The Whitman massacre (also known as the Walla Walla massacre and the Whitman Incident) was the murder of Oregon missionaries Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa, along with eleven others, on November 29, 1847. They were killed by a party of Cayuse Native Americans who accused him of having poisoned 200 Cayuse in his medical care. The incident began the Cayuse War. It took place in present-day southeastern Washington state, near the town of Walla Walla, and was one of the most notorious episodes in the U.S. settlement of the Pacific Northwest. The event was the climax of several years of complex interaction between Marcus, who had helped lead the first wagon train to cross Oregon's Blue Mountains and reach the Columbia River via the Oregon Trail, his wife and fellow missionary Narcissa, an

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dbo:abstract
  • Das Whitman-Massaker, auch Walla-Walla-Massaker genannt, war ein Vorfall im Oregon-Gebiet in der Nähe des heutigen Walla Walla, bei dem am 29. November 1847 der Arzt und Missionar Marcus Whitman, seine Frau Narcissa und 15 weitere weiße Siedler von Indianern der Stämme Cayuse und Umatilla ermordet wurden. Der Vorfall löste den Cayuse-Krieg aus und ist eine der berüchtigtsten Episoden in der Erschließung des Westens der heutigen USA durch Weiße. Die Ermordung war das tragische Ende einer mehrjährigen Beziehung zwischen den Whitmans, die den ersten Treck entlang des Oregon Trails anführten, und den indigenen Völkern dieser Region. Die Ermordung wird heute als Folge eines kulturellen Missverständnisses zwischen den Siedlern und den Indianern angesehen. Mitursache war jedoch auch, dass Whitman nicht verhindern konnte, dass eine Masernepidemie eine hohe Anzahl von Toten unter den Indianern forderte. Der Vorfall wird bis heute kontrovers diskutiert. Einige Historiker sehen in dem Whitman-Ehepaar Helden der frühen Pionierzeit. Andere sehen sie als weiße Siedler, die ihre Kultur und ihre Religion den dort lebenden Indianern aufzwingen wollten. An das Massaker erinnert seit 1936 die Whitman Mission National Historic Site. (de)
  • The Whitman massacre (also known as the Walla Walla massacre and the Whitman Incident) was the murder of Oregon missionaries Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa, along with eleven others, on November 29, 1847. They were killed by a party of Cayuse Native Americans who accused him of having poisoned 200 Cayuse in his medical care. The incident began the Cayuse War. It took place in present-day southeastern Washington state, near the town of Walla Walla, and was one of the most notorious episodes in the U.S. settlement of the Pacific Northwest. The event was the climax of several years of complex interaction between Marcus, who had helped lead the first wagon train to cross Oregon's Blue Mountains and reach the Columbia River via the Oregon Trail, his wife and fellow missionary Narcissa, and the local Native Americans. The story of the massacre shocked the United States Congress into action concerning the future territorial status of the Oregon Country. The Oregon Territory was finally established on August 14, 1848. The killings are usually ascribed in part to a clash of cultures and in part to the inability of Marcus, a physician, to halt the spread of measles among the Native Americans, who then held Whitman responsible for subsequent deaths. The incident remains controversial to this day: the Whitmans are regarded by some as pioneer heroes; others see them as white settlers who attempted to impose their religion on the Native Americans and otherwise unjustly intrude, even allegedly poisoning the natives. (en)
  • Le massacre de Whitman fut l'assassinat le 29 novembre 1847 des missionnaires américains Marcus Whitman (en), son épouse Narcissa Whitman (en), ainsi que treize autres personnes dans l'Oregon Country. Ils ont été tués par des Amérindiens Cayuses et Umatillas, marquant le début de la guerre Cayuse. Il a eu lieu dans l'actuel sud-est de l'État de Washington, près de la ville de Walla Walla, et fut l'un des épisodes les plus célèbres dans cette colonie américaine du Nord-Ouest Pacifique. L'événement a été le point culminant de plusieurs années d'une interaction complexe entre les Whitman, qui avaient dirigé la première caravane de colons le long de la piste de l'Oregon, et les Amérindiens locaux. Les meurtres sont généralement attribués en partie à un choc des cultures et en partie à l'incapacité de Marcus Whitman, un médecin, d'arrêter la propagation de la rougeole parmi les Amérindiens, qui considéraient alors Whitman comme responsable des nouveaux morts. L'incident reste encore controversé car les Whitman sont considérés par certains comme des pionniers héroïques, et par d'autres comme des colons occidentaux qui ont tenté d'imposer leur religion sur les Amérindiens. * Portail des Nord-Amérindiens Portail des Nord-Amérindiens * Portail de l’histoire militaire Portail de l’histoire militaire * Portail de l’État de Washington Portail de l’État de Washington (fr)
