William Lyon Mackenzie King OM CMG PC (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930, and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining home front morale. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition (as a boy, his motto was "Help those that cannot help themselves"), and played a major role in laying

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dbo:abstract
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King OM CMG PC (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930, and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining home front morale. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition (as a boy, his motto was "Help those that cannot help themselves"), and played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state. King acceded to the leadership of the Liberal Party in 1919. Taking the helm of a party bitterly torn apart during the First World War, he reconciled factions, unifying the Liberal Party and leading it to victory in the 1921 election. His party was out of office during the harshest days of the Great Depression in Canada, 1930–35; he returned when the economy was on an upswing. He personally handled complex relations with the Prairie Provinces, while his top aides Ernest Lapointe and Louis St. Laurent skillfully met the demands of French Canadians. During the Second World War, he carefully avoided the battles over conscription, patriotism and ethnicity that had divided Canada so deeply in the First World War. Though few major policy innovations took place during his premiership, he was able to synthesize and pass a number of measures that had reached a level of broad national support. Scholars attribute King's long tenure as party leader to his wide range of skills that were appropriate to Canada's needs. He understood the workings of capital and labour. Keenly sensitive to the nuances of public policy, he was a workaholic with a shrewd and penetrating intelligence and a profound understanding of the complexities of Canadian society. A modernizing technocrat who regarded managerial mediation as essential to an industrial society, he wanted his Liberal Party to represent liberal corporatism to create social harmony. King worked to bring compromise and harmony to many competing and feuding elements, using politics and government action as his instrument. He led his party for 29 years, and established Canada's international reputation as a middle power fully committed to world order. King's biographers agree on the personal characteristics that made him distinctive. He lacked the charisma of such contemporaries as Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, or Charles de Gaulle. He lacked a commanding presence or oratorical skill; his best writing was academic, and did not resonate with the electorate. Cold and tactless in human relations, he had allies but very few close personal friends. He never married and lacked a hostess whose charm could substitute for his chill. He kept secret his beliefs in spiritualism and use of mediums to stay in contact with departed associates and particularly with his mother, and allowed his intense spirituality to distort his understanding of Adolf Hitler throughout the late 1930s. A survey of scholars in 1997 by Maclean's magazine ranked King first among all Canada's prime ministers, ahead of Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir Wilfrid Laurier. As historian Jack Granatstein notes, "the scholars expressed little admiration for King the man but offered unbounded admiration for his political skills and attention to Canadian unity." On the other hand, Stewart in 2007 found that even Liberal activists have but a dim memory of him. (en)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King, PC, OM, CMG (* 17. Dezember 1874 in Berlin (heute Kitchener), Ontario; † 22. Juli 1950 in Kingsmere bei Gatineau, Québec) war ein kanadischer Politiker. Er gehört zu den bedeutendsten Politikern seines Landes in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. 