The simple name, Woomera, generally refers to an iconic Australian 'town' located in South Australia's Far North region, approximately 446 kilometres (277 mi) north of Adelaide, the capital of the State of South Australia. In reality, 'Woomera' also refers to the wider 'Woomera Range Complex' (WRC), a huge Defence systems testing range covering an area of approximately 122,000 square kilometres (47,000 sq mi) (roughly an area the size of England).

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  • Woomera ist eine Stadt im australischen Bundesstaat South Australia. Der Ort lag bis ins Jahr 1982 im militärisch genutzten Sperrgebiet Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA, auch Woomera Sperrgebiet) und war nur mit Genehmigung zu erreichen. In den 1960er-Jahren, vor der Einrichtung des Sperrgebietes, hatte der Ort bis zu 6.000 Einwohner, nach der Eröffnung des Sperrgebiets ging die Einwohnerzahl zeitweise auf unter 200 zurück, heute hat sie sich bei etwa 200 stabilisiert. Seit der offiziellen Aufhebung des Sperrgebiets ist Woomera offen zugänglich, einzelne Anlagen sind aber bis heute in Betrieb. Die wichtigste Einnahmequelle ist heute der Tourismus, nachdem die Aktivitäten im WPA zurückgingen. Die meisten Touristen kommen, um die Anlagen der WPA zu besichtigen. Woomera liegt am Stuart Highway, der von Port Augusta nach Darwin im Norden Australiens führt. Der Name des Ortes stammt von der gleichnamigen Waffe der Aborigine (Woomera), einem Wurfspeer mit Schleudervorrichtung ähnlich dem amerikanischen Atlatl. (de)
  • The simple name, Woomera, generally refers to an iconic Australian 'town' located in South Australia's Far North region, approximately 446 kilometres (277 mi) north of Adelaide, the capital of the State of South Australia. In reality, 'Woomera' also refers to the wider 'Woomera Range Complex' (WRC), a huge Defence systems testing range covering an area of approximately 122,000 square kilometres (47,000 sq mi) (roughly an area the size of England). Today, Woomera 'township' is in fact part of a new Australian Defence Force base (RAAF Base Woomera) which, along with the 'Woomera Test Range' (WTR), forms the larger entity known as the 'Woomera Range Complex' (WRC). The WRC is the latest name for this historic aerospace testing range and was promulgated by Chief of Air Force (CAF) in June 2014. RAAF Base Woomera came into existence on 12 January 2015, and No.20 (Woomera) Squadron, was officially reformed as the WRC base combat support squadron at a ceremony at Woomera on 1 April 2015. Woomera Range Headquarters is the primary organisation which operates the facility on behalf of Chief of Air Force. Woomera 'Village' (as it has always been known as) is a Defence owned and operated facility. RAAF Base Woomera, when it was established in January 2015, also included the RAAF Woomera Aerodrome, which is approximately 6 km north of Woomera Village. The aerodrome lies within the 'Red Zone' of the Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA) and public access to this part of the base is not permitted. Woomera Village, however, is within a 'Green Zone' area of the WPA and thus public access to the facilities and services of Woomera, including the several museums located in this historic site is permitted year round. Visitors may also stay in the Defence operated 'Eldo Hotel', and there is a privately operated public caravan park at the entrance to Woomera Village. Woomera Village initially operated as a 'closed town' between 1947 and 1982, when the facility supported the operations of the Woomera Rocket Range during the Anglo-Australia Project. Since 1982, the general public has been able to visit and stay at Woomera. However, only Australian Government personnel (mostly Defence)and contractors to the Commonwealth are able to live at Woomera on a permanent basis. The current permanent population of the town is 136 (2015). The Woomera Range was first established in 1947 as a Department of Defence rocket testing range. Since its construction over 1947–53, Woomera Village has essentially operated under a specialised Commonwealth/Defence 