  • O massacre Whitman (também conhecido por massacre de Walla Walla ou o Incidente Whitman) foi o assassinato no Oregon Country em 29 de novembro de 1847 do missionário estado-unidense Dr. Marcus Whitman e sua esposa Narcissa Whitman, juntamente com doze outros, pelos índios Cayuse e Umatilla. O incidente deu início à Guerra dos Cayuse. Ele ocorreu na região do atual estado de Washington, próximo a cidade de Walla Walla, é foi um dos mais notórios acontecimentos da colonização norte-americana no noroeste da América do Norte. O evento foi o clímax de vários anos de complexa interação entre os Whitmans, que haviam conduzido a primeira caravana ao longo da Trilha do Oregon, e os nativos americanos locais. Os assassinatos são geralmente atribuído em parte a um choque de culturas e em parte, à incapacidade do Dr. Whitman, um médico, para deter a propagação do sarampo entre os nativos americanos, que responsabilizaram Whitman pelas mortes ocasionada pela doença. O incidente permanece até hoje causando polêmicas: os Whitmans são considerados por alguns como heróis pioneiros; outros os vêem como colonos brancos, que tentaram impor sua religião sobre os índios americanos e outras injustificadas intromissões. (pt)
  • Masakra Whitmanów (zwana także masakrą pod Walla-Walla) miała miejsce w dniu 29 listopada 1847 r. w pobliżu dzisiejszego miasta Walla-Walla w stanie Oregon. W dokonanej przez Indian z plemienia Cayuse i Umatilla masakrze śmierć poniósł lekarz i misjonarz Marcus Whitman, jego żona oraz 15 białych osadników. Zdarzenie wywołało wojnę z Indianami Cayuse i uznawane jest za jeden z najbardziej znanych epizodów w historii osadnictwa białych w Ameryce. Masakra była tragicznym zakończeniem trwającej wiele lat przyjaźni pomiędzy Whitmanem, założycielem pierwszej Misji w Oregonie a zamieszkującymi ten region Indianami. Zdarzenie ukazywane jest jako skutek różnic kulturalnych dzielących białych osadników i Indian. W znacznym stopniu do niezadowolenia tubylców przyczniła się epidemia odry, która pochłonęła wiele ofiar po stronie Indian. Winą za śmierć tubylców miano obarczać Whitmana, któremu zarzucano brak chęci do niesienia pomocy. Wielu historyków przedstawia małżeństwo Whitmanów w glorii bohaterów wczesnego okresu pionierstwa. Inni widzą w nich białych osadników, starających się narzucić Indianom własną kulturę i religię. (pl)
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  • Marcus Whitman
dbp:date
  • 1847-11-29 (xsd:date)
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  • 15 (xsd:integer)
dbp:location
  • Waiilatpu mission, near Walla Walla, Washington
dbp:motive
  • The belief that Marcus Whitman was deliberately poisoning Native Americans infected with measles
dbp:partof
  • the Cayuse War
dbp:perpetrators
  • Tiloukaikt, Tomahas, Kiamsumpkin, Iaiachalakis, and Klokomas
dbp:title
  • Whitman massacre
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  • White American residents of the Waiilatpu mission
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  • The Whitman massacre (also known as the Walla Walla massacre and the Whitman Incident) was the murder of Oregon missionaries Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa, along with eleven others, on November 29, 1847. They were killed by a party of Cayuse Native Americans who accused him of having poisoned 200 Cayuse in his medical care. The incident began the Cayuse War. It took place in present-day southeastern Washington state, near the town of Walla Walla, and was one of the most notorious episodes in the U.S. settlement of the Pacific Northwest. The event was the climax of several years of complex interaction between Marcus, who had helped lead the first wagon train to cross Oregon's Blue Mountains and reach the Columbia River via the Oregon Trail, his wife and fellow missionary Narcissa, an (en)
  • Das Whitman-Massaker, auch Walla-Walla-Massaker genannt, war ein Vorfall im Oregon-Gebiet in der Nähe des heutigen Walla Walla, bei dem am 29. November 1847 der Arzt und Missionar Marcus Whitman, seine Frau Narcissa und 15 weitere weiße Siedler von Indianern der Stämme Cayuse und Umatilla ermordet wurden. (de)
  • Le massacre de Whitman fut l'assassinat le 29 novembre 1847 des missionnaires américains Marcus Whitman (en), son épouse Narcissa Whitman (en), ainsi que treize autres personnes dans l'Oregon Country. Ils ont été tués par des Amérindiens Cayuses et Umatillas, marquant le début de la guerre Cayuse. Les meurtres sont généralement attribués en partie à un choc des cultures et en partie à l'incapacité de Marcus Whitman, un médecin, d'arrêter la propagation de la rougeole parmi les Amérindiens, qui considéraient alors Whitman comme responsable des nouveaux morts. (fr)
  • Masakra Whitmanów (zwana także masakrą pod Walla-Walla) miała miejsce w dniu 29 listopada 1847 r. w pobliżu dzisiejszego miasta Walla-Walla w stanie Oregon. W dokonanej przez Indian z plemienia Cayuse i Umatilla masakrze śmierć poniósł lekarz i misjonarz Marcus Whitman, jego żona oraz 15 białych osadników. (pl)
  • O massacre Whitman (também conhecido por massacre de Walla Walla ou o Incidente Whitman) foi o assassinato no Oregon Country em 29 de novembro de 1847 do missionário estado-unidense Dr. Marcus Whitman e sua esposa Narcissa Whitman, juntamente com doze outros, pelos índios Cayuse e Umatilla. O incidente deu início à Guerra dos Cayuse. Ele ocorreu na região do atual estado de Washington, próximo a cidade de Walla Walla, é foi um dos mais notórios acontecimentos da colonização norte-americana no noroeste da América do Norte. O evento foi o clímax de vários anos de complexa interação entre os Whitmans, que haviam conduzido a primeira caravana ao longo da Trilha do Oregon, e os nativos americanos locais. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Whitman massacre (en)
  • Whitman-Massaker (de)
  • Massacre de Whitman (fr)
  • Masakra Whitmana (pl)
  • Massacre Whitman (pt)
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