West Bengal (/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/; Bengali pronunciation: [pɔʃtʃimbɔŋɡɔ]) is an Indian state, located in East India on the Bay of Bengal. It is India's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. It has a total area of 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), making it similar in size to Serbia. A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region, it borders Bangladesh in the east and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also has borders with five Indian states, including Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam.

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  • West Bengal (/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/; Bengali pronunciation: [pɔʃtʃimbɔŋɡɔ]) is an Indian state, located in East India on the Bay of Bengal. It is India's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. It has a total area of 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), making it similar in size to Serbia. A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region, it borders Bangladesh in the east and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also has borders with five Indian states, including Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the third-largest city in India. The geography of West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in its extreme north, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans. The main ethnic group are the Bengali people, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major janapadas, including Vanga, Radha, Pundra and Suhma. In the 2nd century BC, the region was conquered by the emperor Ashoka. In the 4th century AD, it was absorbed into the Gupta Empire. From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu states and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century. The British East India Company cemented their hold on the region following the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and Calcutta served for many years as the capital of British India. The early and prolonged exposure to British administration resulted in expansion of Western education, culminating in development in science, institutional education, and social reforms of the region, including what became known as the Bengal Renaissance. A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided during India's independence in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal—a state of India—and East Bengal—a part of the newly-created Pakistan—later becoming Bangladesh in 1971. Between 1977 and 2011, the state was administered by the world's longest elected Communist government. A major agricultural producer, West Bengal is the sixth-largest contributor to India's net domestic product. It is noted for its cultural activities and the presence of cultural and educational institutions; the state capital Kolkata is known as the "cultural capital of India". The state's cultural heritage, besides varied folk traditions, ranges from stalwarts in literature including Nobel-laureate Rabindranath Tagore to scores of musicians, film-makers and artists. West Bengal is also distinct from most other Indian states in its appreciation and practice of playing Association football besides cricket, the national favourite sport. (en)
  • البنغال الغربية ((بالإنجليزية: West Bengal)؛ بالبنغالي: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo, أصد: [poʃtʃim bɔŋɡo]) هي ولاية تقع في شمالي الهند، وتبلغ مساحتها 87,853 كم². يقطن الولاية 69,982,732 نسمة. يدين 75% منهم بالهندوسية، و20% بالإسلام، والبقية بوذيُّون، ونصارى، ويانيون، وسيخ. يتكلم 85% من السكان اللغة البنغالية، والآخرون يتكلمون اللغة الهندية، والأوردو، وبعض اللهجات القبلية. نسبة التعليم 40%. ويعيش 30% من السكان في المراكز الحضرية. أهم المدن كَلكتا العاصمة، وأسانسول ودرغابور. (ar)
  • Westbengalen (bengalisch: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Paścimbaṅga, Pashchimbanga; Englisch: West Bengal) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 88.752 km² und 91 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Die Hauptstadt Westbengalens ist Kolkata (Kalkutta) im Süden des Bundesstaates. Die vorherrschende Sprache des Bundesstaates ist Bengalisch. Im Jahr 2011 wurde ein Konsens-Beschluss verschiedener politischer Parteien verabschiedet, den Bundesstaat auch im englischen Sprachgebrauch offiziell in Paschimbanga, entsprechend der Transkription aus dem Bengalischen umzunennen. Der Beschluss wurde bisher aber nicht konsequent umgesetzt. Im August 2016 beschloss die Regierung Westbengalens, dass der Staat künftig einfach Bengalen (bengalische Transkription: Bangla) heißen solle. Ein entsprechender Beschluss des Parlaments steht noch aus (Stand: August 2016). (de)