'township' management model rather than a local government (council) model. At the height of its operations, over 7000 people lived in Woomera Village. To service the needs of the town during its heyday (1947–99), the 'Woomera Board', staffed by members of the Defence community at Woomera 'elected' to the Board by town residents, essentially acted in the role normally provided by a local government council. However, the creation of a Defence Estate management organisation in the 1990s shifted the focus of the Board's activities away for estate and infrastructure management toward principally that of a base welfare organisation supporting the small permanent community and the large number of transit Defence personnel who deploy to Woomera each year. While the WRC operates under the higher management of Woomera Range Headquarters (WRHQ), located at RAAF Base Edinburgh, the operation of the Base itself is co-managed by the RAAF's Combat Support Group (CSG) and Defence Estate & Infrastructure Group (DEIG). CSG focus on the operational aspects of the base's role, while DEIG focuses on ensuring the base's (and the Range's) facilities and general infrastructure remains fit for the purpose it is needed to support the Range's activities. "Woomera Village" as it has been unofficially known since its establishment in 1947 has always been and continues to be the domestic support facility for the Woomera Test Range (formerly called "the Woomera Rocket Range"). The WPA covers an area of approximately 122,000 km2 (as of November 2014) forms the essential ground area of the whole Range Complex. The Nurrungar Test Area (NTA) is 18 km south of Woomera, and although not within the WPA, it is under the operational control of Woomera Range Headquarters in Adelaide. The Range was first established in support of the Anglo-Australian Joint Project. This 'cold-war' project focussed on the development of long-range weapons systems, principally to counter the growing intercontinental ballistic missile threat from the former Soviet Union. The 'cold-war' heyday of the Range was 1947 to about 1972. In 1980 the Anglo-Australia Project was closed and the range itself saw little use until about 1991 when the RAAF's Aircraft Research and Development Unit (ARDU) took over the old instrumented range from Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO). Since that time, the RAAF has gradually assumed full control of the entire facility. The Range today is much smaller than it was in 1947, but still covers one-seventh of the State of South Australia. Although there are now several major mines established within the WPA, the Woomera support base is the only permanently established 'township' facility in the WPA. The WPA, which covers an area of just over 122,000 km2 - or an area roughly one and half times the size of Scotland or similar in area to the US State of New York, is the world's largest land-based instrumented defence systems test and evaluation range facility. (en)
  • Woomera Village, (en español Aldea de Woomera) o simplemente Woomera, es una localidad australiana ubicada al noroeste del estado de Australia Meridional que sirve de apoyo y reabastecimiento para el Campo de Experimentación de Proyectiles de Woomera. Woomera se encuentra dentro de los límites del complejo. Oficialmente, es una instalación de propiedad de la Fuerza de Defensa Australiana, es administrada por la Defence Support & Reform Group (DSRG) en nombre de la Real Fuerza Aérea Australiana y allí residen los investigadores empleados en los laboratorios del campo de experimentación. Los aborígenes que vivían en este desierto fueron trasladados a otras regiones. La localidad tiene una población permanente de 200 habitantes. Woomera también es el nombre de un arma de impulso que utilizaban los aborígenes y conocida como átlatl en otras culturas y com propulsor en el Paleolítico. (es)
  • Woomera est un village d'environ 300 habitants de l'outback, situé en plein cœur de l'Australie-Méridionale à près de 500 km au nord-ouest d'Adélaïde sur la "Stuart Highway".Son nom provient d'un mot aborigène "Eora" qui désigne une arme de chasse. Cette identité a été choisie en raison de l'installation d'activités militaires en limite de la ville: la Base de lancement de Woomera. (fr)