32 Jahre war er auf Bundesebene politisch aktiv, davon 22 Jahre als Premierminister. Während dieser Zeit wandelte sich Kanada von einem halbkolonialen Dominion des Vereinigten Königreichs zu einem autonomen Staat innerhalb des Commonwealth. King führte das Land durch die expansive Phase der 1920er Jahre, die Depression der 1930er Jahre und den Zweiten Weltkrieg. Nach einer Karriere als Beamter stieg er 1908 in die Politik ein. Von 1909 bis 1911 war er der erste Arbeitsminister seines Landes. 1919 wurde er zum Vorsitzenden der Liberalen Partei gewählt und blieb dies bis 1948. King regierte das Land vom 29. Dezember 1921 bis zum 28. Juni 1926, danach vom 25. September 1926 bis zum 6. August 1930 und schließlich vom 23. Oktober 1935 bis zum 14. November 1948. Mit Ausnahme der zwei letzten Amtsjahre als Regierungschef war er auch als Außenminister tätig. Kein anderer Premierminister im Commonwealth war zusammengenommen länger im Amt als er. Im Allgemeinen ist er unter seinem vollen Namen oder als Mackenzie King bekannt. (Mackenzie, der Nachname seiner Mutter, ist sein Zwischenname und nicht Teil seines eigenen Nachnamens). Die Bezeichnung „William King“ ist unüblich. (de)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King, né le 17 décembre 1874 et mort le 22 juillet 1950, est un homme politique canadien. Il est Premier ministre du Canada du 29 décembre 1921 au 28 juin 1926, du 25 septembre 1926 au 7 août 1930, et du 23 octobre 1935 au 15 novembre 1948. Totalisant plus de 21 ans, il est le Premier ministre qui a le plus longtemps occupé le poste dans l'histoire du Commonwealth. Il est généralement connu sous son nom complet, soit sous le nom de Mackenzie King (Mackenzie est un de ses prénoms, et non une partie de son nom de famille). Pendant sa carrière publique, il ne fut jamais appelé « William King ». (fr)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King; abogado y político canadiense. Nació el 17 de diciembre de 1874, en Ontario. Falleció el 22 de julio de 1950, en Quebec. (es)
  • Fu il decimo Primo ministro del Canada dal 29 dicembre 1921 al 28 giugno 1926, poi dal 25 settembre 1926 al 6 agosto 1930, poi dal 23 ottobre 1935 al 15 novembre 1948 per uno terzo mandato. (it)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (Kitchener, 17 december 1874 - Ottawa, 22 juli 1950) was een Canadees staatsman. Mackenzie King studeerde rechten en was werkzaam als jurist. Van 1900 tot 1908 was hij onderminister van Arbeid en van 1909 tot 1911 minister van Arbeid. Na de dood van Sir Wilfred Laurier, de leider van Canadese Liberale Partij werd Mackenzie King tot voorzitter van die partij gekozen. In 1921 werd hij voor de eerste maal minister-president van Canada (met korte onderbrekingen tot 1930). Van 1935 tot 1948 was hij opnieuw premier. Hij was tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog één van de belangrijkste geallieerde leiders en na de oorlog had hij een aandeel in de oprichting van de Verenigde Naties. Mackenzie King stond verzoening tussen de Engelsprekenden en Franssprekenden in Canada voor. Mackenzie King bleef trouw aan de Britse kroon, maar wist wel volledige onafhankelijkheid op buitenlands gebied te bewerken. (nl)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (ur. 17 grudnia 1874, zm. 22 lipca 1950) – kanadyjski polityk, który sprawował trzykrotnie urząd premiera Kanady: od 29 grudnia 1921 do 28 czerwca 1926, od 25 września 1926 do 7 sierpnia 1930 i od 23 października 1935 do 15 listopada 1948. Rządził z ramienia Partii Liberalnej. (pl)
