William Etty RA (10 March 1787 – 13 November 1849) was an English artist best known for his history paintings containing nude figures. He was the first significant British painter of nudes and still lifes. Born in York, he left school at the age of 12 to become an apprentice printer in Hull. He completed his apprenticeship seven years later and moved to London, where in 1807 he joined the Royal Academy Schools. There he studied under Thomas Lawrence and trained by copying works by other artists. Etty earned respect at the Royal Academy of Arts for his ability to paint realistic flesh tones, but had little commercial or critical success in his early years in London.

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dbo:abstract
  • William Etty RA (10 March 1787 – 13 November 1849) was an English artist best known for his history paintings containing nude figures. He was the first significant British painter of nudes and still lifes. Born in York, he left school at the age of 12 to become an apprentice printer in Hull. He completed his apprenticeship seven years later and moved to London, where in 1807 he joined the Royal Academy Schools. There he studied under Thomas Lawrence and trained by copying works by other artists. Etty earned respect at the Royal Academy of Arts for his ability to paint realistic flesh tones, but had little commercial or critical success in his early years in London. Etty's Cleopatra's Arrival in Cilicia, painted in 1821, featured numerous nudes and was exhibited to great acclaim. Its success prompted several further depictions of historical scenes with nudes. All but one of the works he exhibited at the Royal Academy in the 1820s contained at least one nude figure, and he acquired a reputation for indecency. Despite this, he was commercially successful and critically acclaimed, and in 1828 was elected a Royal Academician, at the time the highest honour available to an artist. Although he was one of the most respected artists in the country he continued to study at life classes throughout his life, a practice considered inappropriate by his fellow artists. In the 1830s Etty began to branch out into the more lucrative but less respected field of portraiture, and later became the first English painter to paint significant still lifes. He continued to paint both male and female nudes, which caused severe criticism and condemnation from some elements of the press. An extremely shy man, Etty rarely socialised and never married. From 1824 until his death he lived with his niece Betsy (Elizabeth Etty). Even in London he retained a keen interest in his native York, and was instrumental in the establishment of the town's first art school and the campaign to preserve York city walls. While he never formally converted from his Methodist faith, he was deeply attached to the Roman Catholic Church and was one of the few non-Catholics to attend the 1838 opening of Augustus Pugin's chapel for St Mary's College, Oscott. Etty was prolific and commercially successful throughout the 1840s, but the quality of his work deteriorated throughout this period. As his health progressively worsened he retired to York in 1848. He died in 1849, shortly after a major retrospective exhibition. In the immediate aftermath of his death his works became highly collectable and sold for large sums. Changing tastes meant his work later fell out of fashion, and imitators soon abandoned his style. By the end of the 19th century the value of all of his works had fallen below their original prices, and outside his native York he remained little known throughout the 20th century. Etty's inclusion in Tate Britain's landmark Exposed: The Victorian Nude exhibition in 2001–02, the high-profile restoration of his The Sirens and Ulysses in 2010 and a major retrospective of his work at the York Art Gallery in 2011–12 led to renewed interest in his work. (en)
  • William Etty (* 10. März 1787 in York; † 13. November 1849 ebenda) war ein englischer Maler der Romantik, der vor allem für seine Aktbilder bekannt war. (de)
  • William Etty (10 mars 1787 à York – 13 novembre 1849) était un peintre britannique connu pour ses tableaux de nus. (fr)
  • William Etty (10 de marzo de 1787 - 13 de noviembre de 1849) fue un artista inglés conocido por sus pinturas de eventos históricos que contienen figuras desnudas. Fue el primer pintor británico de renombre que pintó desnudez y naturalezas muertas. (es)
  • William Etty (ur. 10 marca 1787, zm. 13 listopada 1849) – malarz angielski. Urodzony w Yorku, uczeń Lawrence'a, pozostawał pod wpływem szkoły weneckiej. Wprowadził nową technikę malarską, dającą bardzo silne efekty barwne, zwłaszcza przy malowaniu nagiego ciała, które z wielkim zamiłowaniem przedstawiał niemal we wszystkich swych większych kompozycjach historycznych. Najsłynniejsze obrazy: Pandora i trylogie poświęcone Judycie i Joannie d'Arc. (pl)
  • Tra le sue opere La Bellezza che guida la Giovinezza (1832) e Giovanna d'Arco (1847), di maniere preraffaelite. (it)
  • William Etty (York, 10 maart 1787 - aldaar, 13 november 1849) was een Engels kunstschilder. Hij wordt gerekend tot de stroming van de romantiek en werd vooral bekend als schilder van historische- en mythologische werken met veel naakten. (nl)
