Wolfowitz Doctrine is an unofficial name given to the initial version of the Defense Planning Guidance for the 1994–99 fiscal years (dated February 18, 1992) authored by Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz and his deputy Scooter Libby. Not intended for public release, it was leaked to the New York Times on March 7, 1992, and sparked a public controversy about U.S. foreign and defense policy. The document was widely criticized as imperialist as the document outlined a policy of unilateralism and pre-emptive military action to suppress potential threats from other nations and prevent any other nation from rising to superpower status.

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  • Wolfowitz Doctrine is an unofficial name given to the initial version of the Defense Planning Guidance for the 1994–99 fiscal years (dated February 18, 1992) authored by Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz and his deputy Scooter Libby. Not intended for public release, it was leaked to the New York Times on March 7, 1992, and sparked a public controversy about U.S. foreign and defense policy. The document was widely criticized as imperialist as the document outlined a policy of unilateralism and pre-emptive military action to suppress potential threats from other nations and prevent any other nation from rising to superpower status. Such was the outcry that the document was hastily re-written under the close supervision of U.S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell before being officially released on April 16, 1992. Many of its tenets re-emerged in the Bush Doctrine, which was described by Senator Edward M. Kennedy as "a call for 21st century American imperialism that no other nation can or should accept." Although Wolfowitz was ultimately responsible for the Defense Planning Guidance, as it was released through his office and was reflective of his overall outlook, he did not participate in its drafting, nor saw it before it was publicly released. The task of preparing the document fell to Libby, who delegated the process of writing the new strategy to Zalmay Khalizad, a member of Libby's staff and longtime aide to Wolfowitz. In the initial phase of drafting the document, Khalizad solicited the opinions of a wide cross-section of Pentagon insiders and outsiders, including Andrew Marshall, Richard Perle, and Wolfowitz's University of Chicago mentor, the nuclear strategist Albert Wohlstetter. Completing the draft in March of 1992, Khalizad requested permission from Libby to circulate it to other officials within the Pentagon. Libby assented and within three days Khalizad's draft was released to the New York Times by "an official who believ[ed] this post-cold war strategy debate should be carried out in the public domain." (en)
  • La dottrina Wolfowitz è un indirizzo di politica estera degli Stati Uniti d'America teorizzato dall'allora Sottosegretario alla Difesa Paul Wolfowitz (terzo in grado alla dirigenza del Pentagono), contenuto nel Defense Planning Guidance for the 1994–99 (datato 18 febbraio 1992), un documento interno all'amministrazione statunitense distribuito ai capi militari e ai civili del dipartimento della Difesa per istruirli circa le modalità di impegnare le proprie forze e le proprie risorse ai fini del perseguimento degli obbiettivi comuni stabiliti dal piano decennale di politica estera. La dottrina Wolfowitz è generalmente considerata come la prima formulazione dell'agenda neoconservatrice americana post-guerra fredda. Il documento teorizzava il ruolo degli USA come unica potenza globale ed esplicitava la necessità di conseguire gli obiettivi di politica estera attraverso il perseguimento di azioni unilaterali. Gli Usa ne avrebbero avuto diritto in quanto unica potenza mondiale rimasta dopo la caduta dell'URSS. Il documento fu successivamente riscritto sotto la supervisione del Segretario alla difesa Dick Cheney e del Capo dello stato maggiore congiunto Colin Powell prima che fosse ufficialmente rilasciato il 16 aprile 1992. Estratti del piano di difesa, successivamente declassificato nel 2007 e nel 2008, furono propalati sul The New York Times in un articolo a firma di Patrick E. Taylor l'8 marzo 1992. Contenuti del piano furono fatti propri dalla Dottrina Bush. (it)
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  • Wolfowitz Doctrine is an unofficial name given to the initial version of the Defense Planning Guidance for the 1994–99 fiscal years (dated February 18, 1992) authored by Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz and his deputy Scooter Libby. Not intended for public release, it was leaked to the New York Times on March 7, 1992, and sparked a public controversy about U.S. foreign and defense policy. The document was widely criticized as imperialist as the document outlined a policy of unilateralism and pre-emptive military action to suppress potential threats from other nations and prevent any other nation from rising to superpower status. (en)
  • La dottrina Wolfowitz è un indirizzo di politica estera degli Stati Uniti d'America teorizzato dall'allora Sottosegretario alla Difesa Paul Wolfowitz (terzo in grado alla dirigenza del Pentagono), contenuto nel Defense Planning Guidance for the 1994–99 (datato 18 febbraio 1992), un documento interno all'amministrazione statunitense distribuito ai capi militari e ai civili del dipartimento della Difesa per istruirli circa le modalità di impegnare le proprie forze e le proprie risorse ai fini del perseguimento degli obbiettivi comuni stabiliti dal piano decennale di politica estera. La dottrina Wolfowitz è generalmente considerata come la prima formulazione dell'agenda neoconservatrice americana post-guerra fredda. Il documento teorizzava il ruolo degli USA come unica potenza globale ed espl (it)
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  • Wolfowitz Doctrine (en)
  • Dottrina Wolfowitz (it)
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