West Pakistan (Urdu: مغربی پاکستان‎, Mag̱ẖribī Pākistān IPA: [məɣrɪbiː pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn]; Bengali: পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান, Pôśchim Pākistān) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India. West Pakistan emerged as one of South Asia's largest economies and military powers. West Pakistan's economy boomed and at its highest peak it was called the "West Germany of East." Its economic progress was only limited to the western side, and the majority of promised funds for East Pakistan were never issued.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • West Pakistan (Urdu: مغربی پاکستان‎, Mag̱ẖribī Pākistān IPA: [məɣrɪbiː pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn]; Bengali: পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান, Pôśchim Pākistān) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India. After gaining independence from the British in 1947, the State of Pakistan was physically separated into two exclaves, with the western and eastern wings separated from each other by the Republic of India. The western wing of Pakistan comprised three Governor's provinces (North-West Frontier, West-Punjab and Sindh Province), one Chief Commissioner's province (Baluchistan Province), and the Baluchistan States Union along with several other independent princely states (notably Bahawalpur, Chitral, Dir, Hunza, Khairpur and Swat), the Federal Capital Territory around Karachi, and the tribal areas. The eastern wing of the new country – East Pakistan – formed the single province of East Bengal (including the former Assam district of Sylhet). West Pakistan adopted the stance that West Pakistan was the true Pakistan, with East Pakistan as a provincial dominion. The western wing was politically dominant despite East Pakistan having over half of the population and a disproportionately small number of seats in the Constituent Assembly. This inequality of the two wings and the geographical distance between them were believed to be delaying the adoption of a new constitution. To diminish the differences between the two regions, the government decided to reorganise the country into two distinct provinces under the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Muhammad Ali on 22 November 1954. During most of the Cold War, Pakistan was a close ally of the United States, having an influential membership in the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) and the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO). Geographically divided into two wings, the western contingent, claiming the exclusive mandate for all of Pakistan, considered itself to be the reorganised continuation of the country in the United Nations. President Field Marshal Ayub Khan, who remained in office from 1958 until 1969, worked for a full alignment with the West rather than neutrality. He not only secured membership in SEATO but was also a proponent of agreements that developed CENTO. West Pakistan emerged as one of South Asia's largest economies and military powers. West Pakistan's economy boomed and at its highest peak it was called the "West Germany of East." Its economic progress was only limited to the western side, and the majority of promised funds for East Pakistan were never issued. In 1970, President General Yahya Khan enacted a series of territorial, constitutional and military reforms. These established the provincial assemblies, state parliament, and the current provisional borders of Pakistan's four provinces. On 1 July 1970, West Pakistan was devolved and renamed "Pakistan" under Legal Framework Order No. 1970, which dissolved the "One Unit" and removed the term "West", simply establishing the country as Pakistan. The order had no effect on East Pakistan, which retained the geographical position established in 1955. The next year's civil war, however, resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. (en)
  • Pakistán Occidental fue el nombre popular ―y el nombre oficial (entre 1955 y 1970)― de la parte occidental de Pakistán hasta 1971, en que Pakistán Oriental se volvió independiente y adoptó el nombre de Bangladés. Esta parte oeste ―políticamente dominante― se componía de: * tres provincias gubernamentales: * Frontera Noroccidental, * Punyab Occidental y * Sind * una provincia comisionada (Baluchistán), * la Unión de Estados de Baluchistán, * varios otros estados principescos: * Bajawalpur, * Chitral, * Dir, * Hunza, * Khairpur y * Swat, * el Territorio de la Capital Federal (alrededor de Karachi) y * las áreas tribales. La parte oriental de la provincia única de Bengala Oriental (incluido el distrito de Siljet en Assam) ―a pesar de tener más de la mitad de la población de Pakistán― tenía un número desproporcionadamente pequeño de escaños en la Asamblea Constituyente. Se cree que esta desigualdad entre las dos partes del país y la distancia geográfica entre ellos fue lo que provocó la adopción de una nueva constitución. Para disminuir las diferencias entre las dos regiones, el 22 de noviembre de 1954 el gobierno decidió reorganizar el país en dos provincias distintas dentro de la política «Una Unidad» anunciada por el primer ministro Chaudhry Muhammad Ali. (es)