  • Woomera è il nome dato ad un'area dell'Australia meridionale che comprende: la Zona Proibita di Woomera; il poligono militare Woomera Test Range, con il Cosmodromo di Woomera; la città di Woomera. (it)
  • ウーメラ(Woomera)はサウスオーストラリア州の村である。アデレードからスチュアート・ハイウェイ(Stuart Highway)を北へ500km弱北上すると、ピンバ(Pimba)のあたりで西に方向を変えるが、このピンバから北へ分岐する道(ロクスビー・ダウンズ・ロード(Roxby Downs Road))に入り、北へ約7kmのところにある。南緯31度12分 東経136度49分 / 南緯31.200度 東経136.817度。 元々は北西に隣接するウーメラ立入制限区域(Woomera Prohibited Area; WPA)の維持・管理、およびウーメラ試験設備(Woomera Test Facility; WTF)での試験サポートのための宿泊・生活のためにできた人工の村であるが、近年は観光や旅行の中継地としての役割も果たす。 「ウーメラ」はアボリジニの地名に由来する。1999年から2003年までウーメラ移住受付処理センターという亡命希望者と難民を収容する施設があり、物議を醸した。 (ja)
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  • Woomera est un village d'environ 300 habitants de l'outback, situé en plein cœur de l'Australie-Méridionale à près de 500 km au nord-ouest d'Adélaïde sur la "Stuart Highway".Son nom provient d'un mot aborigène "Eora" qui désigne une arme de chasse. Cette identité a été choisie en raison de l'installation d'activités militaires en limite de la ville: la Base de lancement de Woomera. (fr)
  • Woomera è il nome dato ad un'area dell'Australia meridionale che comprende: la Zona Proibita di Woomera; il poligono militare Woomera Test Range, con il Cosmodromo di Woomera; la città di Woomera. (it)
  • ウーメラ(Woomera)はサウスオーストラリア州の村である。アデレードからスチュアート・ハイウェイ(Stuart Highway)を北へ500km弱北上すると、ピンバ(Pimba)のあたりで西に方向を変えるが、このピンバから北へ分岐する道(ロクスビー・ダウンズ・ロード(Roxby Downs Road))に入り、北へ約7kmのところにある。南緯31度12分 東経136度49分 / 南緯31.200度 東経136.817度。 元々は北西に隣接するウーメラ立入制限区域(Woomera Prohibited Area; WPA)の維持・管理、およびウーメラ試験設備(Woomera Test Facility; WTF)での試験サポートのための宿泊・生活のためにできた人工の村であるが、近年は観光や旅行の中継地としての役割も果たす。 「ウーメラ」はアボリジニの地名に由来する。1999年から2003年までウーメラ移住受付処理センターという亡命希望者と難民を収容する施設があり、物議を醸した。 (ja)
  • The simple name, Woomera, generally refers to an iconic Australian 'town' located in South Australia's Far North region, approximately 446 kilometres (277 mi) north of Adelaide, the capital of the State of South Australia. In reality, 'Woomera' also refers to the wider 'Woomera Range Complex' (WRC), a huge Defence systems testing range covering an area of approximately 122,000 square kilometres (47,000 sq mi) (roughly an area the size of England). (en)
  • Woomera ist eine Stadt im australischen Bundesstaat South Australia. Der Ort lag bis ins Jahr 1982 im militärisch genutzten Sperrgebiet Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA, auch Woomera Sperrgebiet) und war nur mit Genehmigung zu erreichen. In den 1960er-Jahren, vor der Einrichtung des Sperrgebietes, hatte der Ort bis zu 6.000 Einwohner, nach der Eröffnung des Sperrgebiets ging die Einwohnerzahl zeitweise auf unter 200 zurück, heute hat sie sich bei etwa 200 stabilisiert. Seit der offiziellen Aufhebung des Sperrgebiets ist Woomera offen zugänglich, einzelne Anlagen sind aber bis heute in Betrieb. Die wichtigste Einnahmequelle ist heute der Tourismus, nachdem die Aktivitäten im WPA zurückgingen. Die meisten Touristen kommen, um die Anlagen der WPA zu besichtigen. (de)
  • Woomera Village, (en español Aldea de Woomera) o simplemente Woomera, es una localidad australiana ubicada al noroeste del estado de Australia Meridional que sirve de apoyo y reabastecimiento para el Campo de Experimentación de Proyectiles de Woomera. Woomera se encuentra dentro de los límites del complejo. Oficialmente, es una instalación de propiedad de la Fuerza de Defensa Australiana, es administrada por la Defence Support & Reform Group (DSRG) en nombre de la Real Fuerza Aérea Australiana y allí residen los investigadores empleados en los laboratorios del campo de experimentación. Los aborígenes que vivían en este desierto fueron trasladados a otras regiones. La localidad tiene una población permanente de 200 habitantes. (es)
rdfs:label
  • Woomera, South Australia (en)
  • Woomera (Australien) (de)
  • Woomera (es)
  • Woomera (fr)
  • Woomera (it)
  • ウーメラ (ja)
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