William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin OM GCVO PC FRS FRSE (/ˈkɛlvɪn/; 26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scotch-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests a

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dbo:abstract
  • William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin OM GCVO PC FRS FRSE (/ˈkɛlvɪn/; 26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scotch-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests and was most noted for his work on the mariner's compass, which had previously been limited in reliability. Absolute temperatures are stated in units of kelvin in his honour. While the existence of a lower limit to temperature (absolute zero) was known prior to his work, Lord Kelvin is widely known for determining its correct value as approximately −273.15 degree Celsius or −459.67 degree Fahrenheit. He was ennobled in 1892 in recognition of his achievements in thermodynamics, and of his opposition to Irish Home Rule, becoming Baron Kelvin, of Largs in the County of Ayr. He was the first British scientist to be elevated to the House of Lords. The title refers to the River Kelvin, which flows close by his laboratory at the University of Glasgow. His home was the imposing red sandstone mansion Netherhall, in Largs. Despite offers of elevated posts from several world-renowned universities Lord Kelvin refused to leave Glasgow, remaining Professor of Natural Philosophy for over 50 years, until his eventual retirement from that post. The Hunterian Museum at the University of Glasgow has a permanent exhibition on the work of Lord Kelvin including many of his original papers, instruments and other artifacts such as his smoking pipe. Always active in industrial research and development, he was recruited around 1899 by George Eastman to serve as vice-chairman of the board of the British company Kodak Limited, affiliated with Eastman Kodak. (en)
  • لورد كلفن (26 يونيو 1824 - 17 ديسمبر 1907) هو فيزيائي ومهندس اسكتلندي ولد في إيرلندا الشمالية باسم وليام طومسون وهو مؤسس الفيزياء الحديثة. ولقد أطلق اسمه على وحدة قياس درجة الحرارة المعادلة لدرجة (1) مئوي وهي الكلفن. ولقد حسب كلفن أخفض درجة يمكن أن تصل إليها المادة وسميت هذه الدرجة بالصفر المطلق وهي تعادل −273.15 °C، وقد وسمي المقياس بالمقياس المطلق أو مقياس كلفن. (ar)
  • William Thomson, 1. Baron Kelvin, OM, GCVO, PC, PRS, FRSE, (* 26. Juni 1824 in Belfast, Nordirland; † 17. Dezember 1907 in Netherhall bei Largs, Schottland) war ein in Irland geborener britischer Physiker. (de)
  • William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, OM, GCVO, PC, FRS (Belfast, Irlanda, 26 de junio de 1824 - Largs, Ayrshire, Escocia, 17 de diciembre de 1907) fue un físico y matemático británico. Lord Kelvin destacó por sus importantes trabajos en el campo de la termodinámica y la electricidad, gracias a sus profundos conocimientos de análisis matemático. Es uno de los científicos que más contribuyó a modernizar la física. Es especialmente conocido por haber desarrollado la escala de temperatura Kelvin. Recibió el título de barón Kelvin en honor a los logros alcanzados a lo largo de su carrera. Siempre activo en las investigaciones industriales y de desarrollo, en 1899 aceptó la invitación de George Eastman para ser vicepresidente de la junta directiva de la empresa británica Kodak Ltd., filial de Eastman Kodak. (es)
  • William Thomson, mieux connu sous le nom de Lord Kelvin, (Belfast, 26 juin 1824 - Largs, 17 décembre 1907), 1er baron Kelvin, est un physicien britannique d'origine irlandaise reconnu pour ses travaux en thermodynamique. Une des innovations de Kelvin est l'introduction d'un « zéro absolu » correspondant à l'absence absolue d'agitation thermique et de pression d'un gaz, dont il avait remarqué les variations liées selon un rapport linéaire. Il a laissé son nom à l'échelle de température, dite absolue, ou température « thermodynamique », mesurée en kelvins. (fr)
