Pauli was born in Vienna to a chemist Wolfgang Joseph Pauli (né Wolf Pascheles, 1869–1955) and his wife Bertha Camilla Schütz; his sister was Hertha Pauli, the writer and actress. Pauli's middle name was given in honor of his godfather, physicist Ernst Mach. Pauli's paternal grandparents were from prominent Jewish families of Prague; his great-grandfather was the Jewish publisher Wolf Pascheles. Pauli's father converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism shortly before his marriage in 1899. Pauli's mother, Bertha Schütz, was raised in her own mother's Roman Catholic religion; her father was Jewish writer Friedrich Schütz. Pauli was raised as a Roman Catholic, although eventually he and his parents left the Church. He is considered to have been a deist and a mystic.

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dbo:abstract
  • Pauli was born in Vienna to a chemist Wolfgang Joseph Pauli (né Wolf Pascheles, 1869–1955) and his wife Bertha Camilla Schütz; his sister was Hertha Pauli, the writer and actress. Pauli's middle name was given in honor of his godfather, physicist Ernst Mach. Pauli's paternal grandparents were from prominent Jewish families of Prague; his great-grandfather was the Jewish publisher Wolf Pascheles. Pauli's father converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism shortly before his marriage in 1899. Pauli's mother, Bertha Schütz, was raised in her own mother's Roman Catholic religion; her father was Jewish writer Friedrich Schütz. Pauli was raised as a Roman Catholic, although eventually he and his parents left the Church. He is considered to have been a deist and a mystic. Pauli attended the Döblinger-Gymnasium in Vienna, graduating with distinction in 1918. Only two months after graduation, he published his first paper, on Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. He attended the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich, working under Arnold Sommerfeld, where he received his PhD in July 1921 for his thesis on the quantum theory of ionized diatomic hydrogen (H+2). Sommerfeld asked Pauli to review the theory of relativity for the Encyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften (Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences). Two months after receiving his doctorate, Pauli completed the article, which came to 237 pages. It was praised by Einstein; published as a monograph, it remains a standard reference on the subject to this day. Pauli spent a year at the University of Göttingen as the assistant to Max Born, and the following year at the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen, which later became the Niels Bohr Institute in 1965. From 1923 to 1928, he was a lecturer at the University of Hamburg. During this period, Pauli was instrumental in the development of the modern theory of quantum mechanics. In particular, he formulated the exclusion principle and the theory of nonrelativistic spin. In 1928, he was appointed Professor of Theoretical Physics at ETH Zurich in Switzerland where he made significant scientific progress. He held visiting professorships at the University of Michigan in 1931, and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton in 1935. He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1931. At the end of 1930, shortly after his postulation of the neutrino and immediately following his divorce in November, Pauli had a severe breakdown. He consulted psychiatrist and psychotherapist Carl Jung who, like Pauli, lived near Zurich. Jung immediately began interpreting Pauli's deeply archetypal dreams, and Pauli became one of the depth psychologist's best students. He soon began to criticize the epistemology of Jung's theory scientifically, and this contributed to a certain clarification of the latter's thoughts, especially about the concept of synchronicity. A great many of these discussions are documented in the Pauli/Jung letters, today published as Atom and Archetype. Jung's elaborate analysis of more than 400 of Pauli's dreams is documented in Psychology and Alchemy. The German annexation of Austria in 1938 made him a German citizen, which became a problem for him in 1939 after the outbreak of World War II. In 1940, he tried in vain to obtain Swiss citizenship, which would have allowed him to remain at the ETH. Pauli moved to the United States in 1940, where he was employed as a professor of theoretical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study. In 1946, after the war, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States and subsequently returned to Zurich, where he mostly remained for the rest of his life. In 1949, he was granted Swiss citizenship. In 1958, Pauli was awarded the Max Planck medal. In that same year, he fell ill with pancreatic cancer. When his last assistant, Charles Enz, visited him at the Rotkreuz hospital in Zurich, Pauli asked him: "Did you see the room number?" It was number 137. Throughout his life, Pauli had been preoccupied with the question of why the fine structure constant, a dimensionless fundamental constant, has a value nearly equal to 1/137. Pauli died in that room on 15 December 1958. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) 80بك فولفغانغ باولي عالم نمساوي حائز على جائزة نوبل للفيزياء عام 1945. أسهم كثيرا في تطور نظريات ميكانيكا الكم. كان صديقا حميما لنيلز بور وفيرنر هايزنبرج. حصل على شهادة الدكتوراة من جامعة لودفيغ ماكسميليان في ميونخ. مبدأ استبعاد باولي ومصفوفات باولي وغيرها تعد من أهم ما قدمه باولي في مجال ميكانيكا الكم. (ar)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (* 25. April 1900 in Wien; † 15. Dezember 1958 in Zürich) war ein österreichischer Wissenschaftler und Nobelpreisträger, der zu den bedeutendsten Physikern des 20. Jahrhunderts zählt. Er formulierte 1925 das später nach ihm benannte Pauli-Prinzip, das eine quantentheoretische Erklärung des Aufbaus eines Atoms darstellt und weitreichende Bedeutung auch für größere Strukturen hat. (de)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Viena, 25 de abril de 1900 – Zúrich, 15 de diciembre de 1958) fue un físico austríaco, nacionalizado suizo y luego estadounidense. Se cuenta entre los padres fundadores de la mecánica cuántica; es suyo el principio de exclusión, según el cual es imposible que dos electrones —en un átomo— puedan tener la misma energía, el mismo lugar, e idénticos números cuánticos. (es)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (25 avril 1900 à Vienne - 15 décembre 1958 à Zurich) est un physicien autrichien connu pour sa définition du principe d'exclusion en mécanique quantique, ce qui lui valut le prix Nobel de physique de 1945. Il est également lauréat de la médaille Franklin en 1952. (fr)
  • Fu fra i padri fondatori della meccanica quantistica. Suo è il principio di esclusione, per il quale vinse il Premio Nobel nel 1945, secondo il quale due elettroni in un atomo non possono avere tutti i numeri quantici uguali. (it)
  • ヴォルフガング・エルンスト・パウリ(Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, 1900年4月25日 - 1958年12月15日)はオーストリア生まれのスイスの物理学者。スピンの理論や、現代化学の基礎となっているパウリの排他律の発見などの業績で知られる。 アインシュタインの推薦により、1945年に「1925年に行われた排他律、またはパウリの原理と呼ばれる新たな自然法則の発見を通じた重要な貢献」に対してノーベル物理学賞を受賞した。 (ja)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Wenen, 25 april 1900 – Zürich, 15 december 1958) was een Oostenrijks-Amerikaans natuurkundige. Vanaf 1927 was Pauli professor aan de Technische hogeschool te Zürich. Zijn werk ligt grotendeels op het terrein van de kwantumtheorie. In 1925 vond hij het principe dat zijn naam draagt: Twee elektronen van eenzelfde atoom kunnen niet [vier] dezelfde kwantumgetallen hebben. Of ook: twee elektronen kunnen zich niet in dezelfde kwantumtoestand bevinden. Dit blijkt behalve voor elektronen ook voor veel andere deeltjes op te gaan (namelijk voor alle zogenaamde fermionen). Voor bosonen geldt het uitsluitingsprincipe van Pauli niet. In 1945 werd aan Pauli de Nobelprijs voor de Natuurkunde toegekend. (nl)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (ur. 25 kwietnia 1900 w Wiedniu, zm. 15 grudnia 1958 w Zurychu) – szwajcarski fizyk austriackiego pochodzenia, od 1928 profesor w Związkowej Wyższej Szkole Technicznej w Zurychu, po 1939 pracujący na Uniwersytecie Princeton w USA, jeden z twórców mechaniki kwantowej. (pl)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Viena, 25 de abril de 1900 — Zurique, 15 de dezembro de 1958) foi um físico austríaco conhecido por seu trabalho na teoria do spin do elétron. (pt)
  • Во́льфганг Эрнст Па́ули (нем. Wolfgang Ernst Pauli; 25 апреля 1900, Вена — 15 декабря 1958, Цюрих) — швейцарский физик-теоретик, работавший в области физики элементарных частиц и квантовой механики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по физике за 1945 год. (ru)
  • 沃尔夫冈·泡利(德语:Wolfgang Pauli,1900年4月25日-1958年12月15日),奥地利理论物理学家,是量子力学研究先驱者之一。1945年,在愛因斯坦的提名下,他因泡利不相容原理而获得诺贝尔物理学奖。泡利不相容原理涉及自旋理论,是理解物质结构乃至化学的基础。 (zh)
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  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (en)
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dbp:footnotes
  • His godfather was Ernst Mach. He is not to be confused with Wolfgang Paul, who called Pauli his "imaginary part", a pun with the imaginary unit i.