  • Bengala Occidental (en bengalí: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, en nepalí, पश्चिम बङ्गाल, trasliterado: Pośchim Bongo) es un estado en la zona este de la India. Tiene frontera con Nepal, Bangladés y Bután así como con los estados indios de Sikkim, Assam, Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar y con la bahía de Bengala. El estado tiene una superficie total de 88.752 km² y su población según el censo del año 2001 era de 80.221.171 habitantes. La capital está situada en la ciudad de Calcuta. El idioma principal es el bengalí. El clima en Bengala Occidental es tropical. Las tierras son mayoritariamente llanuras, a excepción de la zona norte que se encuentra en las estribaciones de la cordillera del Himalaya. Darjeeling, en el norte, es famoso por sus tés de alta calidad. La región también es famosa por el tigre de Bengala (Panthera tigris tigris). En la región nació el Premio Nobel de Literatura Rabindranath Tagore así como el músico Ravi Shankar. (es)
  • Le Bengale-Occidental ou Paschimbanga (bengali : পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Népalais: पश्चिम बङ्गाल;poʃtʃim bɔŋɡo) est un État de l'Inde du nord-est. Sa capitale est Calcutta. (fr)
  • Il Bengala Occidentale (bengalese: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Poshchimbôŋgo) è uno Stato dell'India nord-orientale. Assieme al Bangladesh, con cui confina ad est, il Bengala Occidentale forma la regione etno-linguistica del Bengala. Confina con gli Stati indiani dell'Assam, del Sikkim e del Bhutan a nord-est, a quello di Orissa a sud-ovest e a quelli di Jharkhand e Bihar ad ovest, mentre a nord-ovest confina con il Nepal. La regione oggi conosciuta come Bengala Occidentale è stata parte di molti regni e imperi negli ultimi duemila anni. La Compagnia Britannica delle Indie Orientali consolidò il proprio potere sulla regione dopo la Battaglia di Plassey, nel 1757, e la città di Kolkata, allora Calcutta, fu per molti anni la capitale dell'India Britannica. Culla del movimento indipendentista indiano all'inizio del XX secolo, il Bengala fu diviso nel 1947 in due entità separate, il Bengala Occidentale, uno Stato dell'India, e il Pakistan Orientale, che apparteneva alla nuova nazione del Pakistan. Dopo l'indipendenza dell'India nel 1947, il teatro politico ed economico del Bengala Occidentale fu caratterizzato per molti decenni dal marxismo intellettuale, dai Naxaliti e dal sindacalismo. Dalla fine degli anni novanta, il ringiovanimento economico ha portato ad un balzo nella crescita economica ed industriale dello Stato. (it)
  • West-Bengalen (Bengaals: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Nepalees: पश्चिम बङ्गाल, Pôščim Bôngô) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het noordoostelijke deel van het land, tegen de westgrens van Bangladesh. De hoofdstad is Kolkata (Calcutta) en West-Bengalen heeft 80.176.197 (2001) inwoners. De staat is het westelijke deel van de voormalige Brits-Indische provincie Bengalen. De naburige gebieden zijn Nepal en Sikkim in het noordwesten, Bhutan in het noorden, Assam in het noordoosten, Bangladesh in het oosten, de Golf van Bengalen in het zuiden, Odisha in het zuidwesten en Jharkhand en Bihar. (nl)
  • 西ベンガル州/ウェストベンガル州(ベンガル語:পশ্চিম বঙ্গ (Pôščim Bôngô)/英語:West Bengal)は、インド東部の州。州都はコルカタ。公用語はベンガル語。面積8万8752km²、人口8022万人(2001年)。 (ja)
  • Bengala Ocidental é um estado da Índia. Seus limites são o Estado do Sikkim a norte, o reino do Butão a nordeste, o Estado de Assam e a república de Bangladesh a leste, o Golfo de Bengala a sudeste, os Estados de Orissa a sudoeste e Jharkhand e Bihar a oeste e a república do Nepal a noroeste. Algumas da principais cidades de Bengala Ocidental incluem: Asansol, Calcutá (capital do estado). Junto com Bangladesh, o Estado forma a região linguístico-cultural de Bengala ou Bangla. O autor dos poemas que se tornaram os hinos nacionais de ambos os países, Rabindranath Tagore, é um conhecido indivíduo desta cultura. * Maiores cidades (pt)
  • Bengal Zachodni (hindi पश्चिम बंगाल, trb.: Paśćim Bangal, trl.: Paścim Baṁgāl; bengalski পশ্চিম বঙ্গ; ang. West Bengal) – jeden ze stanów Indii, położony w jej północno-wschodniej części. Stolicą stanu, a zarazem największym miastem jest Kalkuta. Stan powstał w 1947 roku w wyniku podziału Bengalu na część wschodnią, która przypadła Pakistanowi (obecny Bangladesz) i część zachodnią, która pozostała przy Indiach. (pl)
  • За́падная Бенга́лия (бенг. পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pościm Bôngo; в русских текстах встречается вариант Западный Бенгал) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Калькутта. Население — 91 347 736 человек (4-е место среди штатов; данные 2011 г.). (ru)
  • 西孟加拉邦(孟加拉語:পশ্চিম বঙ্গ;尼泊尔语:पश्चिम बङ्गाल;英语:West Bengal)位于印度东部,面积88,752平方公里,人口為九千一百萬(2011年)。 此邦位於孟加拉地區西部,东部毗连於孟加拉国和印度阿萨姆邦,西部與奥里萨邦、比哈尔邦以及贾坎德邦相壤,北傍不丹和锡金邦,南濒孟加拉湾。主要是孟加拉人,邦官方语言是孟加拉语。首府位于加尔各答,为印度第三大城市。 (zh)