  • All'Università di Glasgow compì importanti lavori nell'analisi matematica dell'elettricità e della termodinamica, e diede un ampio contributo per unificare l'emergente disciplina della fisica nella sua forma moderna. È conosciuto per aver sviluppato la scala Kelvin, che misura la temperatura assoluta. Il titolo di Barone Kelvin gli fu conferito per merito delle sue scoperte, e deriva dal fiume Kelvin, che scorre presso la sua università scozzese di Glasgow.In seguito fece carriera come ingegnere ed inventore del telegrafo elettrico, che gli procurò una maggiore considerazione da parte dell'opinione pubblica e gli assicurò fama e ricchezza. (it)
  • William Thomson, eerste Baron Kelvin, (Belfast, 26 juni 1824 – Largs (Schotland), 17 december 1907) was een Brits natuurkundige en wordt gezien als een van de belangrijkste natuurwetenschappers van de 19e eeuw. Zijn belangrijkste werk lag op het gebied van de wiskundige analyse toegepast op natuurkundige problemen en in de thermodynamica. Thomson (beter bekend als Lord Kelvin, hoewel hij die titel pas laat in zijn leven kreeg) werd bekend onder het grote publiek door zijn rol bij de aanleg van de trans-Atlantische telegraafkabel. Van groot belang waren ook zijn verbeteringen aan het standaardkompas. (nl)
  • 初代ケルヴィン男爵ウィリアム・トムソン(英: William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin OM, GCVO, PC, PRS, PRSE、1824年6月26日 - 1907年12月17日)は、アイルランド生まれのイギリスの物理学者。爵位に由来するケルヴィン卿(Lord Kelvin)の名で知られる。特にカルノーの理論を発展させた絶対温度の導入、クラウジウスと独立に行われた熱力学第二法則(トムソンの原理)の発見、ジュールと共同で行われたジュール=トムソン効果の発見などといった業績がある。これらの貢献によって、クラウジウス、ランキンらと共に古典的な熱力学の開拓者の一人と見られている。このほか電磁気学や流体力学などをはじめ古典物理学のほとんどの分野に600を超える論文を発表した。また、電磁誘導や磁気力を表すためにベクトルを使い始めた人物でもある。 (ja)
  • William Thomson, 1. Baron Kelvin (ur. 26 czerwca 1824 w Belfaście, zm. 17 grudnia 1907 w Largs w Szkocji) – brytyjski fizyk pochodzenia irlandzkiego, matematyk oraz przyrodnik. Podał własne sformułowanie drugiej zasady termodynamiki, badał elektryczność i magnetyzm. (pl)
  • William Thomson, 1º barão Kelvin, (no Brasil é mais conhecido como Lorde Kelvin) OM, PRS, PRSE (Belfast, 26 de junho de 1824 — 17 de dezembro de 1907) foi um físico-matemático e engenheiro britânico, nascido na Irlanda. Considerado um líder nas ciências físicas do século XIX, ele fez importantes contribuições na análise matemática da eletricidade e termodinâmica, e fez muito para unificar as disciplinas emergentes da física em sua forma moderna. É conhecido por desenvolver a escala Kelvin de temperatura absoluta (onde o zero absoluto é definido como 0 K). O título de Barão Kelvin foi-lhe dado em homenagem a suas realizações. (pt)
  • Уи́льям То́мсон, барон Ке́львин (англ. William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin; 26 июня 1824 года, Белфаст, Ирландия — 17 декабря 1907 года, Ларгс, Шотландия) — британский физик и механик. Известен своими работами в области термодинамики, механики, электродинамики. (ru)
  • 第一代開爾文男爵威廉·湯姆森(William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin,1824年6月26日-1907年12月17日),即开尔文勋爵,是一位在北爱尔兰出生的英國数学物理学家、工程师,也是热力学温标(絕對溫標)的发明人,被稱為熱力學之父。在格拉斯哥大学时他与休‧布来克本进行了密切的合作,研究了电学的数学分析、将第一和第二热力学定律公式化,和把各门新兴物理学科统一为现代形式。他对电报机所作出的贡献使他开始出名并带给他财富和荣誉。他因为在横跨大西洋的电报工程中所作出的贡献而得到了维多利亚女王授予的爵位,威廉·汤姆森男爵。 他被广为人知是由于他认识到了温度的下限,也就是绝对零度。他在热力学方面的工作使他成为贵族。他反对爱尔兰自治,因而自称拉格斯的开尔文男爵,所以他通常被称为开尔文男爵,这个头衔来自于流经他在苏格兰格拉斯哥大学实验室的开尔文河。他还是首位进入英国上议院的科学家。他的住宅是位于克莱德湾拉格斯的Netherhall ,这是一座雄伟的红色砂岩大厦。 为表彰和纪念他对热力学所作出的贡献,热力学温标的单位为开尔文。 (zh)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1824-06-26 (xsd:date)
  • 1824-6-26
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1907-12-17 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:nationality
dbo:office
  • President of the Royal Society
dbo:predecessor
dbo:religion
dbo:residence
dbo:signature
  • Lord Kelvin Signature.svg
dbo:successor
dbo:termPeriod
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 33302 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744913647 (xsd:integer)
dbp:crest
  • A cubit arm erect, vested azure, cuffed argent, the hand grasping five ears of rye proper.
