dall'aeronautica americana prevedeva che uno dei tre B-36 componenti la formazione di attacco standard avrebbe assunto un ruolo esclusivo di supporto per la guerra elettronica venendo equipaggiato esclusivamente con 7 ingannatori GAM-71. Il B-36 poteva trasportare 2 GAM-71 per ogni vano bombe (tranne il vano numero 3). In teoria sarebbero state possibili configurazioni miste bombe-decoy, ma non vennero mai prese in considerazione dall'USAF. Per rispondere a questo requisito, il GAM-71 venne ideato di piccole dimensioni e con ali ripiegabili durante il trasporto nel vano bombe. Per simulare le dimensioni del bombardiere B-36 vennero installati sull'ingannatore dei riflettori radar. I test in caduta libera vennero iniziati sul prototipo XGAM-71 nel febbraio del 1955 utilizzando un B-29 come aereo madre. Il programma subì ritardi per mancanza di fondi e perché la Convair aveva altre priorità. Vennero effettuati 7 voli prova prima che il programma venisse cancellato nel 1956, presumibilmente anche in previsione del ritiro dal servizio del B-36 che avrebbe dovuto equipaggiare e che avvenne effettivamente agli inizi del 1959. (it)
  • The Convair XGAM-71 Buck Duck was a decoy missile that was developed by Convair in the late 1950s. It was intended to have the same radar signature as the Strategic Air Command's B-36 bomber, thereby allowing it to disrupt the enemy's air defenses and dilute their effort to shoot down an incoming bomber fleet. Convair built the first prototype using their own funds, but received an official development contract from the United States Air Force on 16 August 1954. The project designation was MX-2224. When the Air Force decided to put the project into production, it received the designation GAM-71. As initially envisioned by the Air Force, one B-36 in the typical three-plane attack formation would be filled entirely with GAM-71s, carrying a total of seven. A total of two decoys could be carried in each bomb bay (except three), and a mixed load was also possible although the Air Force did not specify that it intended to use mixed loads. To fit in the bomb bay of a B-36, the GAM-71 was relatively small; its wings were folded when it was stowed in the bay. To mimic the radar cross-section of the B-36, it carried radar reflectors. In February 1955, glide tests of XGAM-71 prototypes began using a modified B-29 Superfortress as the mothership. However, the program was delayed due to funding issues. Convair also had higher priorities. A total of seven flights were conducted before the program was cancelled in January 1956, an event that Jenkins attributes to the imminent B-36 phase-out. (en)
dbo:manufacturer
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 6325668 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 654035470 (xsd:integer)
dbp:ceilingFt
  • 40000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:crew
  • None
dbp:eng1Lbf
  • 90 (xsd:integer)
dbp:eng1Name
  • Aerojet XLR-85-AJ-1
dbp:eng1Number
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
dbp:eng1Type
dbp:firstFlight
  • 1955-02-14 (xsd:date)
dbp:grossWeightLb
  • 1550 (xsd:integer)
dbp:heightM
  • 1.300000 (xsd:double)
dbp:lengthFt
  • 13 (xsd:integer)
dbp:maxSpeedMach
  • 0.550000 (xsd:double)
dbp:primaryUser
dbp:primeUnits?_
  • imp
dbp:rangeMiles
  • 230 (xsd:integer)
dbp:ref
  • Magnesium Overcast; The Evolution of the Cruise Missile Parsch 2007
dbp:seeAlso
  • * Convair B-36 Peacemaker
dbp:similarAircraft
  • * ADM-20 Quail * List of military aircraft of the United States * List of missiles
dbp:spanFt
  • 14 (xsd:integer)
dbp:status
  • Cancelled January 1956
dbp:type
  • Decoy missile
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • The Convair XGAM-71 Buck Duck was a decoy missile that was developed by Convair in the late 1950s. It was intended to have the same radar signature as the Strategic Air Command's B-36 bomber, thereby allowing it to disrupt the enemy's air defenses and dilute their effort to shoot down an incoming bomber fleet. To fit in the bomb bay of a B-36, the GAM-71 was relatively small; its wings were folded when it was stowed in the bay. To mimic the radar cross-section of the B-36, it carried radar reflectors. (en)
  • Il Convair XGAM-71 Buck Duck (anatra maschio) era un ingannatore radar attivo (decoy) ideato per essere lanciato dai bombardieri strategici dell'U.S. Air Force come contromisura elettronica.Fu progettato per imitare l'eco radar del bombardiere Convair B-36, con lo scopo di disperdere le forze della difesa aerea dell'Unione Sovietica, generando falsi bersagli durante un attacco strategico. (it)
rdfs:label
  • XGAM-71 Buck Duck (en)
  • XGAM-71 Buck Duck (it)
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