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  • Über das Modell des Wasserstoff-Molekülions
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  • Austrian physicist, Nobel prize winner (en)
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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) 80بك فولفغانغ باولي عالم نمساوي حائز على جائزة نوبل للفيزياء عام 1945. أسهم كثيرا في تطور نظريات ميكانيكا الكم. كان صديقا حميما لنيلز بور وفيرنر هايزنبرج. حصل على شهادة الدكتوراة من جامعة لودفيغ ماكسميليان في ميونخ. مبدأ استبعاد باولي ومصفوفات باولي وغيرها تعد من أهم ما قدمه باولي في مجال ميكانيكا الكم. (ar)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (* 25. April 1900 in Wien; † 15. Dezember 1958 in Zürich) war ein österreichischer Wissenschaftler und Nobelpreisträger, der zu den bedeutendsten Physikern des 20. Jahrhunderts zählt. Er formulierte 1925 das später nach ihm benannte Pauli-Prinzip, das eine quantentheoretische Erklärung des Aufbaus eines Atoms darstellt und weitreichende Bedeutung auch für größere Strukturen hat. (de)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Viena, 25 de abril de 1900 – Zúrich, 15 de diciembre de 1958) fue un físico austríaco, nacionalizado suizo y luego estadounidense. Se cuenta entre los padres fundadores de la mecánica cuántica; es suyo el principio de exclusión, según el cual es imposible que dos electrones —en un átomo— puedan tener la misma energía, el mismo lugar, e idénticos números cuánticos. (es)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (25 avril 1900 à Vienne - 15 décembre 1958 à Zurich) est un physicien autrichien connu pour sa définition du principe d'exclusion en mécanique quantique, ce qui lui valut le prix Nobel de physique de 1945. Il est également lauréat de la médaille Franklin en 1952. (fr)
  • Fu fra i padri fondatori della meccanica quantistica. Suo è il principio di esclusione, per il quale vinse il Premio Nobel nel 1945, secondo il quale due elettroni in un atomo non possono avere tutti i numeri quantici uguali. (it)
  • ヴォルフガング・エルンスト・パウリ(Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, 1900年4月25日 - 1958年12月15日)はオーストリア生まれのスイスの物理学者。スピンの理論や、現代化学の基礎となっているパウリの排他律の発見などの業績で知られる。 アインシュタインの推薦により、1945年に「1925年に行われた排他律、またはパウリの原理と呼ばれる新たな自然法則の発見を通じた重要な貢献」に対してノーベル物理学賞を受賞した。 (ja)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Wenen, 25 april 1900 – Zürich, 15 december 1958) was een Oostenrijks-Amerikaans natuurkundige. Vanaf 1927 was Pauli professor aan de Technische hogeschool te Zürich. Zijn werk ligt grotendeels op het terrein van de kwantumtheorie. In 1925 vond hij het principe dat zijn naam draagt: Twee elektronen van eenzelfde atoom kunnen niet [vier] dezelfde kwantumgetallen hebben. Of ook: twee elektronen kunnen zich niet in dezelfde kwantumtoestand bevinden. Dit blijkt behalve voor elektronen ook voor veel andere deeltjes op te gaan (namelijk voor alle zogenaamde fermionen). Voor bosonen geldt het uitsluitingsprincipe van Pauli niet. In 1945 werd aan Pauli de Nobelprijs voor de Natuurkunde toegekend. (nl)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (ur. 25 kwietnia 1900 w Wiedniu, zm. 15 grudnia 1958 w Zurychu) – szwajcarski fizyk austriackiego pochodzenia, od 1928 profesor w Związkowej Wyższej Szkole Technicznej w Zurychu, po 1939 pracujący na Uniwersytecie Princeton w USA, jeden z twórców mechaniki kwantowej. (pl)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Viena, 25 de abril de 1900 — Zurique, 15 de dezembro de 1958) foi um físico austríaco conhecido por seu trabalho na teoria do spin do elétron. (pt)
  • Во́льфганг Эрнст Па́ули (нем. Wolfgang Ernst Pauli; 25 апреля 1900, Вена — 15 декабря 1958, Цюрих) — швейцарский физик-теоретик, работавший в области физики элементарных частиц и квантовой механики. Лауреат Нобелевской премии по физике за 1945 год. (ru)
  • 沃尔夫冈·泡利(德语:Wolfgang Pauli,1900年4月25日-1958年12月15日),奥地利理论物理学家,是量子力学研究先驱者之一。1945年,在愛因斯坦的提名下,他因泡利不相容原理而获得诺贝尔物理学奖。泡利不相容原理涉及自旋理论,是理解物质结构乃至化学的基础。 (zh)
  • Pauli was born in Vienna to a chemist Wolfgang Joseph Pauli (né Wolf Pascheles, 1869–1955) and his wife Bertha Camilla Schütz; his sister was Hertha Pauli, the writer and actress. Pauli's middle name was given in honor of his godfather, physicist Ernst Mach. Pauli's paternal grandparents were from prominent Jewish families of Prague; his great-grandfather was the Jewish publisher Wolf Pascheles. Pauli's father converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism shortly before his marriage in 1899. Pauli's mother, Bertha Schütz, was raised in her own mother's Roman Catholic religion; her father was Jewish writer Friedrich Schütz. Pauli was raised as a Roman Catholic, although eventually he and his parents left the Church. He is considered to have been a deist and a mystic. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Wolfgang Pauli (en)
  • فولفغانغ باولي (ar)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (de)
  • Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (es)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (fr)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (it)
  • ヴォルフガング・パウリ (ja)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (nl)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (pl)
  • Wolfgang Pauli (pt)
  • Паули, Вольфганг (ru)
  • 沃尔夫冈·泡利 (zh)
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