  • William Etty (York, 10 de Março de 1787 – York, 13 de Novembro de 1849) foi um artista inglês conhecido pelas suas pinturas de eventos históricos contendo figuras nuas. Etty foi o primeiro pintor britânico que se destacou na pintura de nus e de naturezas-mortas. Nascido em Born in York, saiu da escola com 12 anos de idade para se tornar aprendiz de impressão em Hull. Terminou a sua aprendizagem sete anos mais tarde e foi viver para Londres onde, em 1807, entrou para a Academia Real Inglesa. Nesta escola, foi aluno de Thomas Lawrence e a sua formação teve por base a cópia de trabalhos de vários artistas. Etty foi bem sucedido na Academia, ganhando reconhecimento pela sua capacidade de pintar os tons da pele de forma bastante realista, mas não obteve grande sucesso ao nível comercial ou da crítica. O Triunfo de Cleópatra de Etty, pintado em 1821, continha muitos nus, e quando foi exibido recebeu boas críticas. O seu sucesso deu origem a uma série de outras pinturas de acontecimentos históricos com nus. À excepção de um, todos os trabalhos exibidos na Academia Real na década de 1820, continha pelo menos um nu, o que o fez ganhar uma reputação de indecência. Apesar deste contratempo, teve sucesso comercial, foi aclamado pela crítica, e nomeado como Académico Real em 1828, na altura a maior honra disponível para um artista. Embora fosse um dos artistas mais respeitados no seu país, continuou a estudar em aulas de desenho anatómico ao longo de toda a sua vida, algo considerado como inapropriado pelos seus pares. Nos anos 1830, Etty começou a trabalhar na área dos retratos, uma área menos respeitada mas mais lucrativa, tornando-se, mais tarde, o primeiro pintor inglês a realizar naturezas-mortas de relevo. Etty continuou a pintar nus masculinos e femininos, o que deu origem a pesadas críticas de alguns elementos da comunicação social da época. Etty era extremamente tímido, pouco sociável, e nunca casou. Viveu com a sua sobrinha Betsy (Elizabeth Etty) desde 1824 até à sua morte. Mesmo em Londres, Etty manteve o interesse na sua terra-natal York, e teve um papel muito importante no estabelecimento da primeira escola de arte da cidade e na campanha para preservar as Muralhas da cidade de York. Embora nunca tenha deixado a sua fé Metodista, estava profundamente ligado à Igreja Católica Romana e era um dos poucos não-católicos a estar presente na abertura da capela do Colégio de Santa Maria de Oscott, de Augustus Welby Pugin, em 1838. Etty realizou vários trabalhos, com sucesso comercial, durante a década de 1840, mas a qualidade das suas pinturas decaiu ao longo deste período. À medida que a sua sua se deteriorava, voltou para York em 1848. Morreu em 1849, pouco depois de uma grande exibição retrospectiva Na sequência da sua morte, as suas obras começaram a ter grande procura junto dos coleccionadores e a ser vendidas por quantias elevadas. No entanto, os gostos mudaram e o seu trabalho ficou fora de moda, e os imitadores depressa abandonaram o seu estilo. No final do século XIX, o valor de todas as suas obras caíram para valores inferiores aos dos originais, e fora de York continuou pouco conhecido durante todo o século XX. A inclusão de Etty na importante exibição do Tate Britain, Exposed: The Victorian Nude, em 2001–02, o restauro do seu As Sirenes e Ulisses em 2010, e uma grande retrospectiva da sua carreira no Galeria de Arte de York em 2011–12, deram origem a um renovado interesse nas suas obras. (pt)
  • Уильям Этти (англ. William Etty; 10 марта 1787, Йорк — 13 ноября 1849, там же) — английский живописец. Известен как выдающийся колорист. Главной темой его творчества стала обнажённая женская натура. (ru)
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  • 1787-03-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1787-3-10
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  • 1849-11-13 (xsd:date)
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  • Semi-nude man prepares to stab a naked man, while a semi-nude woman clutches his waist
  • Man holding paintbrush
  • Naked woman surrounded by other nude figures
  • Painting of a stone gatehouse
  • Photograph of the same stone gatehouse
  • Two nude figures in a crudely painted landscape
  • Woman in a white bonnet and a small child
  • Young woman in a white bonnet
  • Nude woman, almost-nude man and nude child in an elaborately painted landscape
dbp:caption
  • The Combat: Woman Pleading for the Vanquished, William Etty .
  • G. T. Doo engraving, 1848, based on a version completed by Etty in 1845.
  • A Family of the Forest
  • Early oil study
  • Incomplete first version
  • Monk Bar in 2012
  • Monk Bar, York
  • The finished Pandora
  • Mary, Lady Templeton, after Thomas Lawrence, William Etty, 1807–08
  • William Etty, self-portrait based on an October 1844 photograph by Hill & Adamson
  • Lady Mary Templetown and Her Eldest Son, Thomas Lawrence, 1802
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  • By the time Etty painted Mary, Lady Templeton the original would no longer have been in Lawrence's possession; he almost certainly copied from one of Lawrence's preliminary sketches.