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  • البنغال الغربية ((بالإنجليزية: West Bengal)؛ بالبنغالي: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo, أصد: [poʃtʃim bɔŋɡo]) هي ولاية تقع في شمالي الهند، وتبلغ مساحتها 87,853 كم². يقطن الولاية 69,982,732 نسمة. يدين 75% منهم بالهندوسية، و20% بالإسلام، والبقية بوذيُّون، ونصارى، ويانيون، وسيخ. يتكلم 85% من السكان اللغة البنغالية، والآخرون يتكلمون اللغة الهندية، والأوردو، وبعض اللهجات القبلية. نسبة التعليم 40%. ويعيش 30% من السكان في المراكز الحضرية. أهم المدن كَلكتا العاصمة، وأسانسول ودرغابور. (ar)
  • Le Bengale-Occidental ou Paschimbanga (bengali : পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Népalais: पश्चिम बङ्गाल;poʃtʃim bɔŋɡo) est un État de l'Inde du nord-est. Sa capitale est Calcutta. (fr)
  • West-Bengalen (Bengaals: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Nepalees: पश्चिम बङ्गाल, Pôščim Bôngô) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het noordoostelijke deel van het land, tegen de westgrens van Bangladesh. De hoofdstad is Kolkata (Calcutta) en West-Bengalen heeft 80.176.197 (2001) inwoners. De staat is het westelijke deel van de voormalige Brits-Indische provincie Bengalen. De naburige gebieden zijn Nepal en Sikkim in het noordwesten, Bhutan in het noorden, Assam in het noordoosten, Bangladesh in het oosten, de Golf van Bengalen in het zuiden, Odisha in het zuidwesten en Jharkhand en Bihar. (nl)
  • 西ベンガル州/ウェストベンガル州(ベンガル語:পশ্চিম বঙ্গ (Pôščim Bôngô)/英語:West Bengal)は、インド東部の州。州都はコルカタ。公用語はベンガル語。面積8万8752km²、人口8022万人(2001年)。 (ja)
  • Bengal Zachodni (hindi पश्चिम बंगाल, trb.: Paśćim Bangal, trl.: Paścim Baṁgāl; bengalski পশ্চিম বঙ্গ; ang. West Bengal) – jeden ze stanów Indii, położony w jej północno-wschodniej części. Stolicą stanu, a zarazem największym miastem jest Kalkuta. Stan powstał w 1947 roku w wyniku podziału Bengalu na część wschodnią, która przypadła Pakistanowi (obecny Bangladesz) i część zachodnią, która pozostała przy Indiach. (pl)
  • За́падная Бенга́лия (бенг. পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pościm Bôngo; в русских текстах встречается вариант Западный Бенгал) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Калькутта. Население — 91 347 736 человек (4-е место среди штатов; данные 2011 г.). (ru)
  • 西孟加拉邦(孟加拉語:পশ্চিম বঙ্গ;尼泊尔语:पश्चिम बङ्गाल;英语:West Bengal)位于印度东部,面积88,752平方公里,人口為九千一百萬(2011年)。 此邦位於孟加拉地區西部,东部毗连於孟加拉国和印度阿萨姆邦,西部與奥里萨邦、比哈尔邦以及贾坎德邦相壤,北傍不丹和锡金邦,南濒孟加拉湾。主要是孟加拉人,邦官方语言是孟加拉语。首府位于加尔各答,为印度第三大城市。 (zh)
  • West Bengal (/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/; Bengali pronunciation: [pɔʃtʃimbɔŋɡɔ]) is an Indian state, located in East India on the Bay of Bengal. It is India's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. It has a total area of 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), making it similar in size to Serbia. A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region, it borders Bangladesh in the east and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also has borders with five Indian states, including Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. (en)
  • Westbengalen (bengalisch: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Paścimbaṅga, Pashchimbanga; Englisch: West Bengal) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 88.752 km² und 91 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Die Hauptstadt Westbengalens ist Kolkata (Kalkutta) im Süden des Bundesstaates. Die vorherrschende Sprache des Bundesstaates ist Bengalisch. (de)
  • Bengala Occidental (en bengalí: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, en nepalí, पश्चिम बङ्गाल, trasliterado: Pośchim Bongo) es un estado en la zona este de la India. Tiene frontera con Nepal, Bangladés y Bután así como con los estados indios de Sikkim, Assam, Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar y con la bahía de Bengala. El estado tiene una superficie total de 88.752 km² y su población según el censo del año 2001 era de 80.221.171 habitantes. La capital está situada en la ciudad de Calcuta. El idioma principal es el bengalí. (es)
  • Il Bengala Occidentale (bengalese: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Poshchimbôŋgo) è uno Stato dell'India nord-orientale. Assieme al Bangladesh, con cui confina ad est, il Bengala Occidentale forma la regione etno-linguistica del Bengala. Confina con gli Stati indiani dell'Assam, del Sikkim e del Bhutan a nord-est, a quello di Orissa a sud-ovest e a quelli di Jharkhand e Bihar ad ovest, mentre a nord-ovest confina con il Nepal. (it)
  • Bengala Ocidental é um estado da Índia. Seus limites são o Estado do Sikkim a norte, o reino do Butão a nordeste, o Estado de Assam e a república de Bangladesh a leste, o Golfo de Bengala a sudeste, os Estados de Orissa a sudoeste e Jharkhand e Bihar a oeste e a república do Nepal a noroeste. * Maiores cidades (pt)
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