  • Paquistão Ocidental era o nome dado popularmente e, em certa época, oficialmente (1955-1970) à região oeste do Paquistão, quando o país era formado por duas áreas separadas pelo norte da Índia, notadamente o Paquistão Ocidental e o Paquistão Oriental. Após obter sua independência, o Paquistão Oriental passou a chamar-se Bangladesh. Paquistão e Bangladesh faziam parte da Índia Britânica até a independência paquistanesa em 1947, quando se iniciaram as grandes partições da Índia colonial e a criação dos novos estados internos e do Paquistão independente. A identidade sócio-lingüística foi um dos fatores mais importantes no estabelecimento de regiões administrativas distintas ao fim do período colonial. (pt)
  • Pakistan Zachodni – historyczna, istniejąca w latach 1955–1970 prowincja Pakistanu. (pl)
  • Западный Пакистан (англ. West Pakistan) — одна из двух провинций Пакистана в период с 1955 по 1970 год. Западный Пакистан был создан в 1955 году в рамках политики объединения регионов при премьер-министре Мухаммаде Али Чоудхури. (ru)
dbo:anthem
dbo:capital
dbo:currency
dbo:dissolutionDate
  • 1970-07-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:dissolutionYear
  • 1970-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:foundingDate
  • 1947-08-14 (xsd:date)
dbo:foundingYear
  • 1947-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:governmentType
dbo:motto
  • "Unity, Discipline, Faith"
dbo:thumbnail
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  • 34039 (xsd:integer)
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  • 744106421 (xsd:integer)
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  • 92 (xsd:integer)
dbp:commonLanguages
dbp:continent
  • Asia
dbp:country
  • Pakistan
dbp:dateEnd
  • --07-01
dbp:dateEvent
  • 1954-11-22 (xsd:date)
dbp:dateStart
  • --08-14
dbp:deputy
  • Amir Mohammad Khan
  • Muhammad Musa
  • Nur Khan
dbp:era
  • Cold War
dbp:event
dbp:eventEnd
dbp:eventStart
dbp:flagP
  • British Raj Red Ensign.svg
dbp:flagS
  • Flag of Pakistan.svg
dbp:footnoteA
  • Under martial law.
dbp:imageCoat
  • Coat of arms of Pakistan.svg
dbp:imageFlag
  • Flag of Pakistan.svg
dbp:imageMap
  • Pakistan .svg
dbp:imageMapCaption
  • Area constituting West Pakistan shown in dark green;light green shown as claimed territory.
dbp:leader
dbp:legislature
dbp:p
  • British Raj
dbp:region
dbp:religion
dbp:representative
  • Akhter Husain
  • Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani
dbp:s
  • Pakistan
dbp:status
  • Former western wing of Pakistan
dbp:titleDeputy
  • Administratora
dbp:titleLeader
dbp:titleRepresentative
dbp:yearDeputy
  • 1960 (xsd:integer)
  • 1966 (xsd:integer)
  • 1969 (xsd:integer)
dbp:yearLeader
  • 1955 (xsd:integer)
  • 1957 (xsd:integer)
  • 1958 (xsd:integer)
dbp:yearRepresentative
  • 1955 (xsd:integer)
  • 1957 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
georss:point
  • 30.0 70.0
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Pakistan Zachodni – historyczna, istniejąca w latach 1955–1970 prowincja Pakistanu. (pl)
  • Западный Пакистан (англ. West Pakistan) — одна из двух провинций Пакистана в период с 1955 по 1970 год. Западный Пакистан был создан в 1955 году в рамках политики объединения регионов при премьер-министре Мухаммаде Али Чоудхури. (ru)
  • West Pakistan (Urdu: مغربی پاکستان‎, Mag̱ẖribī Pākistān IPA: [məɣrɪbiː pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn]; Bengali: পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান, Pôśchim Pākistān) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India. West Pakistan emerged as one of South Asia's largest economies and military powers. West Pakistan's economy boomed and at its highest peak it was called the "West Germany of East." Its economic progress was only limited to the western side, and the majority of promised funds for East Pakistan were never issued. (en)
  • Pakistán Occidental fue el nombre popular ―y el nombre oficial (entre 1955 y 1970)― de la parte occidental de Pakistán hasta 1971, en que Pakistán Oriental se volvió independiente y adoptó el nombre de Bangladés. Esta parte oeste ―políticamente dominante― se componía de: (es)
  • Paquistão Ocidental era o nome dado popularmente e, em certa época, oficialmente (1955-1970) à região oeste do Paquistão, quando o país era formado por duas áreas separadas pelo norte da Índia, notadamente o Paquistão Ocidental e o Paquistão Oriental. Após obter sua independência, o Paquistão Oriental passou a chamar-se Bangladesh. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • West Pakistan (en)
  • Pakistán Occidental (es)
  • Pakistan Zachodni (pl)
  • Paquistão Ocidental (pt)
  • Западный Пакистан (ru)
rdfs:seeAlso
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  • POINT(70 30)
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  • 30.000000 (xsd:float)
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  • 70.000000 (xsd:float)
prov:wasDerivedFrom
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  • West Pakistan (en)
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