dbp:date
  • March 2015
dbp:escutcheon
  • Argent a stag's head caboshed gules, on a chief azure a thunderbolt proper, winged or, between two spur revels of the first.
dbp:footnotes
  • It is believed the "PNP" in his signature stands for "Professor of Natural Philosophy." Note that Kelvin also wrote under the pseudonym "P. Q. R."
dbp:honorificPrefix
dbp:imageSize
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
dbp:motto
  • Honesty without fear.
dbp:notes
  • The arms of Lord Kelvin consist of:
dbp:reason
  • Is this simply a wire?
  • Speed or transit time?
  • But isn't it overwhelmingly photosynthesis? See talk page.
dbp:supporters
  • On the dexter side a student of the University of Glasgow, habited, holding in his dexter hand a marine voltmeter, all proper. On the sinister side a sailor, habited, holding in the dexter hand a coil, the rope passing through the sinister, and suspended therefrom a sinker of a sounding machine, also all proper.
dbp:termEnd
  • 1895 (xsd:integer)
dbp:termStart
  • 1890 (xsd:integer)
dbp:title
dbp:wordnet_type
dbp:years
  • 1892 (xsd:integer)
  • 1904 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • British physicist and engineer (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • لورد كلفن (26 يونيو 1824 - 17 ديسمبر 1907) هو فيزيائي ومهندس اسكتلندي ولد في إيرلندا الشمالية باسم وليام طومسون وهو مؤسس الفيزياء الحديثة. ولقد أطلق اسمه على وحدة قياس درجة الحرارة المعادلة لدرجة (1) مئوي وهي الكلفن. ولقد حسب كلفن أخفض درجة يمكن أن تصل إليها المادة وسميت هذه الدرجة بالصفر المطلق وهي تعادل −273.15 °C، وقد وسمي المقياس بالمقياس المطلق أو مقياس كلفن. (ar)
  • William Thomson, 1. Baron Kelvin, OM, GCVO, PC, PRS, FRSE, (* 26. Juni 1824 in Belfast, Nordirland; † 17. Dezember 1907 in Netherhall bei Largs, Schottland) war ein in Irland geborener britischer Physiker. (de)
  • William Thomson, mieux connu sous le nom de Lord Kelvin, (Belfast, 26 juin 1824 - Largs, 17 décembre 1907), 1er baron Kelvin, est un physicien britannique d'origine irlandaise reconnu pour ses travaux en thermodynamique. Une des innovations de Kelvin est l'introduction d'un « zéro absolu » correspondant à l'absence absolue d'agitation thermique et de pression d'un gaz, dont il avait remarqué les variations liées selon un rapport linéaire. Il a laissé son nom à l'échelle de température, dite absolue, ou température « thermodynamique », mesurée en kelvins. (fr)
  • All'Università di Glasgow compì importanti lavori nell'analisi matematica dell'elettricità e della termodinamica, e diede un ampio contributo per unificare l'emergente disciplina della fisica nella sua forma moderna. È conosciuto per aver sviluppato la scala Kelvin, che misura la temperatura assoluta. Il titolo di Barone Kelvin gli fu conferito per merito delle sue scoperte, e deriva dal fiume Kelvin, che scorre presso la sua università scozzese di Glasgow.In seguito fece carriera come ingegnere ed inventore del telegrafo elettrico, che gli procurò una maggiore considerazione da parte dell'opinione pubblica e gli assicurò fama e ricchezza. (it)