  • ウィリアム・ライアン・マッケンジー・キング(William Lyon Mackenzie King、1874年12月17日 - 1950年7月22日)は、カナダの第10代首相。所属政党は自由党。1920年代から1940年代の期間に首相を三期に亘り務め、期間は1921年12月29日 - 1926年6月29日、1926年9月25日 - 1930年8月6日、1935年10月23日 - 1948年11月15日。合計21年間に及び、イギリス連邦の歴史上、首相在任期間で最長記録である。フルネームとは別に、「マッケンジー・キング」と呼ばれる。弁護士と社会活動家であり、人間の生活環境に興味があり少年の頃から「自立出来ない人々を助ける」をモットーとしていた。 (ja)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (Kitchener, 17 de dezembro de 1874 — Ottawa, 22 de julho de 1950) foi o décimo primeiro-ministro do Canadá, tendo sido eleito seis vezes pela população canadense, e governado o país entre 29 de dezembro de 1921 até 28 de junho de 1926, entre 25 de setembro de 1926 a 6 de agosto de 1930, e entre 23 de outubro de 1935 e 14 de novembro de 1948, tendo sido reeleito nas eleições de 1940 e 1945, além de ter sido elegido nas eleições de agosto de 1926 - onde o antigo primeiro-ministro, Arthur Meighen, governou o país por apenas três meses, tendo sido derrotado pelo congresso em um voto de não-confiança, o que fez com que novas eleições fossem realizadas. Mackenzie King é a pessoa que mais tempo passou como o primeiro-ministro de um país da Commonwealth, tendo governando o Canadá por quase 22 anos. (pt)
  • 威廉·莱昂·麦肯齐·金,PC,OM,CMG(William Lyon Mackenzie King,1874年12月17日-1950年7月22日),是第11、13及15任加拿大总理。 麦肯齐·金出生在安大略省柏林市(Berlin)(后改名为基切纳市(Kitchener))。父亲是一位律师,母亲则是加拿大起义者威廉·莱昂·麦肯齐的女儿。他在1895年和1897年先后获得多伦多大学学士和硕士学位。从芝加哥大学学习后,他进入哈佛大学,取得经济学硕士(1898年)和哲學博士(1909年)。 1908年应洛里埃之邀担任了洛里埃内阁中的劳工部长。1911年自由党竞选失败后,金暂时离开政界,研究劳资关系。1919年洛里埃去世以后,金出任自由党领袖职务。他在1921年至1926年、1926年至1930年、1935年至1948年三度担任加拿大总理,在位时间长达21年,是英联邦王国历史上在位时间最长的一位总理。 1999年,麦肯齐·金被历史学家评选为最伟大的加拿大总理;他的肖像現被印在加幣50元紙鈔上。 (zh)
  • Достопочтенный Уи́льям Ла́йон Маке́нзи Кинг (William Lyon Mackenzie King; 17 декабря 1874 — 22 июля 1950) — десятый премьер-министр Канады с 29 декабря 1921 по 28 июня 1926, с 25 сентября 1926 по 6 августа 1930 и с 23 октября 1935 по 15 ноября 1948. В истории Содружества Кинг дольше других (более 21 года) занимал должность премьер-министра. Он известен всем либо под своим полным именем, либо под именем Макензи Кинг (Макензи было одним из его имён, а не частью фамилии). За время его государственной службы его никогда не называли просто «Уильям Кинг». (ru)
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  • William Lyon Mackenzie King; abogado y político canadiense. Nació el 17 de diciembre de 1874, en Ontario. Falleció el 22 de julio de 1950, en Quebec. (es)
  • Fu il decimo Primo ministro del Canada dal 29 dicembre 1921 al 28 giugno 1926, poi dal 25 settembre 1926 al 6 agosto 1930, poi dal 23 ottobre 1935 al 15 novembre 1948 per uno terzo mandato. (it)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (ur. 17 grudnia 1874, zm. 22 lipca 1950) – kanadyjski polityk, który sprawował trzykrotnie urząd premiera Kanady: od 29 grudnia 1921 do 28 czerwca 1926, od 25 września 1926 do 7 sierpnia 1930 i od 23 października 1935 do 15 listopada 1948. Rządził z ramienia Partii Liberalnej. (pl)
  • ウィリアム・ライアン・マッケンジー・キング(William Lyon Mackenzie King、1874年12月17日 - 1950年7月22日)は、カナダの第10代首相。所属政党は自由党。1920年代から1940年代の期間に首相を三期に亘り務め、期間は1921年12月29日 - 1926年6月29日、1926年9月25日 - 1930年8月6日、1935年10月23日 - 1948年11月15日。合計21年間に及び、イギリス連邦の歴史上、首相在任期間で最長記録である。フルネームとは別に、「マッケンジー・キング」と呼ばれる。弁護士と社会活動家であり、人間の生活環境に興味があり少年の頃から「自立出来ない人々を助ける」をモットーとしていた。 (ja)
  • 威廉·莱昂·麦肯齐·金,PC,OM,CMG(William Lyon Mackenzie King,1874年12月17日-1950年7月22日),是第11、13及15任加拿大总理。 麦肯齐·金出生在安大略省柏林市(Berlin)(后改名为基切纳市(Kitchener))。父亲是一位律师,母亲则是加拿大起义者威廉·莱昂·麦肯齐的女儿。他在1895年和1897年先后获得多伦多大学学士和硕士学位。从芝加哥大学学习后,他进入哈佛大学,取得经济学硕士(1898年)和哲學博士(1909年)。 1908年应洛里埃之邀担任了洛里埃内阁中的劳工部长。1911年自由党竞选失败后,金暂时离开政界,研究劳资关系。1919年洛里埃去世以后,金出任自由党领袖职务。他在1921年至1926年、1926年至1930年、1935年至1948年三度担任加拿大总理,在位时间长达21年,是英联邦王国历史上在位时间最长的一位总理。 1999年,麦肯齐·金被历史学家评选为最伟大的加拿大总理;他的肖像現被印在加幣50元紙鈔上。 (zh)