  • Etty abandoned the first of his 1824 Pandora paintings half-complete, and exhibited the second.
  • The successful campaign to preserve York's city walls means that Monk Bar, as painted by Etty in 1838, remains virtually unchanged.
  • Preliminary study and completed version of A Family of the Forest .
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  • Etty – A Family of the Forest.jpg
  • Etty – Mary, Lady Templeton.jpg
  • Etty – The Combat .jpeg
  • Etty – The Combat.jpg
  • Lady Mary Templetown and Her Eldest Son.jpg
  • Monk Bar Gatehouse 4 .jpg
  • Monk Bar, York YORAG-64.jpg
  • Study for 'A Family of the Forests' by William Etty.jpg
  • William Etty - Pandora Crowned by the Seasons, 1824.jpg
  • William Etty - Pandora Crowned by the Seasons, 1823-1824.jpg
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dbp:quote
  • --10-23
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  • William Etty on the 1805 completion of his apprenticeship, in his Autobiography written November 1848
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dct:description
  • British painter (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • William Etty (* 10. März 1787 in York; † 13. November 1849 ebenda) war ein englischer Maler der Romantik, der vor allem für seine Aktbilder bekannt war. (de)
  • William Etty (10 mars 1787 à York – 13 novembre 1849) était un peintre britannique connu pour ses tableaux de nus. (fr)
  • William Etty (10 de marzo de 1787 - 13 de noviembre de 1849) fue un artista inglés conocido por sus pinturas de eventos históricos que contienen figuras desnudas. Fue el primer pintor británico de renombre que pintó desnudez y naturalezas muertas. (es)
  • William Etty (ur. 10 marca 1787, zm. 13 listopada 1849) – malarz angielski. Urodzony w Yorku, uczeń Lawrence'a, pozostawał pod wpływem szkoły weneckiej. Wprowadził nową technikę malarską, dającą bardzo silne efekty barwne, zwłaszcza przy malowaniu nagiego ciała, które z wielkim zamiłowaniem przedstawiał niemal we wszystkich swych większych kompozycjach historycznych. Najsłynniejsze obrazy: Pandora i trylogie poświęcone Judycie i Joannie d'Arc. (pl)
  • Tra le sue opere La Bellezza che guida la Giovinezza (1832) e Giovanna d'Arco (1847), di maniere preraffaelite. (it)
  • William Etty (York, 10 maart 1787 - aldaar, 13 november 1849) was een Engels kunstschilder. Hij wordt gerekend tot de stroming van de romantiek en werd vooral bekend als schilder van historische- en mythologische werken met veel naakten. (nl)
  • Уильям Этти (англ. William Etty; 10 марта 1787, Йорк — 13 ноября 1849, там же) — английский живописец. Известен как выдающийся колорист. Главной темой его творчества стала обнажённая женская натура. (ru)
  • William Etty RA (10 March 1787 – 13 November 1849) was an English artist best known for his history paintings containing nude figures. He was the first significant British painter of nudes and still lifes. Born in York, he left school at the age of 12 to become an apprentice printer in Hull. He completed his apprenticeship seven years later and moved to London, where in 1807 he joined the Royal Academy Schools. There he studied under Thomas Lawrence and trained by copying works by other artists. Etty earned respect at the Royal Academy of Arts for his ability to paint realistic flesh tones, but had little commercial or critical success in his early years in London. (en)
  • William Etty (York, 10 de Março de 1787 – York, 13 de Novembro de 1849) foi um artista inglês conhecido pelas suas pinturas de eventos históricos contendo figuras nuas. Etty foi o primeiro pintor britânico que se destacou na pintura de nus e de naturezas-mortas. Nascido em Born in York, saiu da escola com 12 anos de idade para se tornar aprendiz de impressão em Hull. Terminou a sua aprendizagem sete anos mais tarde e foi viver para Londres onde, em 1807, entrou para a Academia Real Inglesa. Nesta escola, foi aluno de Thomas Lawrence e a sua formação teve por base a cópia de trabalhos de vários artistas. Etty foi bem sucedido na Academia, ganhando reconhecimento pela sua capacidade de pintar os tons da pele de forma bastante realista, mas não obteve grande sucesso ao nível comercial ou da c (pt)
rdfs:label
  • William Etty (en)
  • William Etty (de)
  • William Etty (es)
  • William Etty (fr)
  • William Etty (it)
  • William Etty (pl)
  • William Etty (nl)
  • Этти, Уильям (ru)
  • William Etty (pt)
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