  • 初代ケルヴィン男爵ウィリアム・トムソン(英: William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin OM, GCVO, PC, PRS, PRSE、1824年6月26日 - 1907年12月17日)は、アイルランド生まれのイギリスの物理学者。爵位に由来するケルヴィン卿(Lord Kelvin)の名で知られる。特にカルノーの理論を発展させた絶対温度の導入、クラウジウスと独立に行われた熱力学第二法則(トムソンの原理)の発見、ジュールと共同で行われたジュール=トムソン効果の発見などといった業績がある。これらの貢献によって、クラウジウス、ランキンらと共に古典的な熱力学の開拓者の一人と見られている。このほか電磁気学や流体力学などをはじめ古典物理学のほとんどの分野に600を超える論文を発表した。また、電磁誘導や磁気力を表すためにベクトルを使い始めた人物でもある。 (ja)
  • William Thomson, 1. Baron Kelvin (ur. 26 czerwca 1824 w Belfaście, zm. 17 grudnia 1907 w Largs w Szkocji) – brytyjski fizyk pochodzenia irlandzkiego, matematyk oraz przyrodnik. Podał własne sformułowanie drugiej zasady termodynamiki, badał elektryczność i magnetyzm. (pl)
  • Уи́льям То́мсон, барон Ке́львин (англ. William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin; 26 июня 1824 года, Белфаст, Ирландия — 17 декабря 1907 года, Ларгс, Шотландия) — британский физик и механик. Известен своими работами в области термодинамики, механики, электродинамики. (ru)
  • 第一代開爾文男爵威廉·湯姆森(William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin,1824年6月26日-1907年12月17日),即开尔文勋爵,是一位在北爱尔兰出生的英國数学物理学家、工程师,也是热力学温标(絕對溫標)的发明人,被稱為熱力學之父。在格拉斯哥大学时他与休‧布来克本进行了密切的合作,研究了电学的数学分析、将第一和第二热力学定律公式化,和把各门新兴物理学科统一为现代形式。他对电报机所作出的贡献使他开始出名并带给他财富和荣誉。他因为在横跨大西洋的电报工程中所作出的贡献而得到了维多利亚女王授予的爵位,威廉·汤姆森男爵。 他被广为人知是由于他认识到了温度的下限,也就是绝对零度。他在热力学方面的工作使他成为贵族。他反对爱尔兰自治,因而自称拉格斯的开尔文男爵,所以他通常被称为开尔文男爵,这个头衔来自于流经他在苏格兰格拉斯哥大学实验室的开尔文河。他还是首位进入英国上议院的科学家。他的住宅是位于克莱德湾拉格斯的Netherhall ,这是一座雄伟的红色砂岩大厦。 为表彰和纪念他对热力学所作出的贡献,热力学温标的单位为开尔文。 (zh)
  • William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin OM GCVO PC FRS FRSE (/ˈkɛlvɪn/; 26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scotch-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests a (en)
  • William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, OM, GCVO, PC, FRS (Belfast, Irlanda, 26 de junio de 1824 - Largs, Ayrshire, Escocia, 17 de diciembre de 1907) fue un físico y matemático británico. Lord Kelvin destacó por sus importantes trabajos en el campo de la termodinámica y la electricidad, gracias a sus profundos conocimientos de análisis matemático. Es uno de los científicos que más contribuyó a modernizar la física. Es especialmente conocido por haber desarrollado la escala de temperatura Kelvin. Recibió el título de barón Kelvin en honor a los logros alcanzados a lo largo de su carrera. (es)
  • William Thomson, eerste Baron Kelvin, (Belfast, 26 juni 1824 – Largs (Schotland), 17 december 1907) was een Brits natuurkundige en wordt gezien als een van de belangrijkste natuurwetenschappers van de 19e eeuw. Zijn belangrijkste werk lag op het gebied van de wiskundige analyse toegepast op natuurkundige problemen en in de thermodynamica. (nl)
  • William Thomson, 1º barão Kelvin, (no Brasil é mais conhecido como Lorde Kelvin) OM, PRS, PRSE (Belfast, 26 de junho de 1824 — 17 de dezembro de 1907) foi um físico-matemático e engenheiro britânico, nascido na Irlanda. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (en)
  • لورد كلفن (ar)
  • William Thomson, 1. Baron Kelvin (de)
  • William Thomson (es)
  • William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) (fr)
  • William Thomson (it)
  • ウィリアム・トムソン (ja)
  • William Thomson (natuurkundige) (nl)
  • Lord Kelvin (pl)
  • William Thomson (pt)
  • Томсон, Уильям (лорд Кельвин) (ru)
  • 第一代开尔文男爵威廉·汤姆森 (zh)
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