  • Достопочтенный Уи́льям Ла́йон Маке́нзи Кинг (William Lyon Mackenzie King; 17 декабря 1874 — 22 июля 1950) — десятый премьер-министр Канады с 29 декабря 1921 по 28 июня 1926, с 25 сентября 1926 по 6 августа 1930 и с 23 октября 1935 по 15 ноября 1948. В истории Содружества Кинг дольше других (более 21 года) занимал должность премьер-министра. Он известен всем либо под своим полным именем, либо под именем Макензи Кинг (Макензи было одним из его имён, а не частью фамилии). За время его государственной службы его никогда не называли просто «Уильям Кинг». (ru)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King OM CMG PC (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930, and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining home front morale. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition (as a boy, his motto was "Help those that cannot help themselves"), and played a major role in laying (en)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King, PC, OM, CMG (* 17. Dezember 1874 in Berlin (heute Kitchener), Ontario; † 22. Juli 1950 in Kingsmere bei Gatineau, Québec) war ein kanadischer Politiker. Er gehört zu den bedeutendsten Politikern seines Landes in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. 32 Jahre war er auf Bundesebene politisch aktiv, davon 22 Jahre als Premierminister. Während dieser Zeit wandelte sich Kanada von einem halbkolonialen Dominion des Vereinigten Königreichs zu einem autonomen Staat innerhalb des Commonwealth. King führte das Land durch die expansive Phase der 1920er Jahre, die Depression der 1930er Jahre und den Zweiten Weltkrieg. (de)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King, né le 17 décembre 1874 et mort le 22 juillet 1950, est un homme politique canadien. Il est Premier ministre du Canada du 29 décembre 1921 au 28 juin 1926, du 25 septembre 1926 au 7 août 1930, et du 23 octobre 1935 au 15 novembre 1948. Totalisant plus de 21 ans, il est le Premier ministre qui a le plus longtemps occupé le poste dans l'histoire du Commonwealth. (fr)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (Kitchener, 17 december 1874 - Ottawa, 22 juli 1950) was een Canadees staatsman. Mackenzie King studeerde rechten en was werkzaam als jurist. Van 1900 tot 1908 was hij onderminister van Arbeid en van 1909 tot 1911 minister van Arbeid. Na de dood van Sir Wilfred Laurier, de leider van Canadese Liberale Partij werd Mackenzie King tot voorzitter van die partij gekozen. Mackenzie King bleef trouw aan de Britse kroon, maar wist wel volledige onafhankelijkheid op buitenlands gebied te bewerken. (nl)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (Kitchener, 17 de dezembro de 1874 — Ottawa, 22 de julho de 1950) foi o décimo primeiro-ministro do Canadá, tendo sido eleito seis vezes pela população canadense, e governado o país entre 29 de dezembro de 1921 até 28 de junho de 1926, entre 25 de setembro de 1926 a 6 de agosto de 1930, e entre 23 de outubro de 1935 e 14 de novembro de 1948, tendo sido reeleito nas eleições de 1940 e 1945, além de ter sido elegido nas eleições de agosto de 1926 - onde o antigo primeiro-ministro, Arthur Meighen, governou o país por apenas três meses, tendo sido derrotado pelo congresso em um voto de não-confiança, o que fez com que novas eleições fossem realizadas. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (en)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (de)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (es)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (fr)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (it)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (nl)
  • ウィリアム・ライアン・マッケンジー・キング (ja)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (pl)
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King (pt)
  • Кинг, Уильям Лайон Макензи (ru)
  • 威廉·莱昂·麦肯齐·金 (zh)
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